Jul. 4, 1934 Passy Departement de la Haute-Savoie Rhône-Alpes, France
Scientist. She had degrees in mathematics and physics and was the first woman in Europe to receive her doctorate of science. In 1903, she became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize for Physics for the co-discovery (jointly awarded to Curie, her husband Pierre, and Henri Becquerel) of radioactivity. In 1906, she became the first female lecturer, professor and head of Laboratory at the Sorbonne University in Paris. In 1911, she won an unprecedented second Nobel Prize for Chemistry for her discovery of radium and polonium, the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of radium. Her eldest daughter, Irene Joliot-Curie also won a Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1935, the year after Marie Curie died. In 1995, she was the first woman laid to rest under the famous dome of the Pantheon in Paris on her own merits.