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Pvt Henry Clay Layten
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Birth: Jan. 7, 1843
Deer Creek
Tazewell County
Illinois, USA
Death: Jul. 23, 1922
Tazewell County
Illinois, USA

Private HENRY CLAY LAYTEN, Co. G, 86th Illinois

Henry Clay Layten was born on January 7, 1843 at Deer Creek, Illinois in Tazewell County, the son of David T. Layton and Hannah Pierce (Pearse). The 1905 History of Tazewell County has the following about John Layten, the brother of Henry Clay Layten, and their parents;
John Layten, farmer, Deer Creek, was born in Tazewell County, July 3, 1845, the son of Daniel and Hannah (Pierce) Layten, natives of Monmouth County, N. J. The father was born April 10, 1808, and the mother June 11, 1805. They came from New Jersey to Illinois in the year 1837, being a month making the journey. Their first home was on Section 22, carpenter by trade, and this work, with his farming, occupied his attention until his death which occurred April 7, 1857. The mother died March 27, 1866...." The mortal remains of David and Hannah Layten were laid to rest in the Stumbaugh Cemetery between Deer Creek, Illinois and Goodfield, Illinois. Find a Grave has this cemetery in Woodford County, but it may actually be in Tazewell County.
Carol found one family record on the internet which has this information:
"David Layten, born April 9, 1808 in Monmouth County, New Jersey; died April 7, 1857 in Deer Creek, Tazewell County, Illinois. David was the son of Thomas S. Layton and Catherine Ellison. Thomas was married to Catherine Ellison on June 24, 1804 in Monmouth County, New Jersey. Catherine was born on August 29, 1785, the daughter of Lewis Ellison and Lydia (__________) Ellison. Catherine (Ellison) Layton died on April 7, 1836 in Howell Twp, Monmouth, New Jersey.
David married Hannah Pearce about 1827 in New Jersey. Hannah Pearce, born 1805; died 1866."
David Layten and Hannah (Pierce) Layten had the following children;
1. Ann Layten, born 1828-1886
2. Sarah Layten, born 1830-1854
3. Catherine Layten, born 1833-1917
4. Thomas Herman Layten, born July 17, 1835; died March 21, 1906; buried in the Mackinaw Township Cemetery in Mackinaw, Illinois.
5. John K. Layten, born February 19, 1838 in Tazewell County, Illinois; died July 17, 1841 in Tazewell County; buried in the Stumbaugh Cemetery near Goodfield, Illinois in Woodford County.
6. James P. Layten, born 1840-1840; James' earthly remains are most likely buried in the Stumbaugh Cemetery near his parents.
7. Henry Clay Layten, born January 7, 1843; died July 23, 1922; buried in the Mackinaw Township Cemetery.
8. John Fleming Layten, born July 3, 1845; died on __________ __, 1918; buried in the __________ Cemetery in __________, __________.
9. Mary Layten, born 1848-1855; Mary's mortal remains are almost certainly buried in the Stumbaugh Cemetery near those of her parents.

As stated above, the Layten family is believed to have come west to Illinois in 1837, settling in Deer Creek Township.
On the 1840 Federal census of Tazewell County, David Leighton is found with 9 members. David Layton and his family are listed in Tazewell County, Illinois in 1850. Carol told me that "in 1850, the townships were not listed; however, I do recognize some of the other names on the page and it places the Layten family somewhere between Deer Creek and Morton.
David Layton, 47, NJ, Farmer
Hannah Layton, 46
Catharine Layton, 18, NJ
Thomas Layton, 14, NJ
Henry Layton, 10, IL
John Layton, 6, IL
Mary Layton, 3, IL

There is a possibility that Henry C. Layten was married very young. When he volunteered in 1862, he is recorded as being married, but no record of a marriage has been found, so this may be an error.
On August 11, 1862 Henry C. Layten volunteered at Deer Creek, Illinois to serve in a company which was being raised in the Washington/Deer Creek/Morton area of Tazewell County by a Washington Photographer by the name of William B. Bogardus for service in the Union Army. His name was recorded as Layton.

Illinois Civil War Detail Report

Company G Unit 86 IL US INF

Personal Characteristics
Age 19 Height 5' 7 1/2
Complexion FAIR
Marital Status MARRIED
Occupation FARMER
Nativity IL

Service Record
Joined When AUG 11, 1862
Joined Where DEER CREEK, IL
Joined By Whom W B BOGARDUS
Period 3 YRS
Muster In AUG 27, 1862
Muster In Where CAMP PEORIA, IL
Muster In By Whom
Muster Out
Muster Out Where
Muster Out By Whom

When Bogardus had about 90 volunteers he led the Washington/Deer Creek/Morton volunteers into Peoria where they went into camp at Camp Lyon, near present day Glen Oak Park. On August 27, 1862, Bogardus and 87 of his volunteers, including now Private Henry C. Layten, were mustered into service as Co. G of the 86th Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Bogardus was elected Captain of Co. G by the men of the Washington/Deer Creek/Morton company.
On September 7, 1862, the men of the 85th & 86th Illinois marched out the gates of Camp Lyon, through the streets of Peoria, with much fanfare, and boarded trains bound for Camp Joe Holt, Jeffersonville, Indiana, which was llocated across the Ohio River from Louisville, Kentucky. Three weeks later, the men of the 85th & 86th were in the field in Kentucky as part of Col. Daniel McCook's Brigade in Union General Buell's army, in pursuit of Confederate troops in Kentucky who were under the command of General Braxton Bragg. On Oct. 8, 1862, the men of McCook's Brigade were engaged with those troops in the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, the 86th Illinois suffering their first casualties. There would be many more in the next few years.
After the Battle of Perryville, the Confederate troops withdrew from Kentucky while the men of McCook's Brigade marched on to Nashville, Tennessee, where they would go into winter camp. The men of McCook's Brigade marched into Nashville about November 9, 1862. They then crossed the river and went into camp at Edgefield, Tennessee. However, Private Henry C. Layten may have gone straight to an army hospital as he is believed to have been very ill by the time the 86th marched into Nashville.
The new diet and living conditions were very hard on the green troops. Even before the 86th had left the Louisville, Kentucky area, the new soldiers were having difficulty with their new way of life. When the 86th left the Louisville area, many soldiers were left behind sick in the hospitals there. After the Battle of Perryville, the men of McCook's Brigade passed through Bowling Green, Kentucky and then Gallatin, Tennessee. More troops were left behind in hospitals in these towns as well.
By the time McCook's Brigade arrived in Nashville, Private Henry C. Layten may have been sick and riding in one of the wagons.
The hospitals were full to overflowing that first fall and winter in Nashville and many of the more than 10,000 Union soldiers that are buried in the Nashville National Cemetery died during that first winter in the Nashville area. Whatever his ailment, the doctors soon realized that they best thing they could do for Private Henry C. Layten was to discharge him and send him home in hopes that with the help of family and some home cooking, he could survive his ailment and regain his strength. So on December 20, 1862, Private Henry C. Layten was discharged from the service and soon he was on his way home. Another member of Co. G, Private Benjamin Whisler, of Deer Creek, Illinois, was also discharged from the service from the hospital on December 20, 1862 and they may very well traveled back to Tazewell County together.
Henry survived his trip home and apparently with the help of family and that home cooking regained his health. His wife, however, if in fact he was married, appears to have died sometime before 1867 as it is recorded that on May 6, 1867, Henry C. Layten was married to Mary Marinda Matthews in Tazewell County, Illinois. Mary was born on January 23, 1844 in __________, __________, the daughter of __________ Matthews and __________ (__________) Matthews.
At least six children were born to Henry and Mary. They are;
1. Mary E. Layten, born c. 1869/70; Mary is almost certainly the Mary Elsie Layton who was married to Thomas B. Norris on January 21, 1890 in Tazewell County. This Mary E. Layton was born in 1870 and died in 1961 and is buried in the Mackinaw Township Cemetery.
2. Orville M. Layten, born c. 1871/72
3. Carrie Layten, born __________ __, 1873; married to Homer Parmele in Tazewell County. One Illinois record states this occurred on October 25, 1893, while another says it occurred on June 25, 1893; Carrie died on __________ __, 1945; buried in the Mackinaw Township Cemetery.
4. Etta Grace "Gracie" Layten, born June 3, 1877; Grace is believed to have been married to William T. Bailey, who died on November 19, 1903 and who is buried in the Mackinaw Township Cemetery; However, Grace is also recorded as having been married to Frank Sparks Jr. on August 12, 1895 in Tazewell County, so it is not known how this all works out; Grace died on __________ __, 1____; Grace may be buried in the Mackinaw Township Cemetery. Her name is on the marker of William T. Bailey, but her date of death was never engraved, so she may be buried elsewhere.
5. John A. Layten, born __________ __, 1878; died on __________ __, 1949; buried in the Mackinaw Township Cemetery.
6. Ralph Henry Layten, born c. May 20, 1885; died May 18, 1896; buried in the Mackinaw Township Cemetery.

At the time of the 1880 census, Henry and Mary are found in Mackinaw Township in Tazewell County, Illinois;
Henry C. Layten; age: 37; marital status: Married; occupation: Carpenter; birthplace: Illinois; spouse's name: Mary M. Layten; spouse's birthplace: Illinois; Household Gender Age Birthplace
Henry C. Layten, self, M 37 Illinois
Mary M. Layten, wife, F 36 Illinois
Mary E. Layten, daughter F 10 Illinois
Orville M. Layten, son M 8 Illinois
Carrie Layten, daughter F 6 Illinois
Gracie E. Layten, daughter F 3 Illinois
Johnie A. Layten, son M 1 Illinois

Mary Marinda (Matthews) Layten died on August 5, 1902 and her earthly remains were laid to rest in the Mackinaw Township Cemetery in Mackinaw, Illinois. Private Henry C. Layten lived another 20 years and died on July 23, 1922 in Mackinaw, Tazewell County, Illinois. His Illinois death record lists his occupation as a Retired Mechanic. His earthly remains were laid beside those of his wife of 45 years in the Mackinaw Township Cemetery.

by Baxter B. Fite III and Carol Dorward, of Washington, Illinois

(Baxter would love to hear from anyone, especially descendants of the Layten family, who might be able to add to the biographical material that we have on Henry C. Layten and the Layten family. Baxter would also love to see copies of any photographs of Henry C. Layten, that have survived the years, added to his Find A Grave site for all to see.)

Family links: 
  David T. Layten (1808 - 1857)
  Hannah Pierce Layten (1805 - 1866)
  Mary Marenda Mathews Layten (1844 - 1902)*
  Mary E. Layten Norris (1870 - 1961)*
  Carrie Layten Parmele (1873 - 1945)*
  Etta Grace Layten Bailey (1877 - ____)*
  John A Layten (1878 - 1949)*
  James Edward Layten (1883 - 1953)*
  Ralph Henry Layten (1885 - 1896)*
  Thomas Layten (1835 - 1906)*
  John K. Layten (1838 - 1841)*
  James P. Layten (1840 - 1840)*
  Henry Clay Layten (1843 - 1922)
  Mary Layten (1848 - 1855)*
*Calculated relationship
Mackinaw Township Cemetery
Tazewell County
Illinois, USA
Created by: Baxter B. Fite III
Record added: Jul 13, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 54884193
Pvt Henry Clay Layten
Added by: CWH
Pvt Henry Clay Layten
Cemetery Photo
Added by: CWH
Photos may be scaled.
Click on image for full size.

Dear Private Henry Clay Layten, In Remembrance, Thank you for your service. [Family connection through my maternal lineage]
- Dorothy Hazel Tarr
 Added: Nov. 10, 2012

 Added: Oct. 18, 2010

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