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William Hodgkins
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Birth: Aug. 29, 1758
Barnstable
Barnstable County
Massachusetts, USA
Death: Jan. 23, 1842
Grand Isle
Grand Isle County
Vermont, USA

Soon after turning 17 years of age, William enlisted, September 1775 at Hopkinton, Merrimack County, New Hampshire, as a Private for one year in Captain John Hale's Company, Colonel John Stark's First New Hampshire Continental Regiment. Hale had recently been promoted the Company's Captain in lieu of Isaac Baldwin who had been killed in action at the Battle of Bunker (Breed's) Hill, June 17, 1775. In September 1775 and through out the Fall and Winter 1775-1776, Colonel Stark's Regiment was stationed at Winter Hill outside of Boston.

After the British evacuated Boston, in March 1776, Colonel Stark and his Regiment were ordered to proceed to New York City where they remained until May 1776, when they were ordered to march by way of Albany to Canada. Upon the Army's retreat from Canada, they were quartered at Chimney Point, on the eastern shore of Lake Champlain, and in turn at Fort Ticonderoga and then at Mount Independence. When it was determined that the British Army had retired to winter quarters in Canada, they were detached from the northern army to reinforce General George Washington at Newtown, Pennsylvania where they formed a part of General Sullivan's Brigade. William was engaged in the Battle of Trenton, December 26, 1776, and the Battle of Princeton, January 3, 1777. Colonel Stark and his Regiment remained with General Washington until his winter quarters were established on the heights of Morristown, New Jersey, where William and the rest of the Regiment were discharged.

On April 6, 1777, at Hopkington, William enlisted for three years as a Private out of Colonel Thomas Stickney's New Hampshire Militia Regiment into Captain Nathaniel Hutchins 8th Company, 1st New Hampshire Continental Regiment then commanded by Colonel Joseph Cilley. The Company traveled first to Town No. 4 (Charlestown), New Hampshire and then to Fort Ticonderoga on Lake Champlain where they remained until the Army's retreat, July 6, 1777. William was one of the 600 men under arms who sailed with the sick and wounded up the lake to Skenesborough (now Whitehall, Washington County, New York). On July 8, 1777, while proceeding towards Fort Edward on the Hudson River, he was engaged in the Battle of Fort Ann. In September and October 1777, he was engaged in the Battle of Saratoga.

After the surrender of British Major General John Burgoyne and his army at Saratoga on October 17, 1777, the 1st New Hampshire Regiment marched to Albany, New York. While there, on October 20th, they were reassigned to General George Washington's main Continental Army. On October 22nd, the Regiment began it's march to join General Washington. They crossed the Hudson River and marched via Canterhook, Claverick, Livingston Mannor, Rinebeck, Poughkeepsie, and Fishkill to King's Ferry where they re-crossed the Hudson. On November 15th they continued marching via New Antrim, Pampton, Morristown, Lormington, and Amwell to the Delaware River which they cross at Correll's Ferry. On November 21st they marched via Warwich to White Marsh about 13 miles from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where they joined the Main Continental Army. On December 16th the 1st New Hampshire Regiment encamped with the main army at Valley Forge where they remained throughout the winter and spring of 1778.

On June 18, 1778, the British Forces left Philadelphia for New York. General Washington's Army followed in fast pursuit. On June 28th, William was engaged in the Battle of Monmouth, near the village of Monmouth Courthouse (now Freehold), New Jersey. After the battle, the 1st New Hampshire Regiment returned to Englishtown, recovered their packs and coats (the weather was very warm that day), and after a day's rest began marching via Spotwood, Brunswick, Springfield, Wardsession, Storterdam, Peramust, Kirheat, across the Hudson River at King's Ferry, Peekskill, Croton Bridge, and North Castle to White Plains, New York, arriving there on July 24th. On September 11th, the Regiment departed White Plains marching via Bedford and Ridgefield to Danbury, Connecticut where they camped, September 18th, on the hills east of the town. On October 19th, they left Danbury and marched via Woodbury, Waterbury, and Farmington to Hartford, arriving their on October 24th. They left Hartford on November 20th marching via Simsbury, New Hartford, Norfolk, South Canaan, Kent, New Milford, and Danbury to Redding where the Regiment went into Winter Quarters on December 2, 1778.

The 1st New Hampshire Regiment left Redding on April 10, 1779 for the Highlands on the Hudson River in New York State where they remained until May 9th when they began their march for Easton, Pennsylvania to join the Western Army under the command of Major General John Sullivan. During The Sullivan Campaign against the Iroquois and British Tories in western New York State, July - September, 1778, William was engaged in it's one major battle, the Battle of Newtown, August 29, 1779. The Battle was fought at the foot of a hill along the Chemung River, between what is now Elmira, Chemung County and Waverly, Tioga County, New York. Sullivan's forces had 11 killed and 32 wounded. The British forces sustained 17 killed, 16 wounded, and 2 captured. The 1st New Hampshire Regiment arrived back at Easton on October 15th. They left Easton on October 27th marching toward the Hudson River which they crossed on November 25th. They went into winter quarters at a place about half way between Danbury and Newtown, Connecticut on December 1, 1779. William's 3 year enlistment expired on April 5, 1780, he was discharged then at Danbury, the day before his Regiment moved out of winter quarters for West Point.

William married, October 5, 1784 at Chester, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, Ruth Brown (1765-1848) by whom he had 9 children (5 sons and 4 daughters): Samuel (1785-1872), James B. (b. 1787), Sally (1789-1851), Ruth (b. 1791), Mary (Polly) B. (1793-1862), John B. (1796-1860), William (b. 1800), Carlisle T. (1803-1879), and Lovina (b. 1805).

In 1793, William moved to Bradford, Orange County, Vermont where he and his family lived on the farm of John McDuffee, the nephew of his wife's father, William Brown. By mid-1800, William and his family were residing in South Hero, Chittenden (now Grand Isle) County, Vermont. In mid-1810, they were residing in Middle Hero (now Grand Isle), Grand Isle County, Vermont. In 1814, William was a member of Captain Abner Keeler's Company of Vermont Militia organized from the towns of South Hero and Grand Isle. In September 1814, at the age of 56 years, William and his son James crossed Lake Champlain with other members of Captain Keeler's Company and participated in the Land Battle of Plattsburgh, New York, September 11, 1814. On October 3, 1821, while working at Plattsburgh, William declared his occupation to be "Ships Carpenter".

References:

(1) "History of the First New Hampshire Regiment in the War of the Revolution" by Frederic Kidder, 1868, pages 3-11, 14-24, 37-54, 117, & 142

(2) "Memoir and Official Correspondence of Gen. John Stark" by Caleb Stark, 1877, pages 34-42

(3) US Federal Militiary Pension File No. W.14936

(4) "A Well-Executed Failure - The Sullivan Campaign against the Iroquois, July-September 1779" by Joseph R. Fischer, 1997, pages 3, 86-93, & 139

(5) "The Vermont Historical Gazetteer:" Vol. II, by Abby Maria Hemenway, 1871, page 541

(6) "History of Franklin and Grand Isle Counties Vermont" by Lewis Cass Aldrick, 1891, page 649

(7) "History of the South Heroe Island being the Towns of South Hero and Grand Isle, Vermont" Vol. II, by Allen L. Stratton, 1980, pages 675-677
 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  Ruth Brown Hodgkins (1765 - 1848)
 
 Children:
  Samuel Hodgkins (1785 - 1872)*
  Mary B. Hodgkins (1793 - 1862)*
  John B Hodgkins (1796 - 1860)*
  William Hodgkins (1800 - 1877)*
  Carlisle Tyler Hodgkins (1803 - 1879)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Note: William Hodgkins' headstone is made from Isle La Mott "Black Marble". Note the many fossils visible. The stone's top has been broke off and is missing. Only a few unreadable words of the last line of the inscription remain.
 
Burial:
Grand Isle Cemetery
Grand Isle
Grand Isle County
Vermont, USA
 
Maintained by: VTSSAR
Originally Created by: Chazmanbsr
Record added: Sep 21, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 42203327
William Hodgkins
Added by: Chazmanbsr
 
William Hodgkins
Added by: Chazmanbsr
 
 
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- Susan
 Added: Apr. 9, 2013
Patriot - You Are Not Forgotten.
- Vermont Society Sons of the American Revolution
 Added: Jul. 20, 2012

- Bob and Mary Bramble Lynn
 Added: Feb. 25, 2010
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