|Birth: ||Jul. 18, 1810|
|Death: ||Dec. 11, 1872|
Friar Alexandre Vincent Jandel OP., was a French Dominican, who became the 73rd Master of the Order of Preachers.
Born in Gerbéviller, Lorraine, France, on July 18, 1810, following a College Course at Nancy, the eldest of three children, he received the names John, Joseph and Alexander on his baptism. After receiving his early education under the Brothers of the Christian Schools of Nancy, he entered the Diocesan Seminary there, concluding his studies in Switzerland, where he stayed for three years due to the 1830 Revolution in France. Ordained to the Priesthood on September 20, 1834, by Bishop François Besson of Metz, he was appointed Professor of Holy Scriptures, and soon afterwards Rector of the Seminary at Pont-à-Mousson, at this time he became acquainted with Eugène Bautain, Olympe-Philippe Gerbet, Marie-Alphonse Ratisbonne, and many other distinguished men, among them Jean-Baptiste Henri Lacordaire. Such was the impression made on him by Lacordaire that he began to think of entering the Dominican Order. The great Preacher proposed to restore it in France, where it had been destroyed by the French Revolution.
In 1839, Jandel therefore went to Rome, consulted Pope Gregory XVI on the matter, and finally received the Habit on May 15, 1841. Two years afterwards Jandel and Lacordaire commenced the work of re-establishing their Order in France. Lacordaire was an Orator and Jandel was a ruler of men, calm, grave, sagacious, tenacious of traditions and customs, and pre-eminently practical. Though he had not the genius of his associate, he preached with great results. It is told how a Sermon at Lyon on the power of the Cross led to his being challenged by a Freemason to prove the truth of his words in the lodge. He entered it, produced his Crucifix, and made the sign of the Cross. Instantly the lights were extinguished, the furniture was thrown about, and all but he fled in terror from the scene of confusion.
Many persons in France placed themselves under his guidance. Pope Pius IX, however, called him to Rome, and made him in 1850, Vicar General of the Order Ad Beneplacitum, and in 1855, General for six years. He was soon recognized as a great Religious Superior and one of the most enlightened Spiritual Directors in the City. Of those whom he instructed at this time, two may be mentioned: Cardinal Manning and Father Burke.
A born Administrator, he infused new life into the order. Several Provinces were re-established, and Houses opened everywhere. The Dominican Nuns and Tertiaries were also indebted to his zeal. He also did much to promote devotion to the Rosary and to propagate the doctrine of Saint Thomas Aquinas. Such were the services he rendered to the Holy See especially as regarded the Zouaves, that Pius IX, who was warmly attached to him, intended to make him a Cardinal, but he was elected Minister General of the Order for the third time, on June 7, 1862, succeeding Friar Vincenzo Ajello.
He visited Ireland twice, and only weak health prevented him from visiting America. New editions of Liturgical Books and of the Constitutions formed part of his characteristic work. He also paid great attention to Foreign Missions. During his term of Office, sixteen Dominicans were beatified or canonized. He presided at two Chapters of the Order, and he is considered as one of its greatest Generals.
Jandel died in Rome, on December 11, 1872, after a long history of frail health. He returned to Rome after a brief sojourn in Switzerland, where, passing whole nights without sleep, he continued to say Mass only with the utmost difficulty. Vomiting blood, he passed away reciting the words, "Jesus, Mary". According to an old tradition, his funeral mass, which took place at the Basilica of Santa Maria sopra Minerva, was celebrated by the Minor Observant Friars, with the Dominican Friars assisting from the Choir. Buried at the Campo Verano Cemetery of Rome, inside the Chapel of the Order of Preachers. He was succeeded by Friar Giuseppe M. Sanvito OP., as Master General of the Order.
Cimitero Comunale Monumentale Campo Verano
Provincia di Roma
Plot: Cappella dei Frati Domenicani.
Created by: Eman Bonnici
Record added: Aug 30, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 29418919
"O wonderful hope which you gave to those who wept for you at the hour of your death, promising after your departure to be helpful to your brethren. Fulfill, Father, what you have said and help us by your prayers. You who shone by so many miracles worked ...(Read more)|
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