|Birth: ||Aug., 1838|
|Death: ||Jan. 5, 1863|
STONES RIVER NATIONAL BATTLEFIELD INDEX:
LAST NAME: TAYLOR
FIRST NAME: PHILLIP
MIDDLE NAME: E
REGIMENT: 18TH INFANTRY
DATE OF BIRTH: N/A
DATE OF DEATH: 01-05-1863
PLACE OF DEATH: MURFREESBORO
GRAVE NUMBER: REPATRIATED
THE INFORMATION GIVEN THE TAYLOR FAMILY INDICATED THAT CAPTAIN TAYLOR DIED ON JANUARY 1, 1863. CAPTAIN TAYLOR WAS ACTUALLY WOUNDED IN BATTLE ON JANUARY 1, 1863. HE DIED FROM HIS WOUNDS JANUARY 5, 1863.
The Battle of Stones River was one of the bloodiest of the war. More than 3,000 men lay dead on the field. Nearly 16,000 more were wounded. Some of these men spent as much as seven agonizing days on the battlefield before help could reach them. The two armies sustained nearly 24,000 casualties, which was almost one-third of the 81,000 men engaged.
The Battle of Stones River or Second Battle of Murfreesboro (in the South, simply the Battle of Murfreesboro), was fought from December 31, 1862, to January 2, 1863, in Middle Tennessee, as the culmination of the Stones River Campaign in the Western Theater of the American Civil War.
Of the major battles of the Civil War, Stones River had the highest percentage of casualties on both sides. Although the battle itself was inconclusive, the Union Army's repulse of two Confederate attacks and the subsequent Confederate withdrawal were a much-needed boost to Union morale after the defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg, and it dashed Confederate aspirations for control of Middle Tennessee.
Union Maj. Gen. William S. Rosecrans's Army of the Cumberland marched from Nashville, Tennessee, on December 26, 1862, to challenge General Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee at Murfreesboro. On December 31, each army commander planned to attack his opponent's right flank, but Bragg struck first. A massive assault by the corps of Maj. Gen. William J. Hardee, followed by that of Leonidas Polk, overran the wing commanded by Maj. Gen. Alexander M. McCook. A stout defense by the division of Brig. Gen. Philip Sheridan in the right center of the line prevented a total collapse and the Union assumed a tight defensive position backing up to the Nashville Turnpike.
Repeated Confederate attacks were repulsed from this concentrated line, most notably in the cedar "Round Forest" salient against the brigade of Col. William B. Hazen. Bragg attempted to continue the assault with the corps of Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge, but the troops were slow in arriving and their multiple piecemeal attacks failed.
Fighting resumed on January 2, 1863, when Bragg ordered Breckinridge to assault the well-fortified Union position on a hill to the east of the Stones River. Faced with overwhelming artillery, the Confederates were repulsed with heavy losses. Aware that Rosecrans was receiving reinforcements, Bragg chose to withdraw his army on January 3 to Tullahoma, Tennessee.
Note: AT THE TIME OF HIS DEATH, CAPTAIN TAYLOR WAS SERVING AS COMMANDING OFFICER, COMPANY "E" 18th OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY - GAR
Old Baptist Cemetery
Maintained by: Thomas L. Smallridge, Jr...
Originally Created by: Zoe Tom
Record added: Mar 29, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 67605747
God Bless You Captain Taylor and Thank You For Your Service And The Ultimate Sacrifice You Made For Your Nation.|
Thomas L. Smallridge, Jr.
Added: Apr. 5, 2011