Killed in battle of Argonne, France CO E 309 INF 78 DIV WWI
The American Legion in Frewsburg is known as the Samuel Derby Post
Name: Samuel L Derby Event Type: Census Event Year: 1910 Event Place: Carroll, Chautauqua, New York, United States Gender: Male Age: 15 Marital Status: Single Race: White Race (Original): White Relationship to Head of Household: Son Relationship to Head of Household (Original): Son Birth Year (Estimated): 1895 Birthplace: Pennsylvania Father's Birthplace: New York Mother's Birthplace: New York Household Role Gender Age Birthplace Silas L Derby Head M 58 New York Celia A Derby Wife F 56 New York Samuel L Derby Son M 15 Pennsylvania District: 106 , Sheet Number and Letter: 7B , Household ID: 144 , Affiliate Name: The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) , Affiliate Publication Number: M1283 , GS Film number: 1374942 , Digital Folder Number: 004449931 , Image Number: 00081 ---------- Samuel Derby ------------ World War I Private James W. Brown of the United States Army's 78th Infantry Division. He was part of the 308 Supply Company Field Artillery during World War I. The photo was taken somewhere in France during his tour in the war
The 78th Infantry Division of the United States Army was activated on 23 August 1917 at Camp Dix, New Jersey. It consisted of four Infantry Regiments – the 309th, 310th, 311th and 312th and three Artillery Regiments – the 307th, 308th and 309th.
The division was originally allocated to New York and northern Pennsylvania in the National Army plan. Whilst the HQ of the 78th Division was activated in August, with the first draftees arriving in September, it was not fully active until early 1918. It was transported to France in May and June 1918.
In France, during the summer and fall of 1918, it was the "point of the wedge" of the final offensive which knocked out Germany. The 78th was in three major campaigns during World War I – Meuse-Argonne, St. Mihiel, and Lorraine. Demobilization at the end of the war took place in June 1919.
HQ, 78th Division was returned to the Organized Reserve List, and reallocated to the Second US Corps in Spring of 1921, with its area of allocation changed to New Jersey and Delaware.
Activated: 27 August 1917. Overseas: May 1918. Major Operations: Meuse-Argonne, St. Mihiel. Roll of Honor: two Medal of Honor recipients Casualties: Total-7,144 (KIA-1,169; WIA-5,975). Commanders: Maj. Gen. C. W. Kennedy (23 August 1917), Brig. Gen. J. S. Mallory (28 November 1917), Brig. Gen. James T. Dean (28 December 1917), Maj. Gen. Hugh L. Scott (2 January 1918), Brig. Gen. James T. Dean (16 March 1918), Maj. Gen. J. H. McRae (20 April 1918). Inactivated: June 1919.