|Birth: ||Mar. 22, 1903|
|Death: ||Nov. 21, 1985|
His Eminence, The Most Reverend Metropolitan Philaret Voznesensky of New York, the First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia, was born in Kursk, Russia, to Father Nicholas Voznesensky and his wife Lydia Vasilievna. In 1909, his family moved to Blagoveschensk on the Amur River in Siberia. In 1920, George graduated from the local gymnasium. Later, in the midst of the Russian Civil War, his family moved to Harbin, Manchuria. In 1921, his mother died, and his father accepted tonsure as a Monk with the name Dimitri. Dimitri later became Archbishop of Hailar. He died in 1947, shortly after he repatriated to the Soviet Union.
Living in Harbin, George entered the Russo - Chinese Polytechnic Institute from which he graduated in 1927, as an electromechanical engineer. He then began studies in pastoral theology in what became the Theology Department of the University of St. Vladimir. In 1930, George was ordained a Deacon. In 1931, he graduated from St. Vladimir University and was tonsured a Monk with the name Philaret. In 1932, he was ordained a Hieromonk. In 1937, he was elevated to Igumen and to the rank of Archimandrite. During this period he was also a Professor of New Testament, Pastoral Theology, and Homiletics at St. Vladimir University.
In 1945, after the Communist Chinese and Soviet forces took over Manchuria at the end of the Second World War, Archimandrite Philaret remained with the Orthodox believers in Manchuria, but he firmly rejected all attempts to get him to accept a Soviet passport. Further, he fearlessly denounced the atheistic Communists. His overt position against the soviets placed him in great personal danger. Their hatred of him resulted in an attempt to burn him alive in his monastic cell. He escaped, but suffered severe burns.
In 1962, the Synod of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia was able to acquire a exit visa for Archimandrite Philaret that allowed him to reach Hong Kong. From there he quickly traveled to Brisbane, Australia, where many of his former flock in Manchuria had settled. After his arrival in Brisbane, his followers petition the Synod of ROCOR to appoint him their Bishop. With the active support of the ailing Archbishop Sava of Sydney, Archim. Philaret became Bishop of Brisbane, Vicar of the Australian Diocese. He was consecrated by Archbishop Sava and Bishop Anthony of Melbourne on May 26, 1963.
In 1964, Bp. Philaret represented Abp. Sava at a meeting of the Council of Bishops of ROCOR in which the First Hierarch Metropolitan Anastassy announced his resignation. As the youngest Bishop among those at the council, the Council elected Bp. Philaret the Successor to Metropolitan Anastassy. Metr. Philaret was enthroned First Hierarch of ROCOR on May 14, 1964.
Metropolitan Philaret served as the First Hierarch of ROCOR for twenty one years. He reposed on November 21, 1985, and was buried in the Cemetery of the Church of Dormition. In November 1998, the Synod decided to transfer Metropolitan Philaret's relics to to a new vault under the Altar of Holy Trinity Cathedral at Jordanville, New York. When his tomb was opened, his relics were found to be incorrupt.
On October 23, 2009, Metropolitan Philaret was glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad at Holy Transfiguration Skete. This was previously done by the True Orthodox Church of Greece on May 19 – 20, 2001.
Holy Trinity Orthodox Monastery
New York, USA
Plot: Beneath The Main Altar.
Created by: Eman Bonnici
Record added: Feb 22, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 65992161