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Col Peter Cheves Gaillard
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Birth: Dec. 29, 1812
Death: Jan. 11, 1889

Civil War Confederate Officer. Peter Cheves Gaillard (additional sources indicates his middle name as Charles) was a South Carolina native. On September 1, 1831, he entered the United States Military Academy at West Point as a cadet, and was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 1st United States Infantry upon graduating from this institute in July of 1835. He served in the United States Army until his resignation in 1838. At the onset of the American Civil War in 1861, he was an attorney in Charleston. With prior state service as captain of the Phoenix Rifles (a command consisting of former firemen of the Phoenix Fire Company), with subsequent service as colonel of the 17th Regiment, South Carolina Militia, he was instrumental in the recruiting and organization of what became the 1st (Charleston) Battalion, or Gaillard's Battalion. Raised in early 1862, the Battalion was mustered into state service in February of that year, followed by the mustering into Confederate service beginning in March of 1862. Commissioned a lieutenant colonel at this time, he was re-elected to this rank during the Confederate reorganization in May of 1862. During the June 16, 1862 battle of Seccessionville on James Island, SC, he received a slight wound to his knee. As part of the garrison of Battery Wagner on Morris Island, he suffered more severe wounds to his leg and left arm. The injury to his arm resulted in the amputation of his hand, and would crippled his health throughout the remainder of the war. He was promoted to colonel of the newly organized 27th Regiment South Carolina Infantry in October of 1863 (his Battalion was merged into this new regiment). At Petersburg in June of 1864, he was required to leave field service to convalesce from the yet healed Battery Wagner's wound. He returned to participate in the action at Weldon Railroad where he was captured on July 21, 1864, but later regained his freedom by escaping. Throughout this time, his Battery Wagner injuries persisted. In March of 1865, a medical examining board found Gaillaird unfit for further field service, and upon their recommendations, he was retired to the Invalid Corps. 
Family links: 
  Alice A. Gaillard Palmer (1839 - 1912)*
  Lucy Gaillard (1847 - 1937)*
  Ella Gaillard (1853 - 1939)*
*Calculated relationship
Magnolia Cemetery
Charleston County
South Carolina, USA
Created by: Stonewall
Record added: Sep 28, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 7919240
Col Peter Cheves Gaillard
Added by: Saratoga
Col Peter Cheves Gaillard
Added by: Stonewall
Col Peter Cheves Gaillard
Added by: Stonewall
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- Bill Thayer (History of West Point)
 Added: Aug. 10, 2010

- Robert Mitchell
 Added: Aug. 27, 2009

- ditdit
 Added: Aug. 26, 2009
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