10th Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Waco, Texas, during the winter of 1861 - 1862. Many of its members were from Houston and Tyler and Grimes, Freestone, San Augustine, and Washington counties. It served in the Department of Texas, then was captured at Arkansas Post in January 1863. Exchanged and reorganized, the unit was assigned to Deshler's, J. A. Smith's, and Granbury's Brigade, and in September, 1863, consolidated with the 6th Infantry Regiment and the 15th Cavalry Regiment (dismounted). The command went on to participate in the campaign's of the Army of Tennessee from Chickamauga to Bentonville. It lost 20 killed, 95 wounded, and 28 missing at Chickamauga, and in December, 1863, totaled 642 men and 437 arms. Few surrendered on April 26, 1865. The field officer's were Colonels Roger Q. Mills and Allison Nelson, Lieutenant Colonel Robert B. Young, and Majors Seymour C. Brasher and John R. Kennard.