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Col Samuel Newitt Wood
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Birth: Dec. 30, 1825
Mount Gilead
Morrow County
Ohio, USA
Death: Jun. 23, 1891
Stevens County
Kansas, USA

Samuel Newitt Wood (1825-1891) - Free-State advocate and politician, he was born at Mount Gilead, Ohio on December 30, 1825, the son of Quaker parents, from whom he gained his anti-slavery sentiments at an early age. He went to public schools and while still a young man, became greatly interested in politics. In 1844, although too young to vote, he was Chairman of the Liberal Party Central Committee of his county. Four years later he supported Martin Van Buren, the Free-soil candidate for president.

One of the lines of the Underground Railroad passed near his home in Ohio and Wood was one of the conductors on the route. In 1849, on his return from a trip with some freed slaves, he made the acquaintance of his future wife, Margaret W. Lyon. He taught school and at the same time, read law and was admitted to the bar on June 4, 1854.

Long before that time he had determined to cast his lot with Kansas to assist in her admission to the Union, free from the taint of slavery, and two days after being admitted to practice, he was on his way to the territory. Early in July, he settled on a claim four miles west of Lawrence. He immediately entered into the political and social life of the area and became an acknowledged local leader of the Free-State Party.

He was one of the men who rescued Jacob Branson from Sheriff Jones, an act which brought on the Wakarusa War. He was a delegate to the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Convention which organized the Republican Party in 1856, to the Philadelphia Convention the same year, and to the Leavenworth Constitutional Convention in 1858.

The following year he moved to Chase County, represented Chase, Morris and Madison Counties in the Territorial Legislatures of 1860 and 1861, was a member of the first State Senate in 1861 and again in 1867, a member of the House in 1864, 1866, 1876 and 1877, and speaker during most of the last session.

In 1864, he was appointed Brigadier-General of the Kansas State Militia, and in 1867 Judge of the 9th Judicial District. For two years he was in Texas, was one of the original stockholders of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, was part owner of the Kansas Tribune of Lawrence in the 1850s, established the first newspaper at Cottonwood Falls -- the Kansas Press; and at Council Grove -- the Council Grove Press. He was later connected with the Kansas Greenbacker of Emporia, the Topeka State Journal, the Woodsdale Democrat and the Woodsdale Sentinel of Stevens County.

In 1865, he was introduced to Mary Ann Hatten White a local school teacher who was involved in a desegregation-of-the-classroom incident at Council Grove.

He was always a reformer or a progressive in politics, and was a member of the Republican, Greenback, Labor and Populist parties. He was killed on June 23, 1891, by James Brennan, as the result of a vicious county seat fight referred to as the Stevens County War in southwest Kansas.

Biography from: LEGENDS OF KANSAS 
Family links: 
  David Wood (1792 - 1847)
  Esther Ward Mosher Wood (1798 - 1864)
  Margaret Walker Lyon Wood (1830 - 1919)*
  David Walker Wood (1851 - 1944)*
  William Lyon Wood (1853 - 1927)*
  Florence Sarah Wood Abbott (1857 - 1936)*
  Mary Elizabeth Wood (1865 - 1879)*
  Asa Mosher Wood (1820 - 1821)*
  Abigail Mosher Wood Townsend (1821 - 1910)*
  Phebe B Wood Paxson (1822 - 1885)*
  Joseph Mosher Wood (1824 - 1886)*
  Samuel Newitt Wood (1825 - 1891)
  Jonathan Wood (1828 - 1911)*
  Hannah B. M. Wood (1830 - 1832)*
  Stephen Mosher Wood (1832 - 1920)*
  Asa Mosher Wood (1834 - 1905)*
  Ruth Theresa Wood Pierce (1835 - 1910)*
  David John Mosher Wood (1840 - 1918)*
*Calculated relationship
With the peace of God, rest old Pioneer
Prairie Grove Cemetery
Cottonwood Falls
Chase County
Kansas, USA
Created by: Jason Townsend
Record added: Aug 13, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 40623670
Col Samuel Newitt Wood
Added by: Jason Townsend
Col Samuel Newitt Wood
Added by: Janice
Col Samuel Newitt Wood
Added by: David Aspelin
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Angel Day Blessings.
- Marlene
 Added: Jun. 23, 2016

- James Wright
 Added: Jun. 23, 2016

- Esther Kinder
 Added: Jun. 22, 2016
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