|Birth: ||Nov. 9, 1903|
|Death: ||May 30, 1996|
Léon-Etienne Cardinal Duval was a French Prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Algiers in Algeria from 1954 until 1988, and was elevated to the Cardinalate in 1965.
Léon-Etienne Duval was born in Annecy, France on November 9, 1903, and there attended the Seminary before going to Rome, where he studied alongside Future Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, Founder of the SSPX at the Pontifical French Seminary. He was ordained to the Priesthood on December 18, 1926, and performed did pastoral work in Annecy until 1942, whilst teaching at the Seminary and serving as Director of Works. During World War II, Duval supported the French Resistance and was wary of the Vichy Regime. He was named an Honorary Canon and Vicar General of Algiers in 1942, a position he kept until 1946, when of November 3, he was appointed Bishop of the Diocese of Constantine - Hippone by Pope Pius XII. He received his Episcopal Consecration at the age of 43, on February 11, 1947, from Bishop Auguste-Léon-Alexis Cesbron, assisted by Bishops Raoul Octove-Marie-Jean Harscouêt and Léon-Albert Terrier. Msgr. Duval was later named Archbishop of the Metropolitan See of Algiers on February 3, 1954.
Duval championed the Independence of Algeria, and encouraged peace among Muslims, Christians, and Jews. In early 1962, he denounced the urban warfare that occurred during the Algerian War as "An Offence Against God, to the anger of the pieds-noirs of his flock, who subsequently called him "Mohammed Duval." Attending the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1965, Duval, assisted by Cardinals Julius Döpfner and Raul Silva, he delivered one of the closing messages of the Council on December 8, 1965. He also served as President of the North African Episcopal Conference from 1963 to 1988. He was opposed to Action Française, which supported establishing Catholicism as the State Religion, because he believed that Faith and Politics should remain separate. As Duval was a schoolmate of the Traditionalist Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre in August 1976, Duval urged him to fully submit himself to the authority of the Pope.
Pope Paul VI created him Cardinal Priest with the Title of Santa Balbina in the Consistory of February 22, 1965, at the age of 61. Duval was one of the Cardinal Electors who participated in the Conclaves of August and October 1978, which selected Popes John Paul I and John Paul II respectively. He occupied Room 86 at the Cardinal Electors's Residence for the August 1978 Conclave, sharing a shower with Cardinals Leo - Jozef Suenens, Raul Silva, and Juan Landazuri Ricketts OFM.,
Because of his humanitarian and anti-imperialist works, the Cardinal was chosen by the Revolutionary Council as one of four Clergymen who would visit the hostages held in the American Embassy in Tehran on Christmas Day 1979. On April 19, 1988, he resigned from his Episcopate, after thirty-four years of service.
Cardinal Duval died in Algiers, at the venerable age of 92, on May 30, 1996. He is found buried inside the Basilique de Notre-Dame d'Afrique of that same City. Following his demise, Pope John Paul II remarked that, "He will remain a light and an encouragement on a long and difficult road at a moment in which the Christian community in Algeria is facing testing times".
Basilique de Notre-Dame d'Afrique
Created by: Eman Bonnici
Record added: Apr 30, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 26503317
It Was You, O God, Who Made Your Servant Cardinal Duval, A Successor Of The Apostles By Raising Him To The Episcopal Order. May He Also Be Associated With Them Forever. We Ask This Through Our Lord, Jesus Christ, Your Son. Amen.|
Added: Aug. 30, 2012
"Now thank we all our God, with heart and hands and voices,Who wondrous things has done, in Whom this world rejoices;Who from our mothers' arms has blessed us on our wayWith countless gifts of love, and still is ours today.O may this bounteous God through...(Read more)|
Barbara Elsie Feist Stienstra
Added: Jul. 8, 2008
to always be remembered|
Christine Haus & Mum (Adele Swiontek)
Added: Jul. 7, 2008
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