|Birth: ||1591, France|
|Death: ||Apr. 24, 1657|
Nicholas Martiau was from a family of French Protestants that had taken refuge in Belgium, because of their religious beliefs, sailed from England in the Spring of the year 1620 on the vessel "Francis Bona Venture". He settled upon a tract of land 1,300 acres along the York river.
Nicholas Martiau was an ancestor to General George Washinton (1st president of the United States) who commanded the continential army, General Nelson, who commanded the Virginia forces at the seige of Yorktown.
Information from "Tyler's quarterly historical genealogical magazine vol 1" pg 53. He was a member of the Virginia House of Burgess in 1624 and took part in laying the foundations of the Rupublicon an enduring basic. pg 55.
Nicholas Martiau married Jane Berkeley widow of John Berkeley having lost his life in the Indian Massacre of 1622.
Nicholas Martiau raised his step daughter Jane, and had four children of his own wit Jane.
His son Nicholas Jr. died before reaching maturity. One daughter Sarah, married Captain William Fuller, the Governor of Maryland another daughter, Mary, married Colonel John Scasbrook, a leader in the Bacon Rebellion.
The third daughter Elizabeth, married Colonel George Reade who in 1637 was Secretary of the Colony and in 1638 was acting Governor. It is through Elizabeth and George Reade that Washington traces his ancestry to Martiau, for the Reade daughter Mildred, married Augustine Warner II; the Warners daughter Mildred married Lawrence Washington; the Washingtons son, Augustine, married Mary Ball who was the mother of George Washington. Captain Nicholas Martiau thus became the great-great-great-grandfather of the First president.
Information from "Colonial Yorktown" by Clyde f. Trudell pg 41.
Belated recognition was given the memory of "Captain Nich" in 1931 when a monument was dedicated in Yorktown to his everlasting glory. The dedication address was delivered by General John J. Pershing. the monument was desigend by the eminent Philadelphia architect, Paul Cret, and consists of an eleven foot shaft of Vermont granite bearing a bronze tablet with this inscription under the Grand Cross of the Huguenots.
:Site of the home of Nicholas Martiau the adventurous Huguenot he was born in France 1591 came to Virginia 1620 and died at Yorktown 1657. He was a Captain in the Indian uprising a member of the House of Burgesses Justice of the court of York in 1635 a leader in the thrusting out of Governor Harvey.Which was the first opposition in the British Colonial policy. the original Patentee for Yorktown and through the marriage of his daughter Elizabeth to col. George Read he became the earliest American ancestor of both Gen. George Washington and Governor Thomas Nelson.
Marked by the Huguenot Society of Pennsylvania in cooperation with the National Federation of Huguenot Socieies and the Yorktown Sesqui-Centennial Commission. 1931. Pg 41,42.
Martiau's home is on Lot no. 16 of Ballard Street.
Jane Berkeley Martiau (1591 - 1630)*
Created by: Liz
Record added: Sep 20, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 58965271