James Abercromby ( was baptized on 24 August 1708 at Alloa Parish, Clackmannanshire, Scotland, the third son of Alexander Abercromby of Tullibody and Mary Duff. He was educated at Westminster in London, Leiden University in the Netherlands and studied law at Lincoln's Inn in London before traveling to South Carolina as a young man of twenty-one years of age.
The first record of him at Charleston, South Carolina is dated 12 July 1730 when he was justice of the peace in two deeds. This was soon after the Crown began administering the colony following repurchase from the Lords Proprietors, and at that time South Carolina was on the southern frontier of British America. James was appointed attorney general of the colony a few months later, on 30 November 1730, and served in that capacity, excepting a few trips home to Britain, until he left South Carolina for the last time in June 1744 for London on the ship George.
During his fourteen years residence in South Carolina he was involved in the social, religious and political activities of the young colony.
Between 1732 and 1739 he had surveyed and was granted 6,980 acres of land in South Carolina on the Big Peedee and Waccamaw Rivers, and by 1737 he acquired lot 206 on Church Street in Georgetown. In 1740 he sold 5,000 acres of this land to Hugh Swinton, brother of William Swinton, the surveyor who laid out Georgetown.
He was married to Katherine Thomson. Katherine THOMSON was born in Kent, England