|Birth: ||Aug. 16, 1786, France|
|Death: ||Apr. 4, 1851|
Jean Elizabeth Francois Georges Newman (alias: Captain Francis Newman) Born in France in 1786. Commissioned U.S. Army artillery in 1803. Moved to Louisiana, USA 1803. Married 1st to Barbara Antonia Ronquillo (Spanish Creole) in 1804, widowed in 1815, and remarried in 1823 to Marie Manuela Solís (Spanish Creole, 1st cousin to 1st wife). Had 14 children in total; 12 daughters and 2 sons.
Francis Newman was a regular army captain of artillery when the War of 1812 came to New Orleans. For most of his career in Louisiana (since 1803) Newman had been under the command of Major General James Wilkinson. But, the outbreak of the war sent Wilkinson into Canada, defeat, and relief from any command. Meanwhile, Andrew Jackson, more of a politician than a general, was given command of the western frontiers of the United States, which included New Orleans. Jackson and Louisiana Governor William C.C. Claiborne were old and bitter rivals. Both had applied for appointment as Governor of Louisiana from President Thomas Jefferson. Upon arrival in Louisiana, Jackson marshaled the small regular army forces in the area and sent Captain Newman to command Fort Petit Coquilles guarding the most likely avenue of British advance upon the city. Then Jackson sent the following orders to Newman before the battle; "Defend your fort to the last extreme," ordered the general, "and in case you should not be able to hold out, spike you guns, blow up the fort and evacuate to Post Chef Menteur." [Ft. Pike-brochure]
Even after the battle, Jackson apparently still considered Newman and his position critical as is seen in the following record from the published collection of his letters.
Jackson MSS: Letter Book I, page 31,
Captain Newman, of the artillery, commanded at Fort Petit Coquilles.
To Captain Francis Newman New Orleans, March 9, 1815.
Sir. The General [Andrew Jackson] has not been advised of the existance of a peace as you have been informed Officially. He recd. By an express sent from the City of Washington on the 14th Ultimo a letter from the Post Master General stating that the bearer was charged with dispatches relative to a peace. Yet these dispatches did not arrive, but on the contrary a letter from the Secretary of war dated 13th Ulto. Ordering him to raise two regimen[ts] for the defense of the 7th M.D. agreeably to an act of Congress inclosed; It is probable that this letter may have been forwarded instead of the One intended, but the General directs that you continue to exercise the utmost Vigilence to prevent passage of any Vessell by your fort without his permission, and to guard against a Surprise. So soon as the General is officially advised of the existance of a peace you will be permitted, to visit the city. You will make out and forward to head Quarters a return for the number of Tents necessary to Cover your men.
I am respectfully By Command
Thos L. Butler aid-De-Camp
[Note: 7th M.D. = 7th Military District]
Saint Louis Cemetery Number 1
Plot: Alley 5 left Lot 16 facing Liberty Street
Created by: Kay Alpaugh
Record added: Nov 25, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 120826217
Thanks for your service defending our country. Chuck & Teddy Burt|
Added: Oct. 27, 2015