|Death: ||Apr., 1915|
Civilian casualty of the Great War,Dorothy, aged 16/17, was killed in an explosion at Poyle Powder Mills. She was assistant to the young manager,Cogswell Edgar Harrison aged 22, also killed in this incident.[He was the only son of Edgar Harrison. Cogswell & Harrison were a gunsmmiths of some renown.]
Her sister was one of the four injured employees.
Deaths Jun 1915 Moss Dorothy 17 Staines 3a 18
During the First World War, women played an active and crucial role in Britain's war effort.The women employed in munitions factories, [known as munitionettes] became the most visible face of women workers.The immediate result of the war's outbreak was the rise in female unemployment, especially amongst domestic servants. This was in part due to the middle-classes wishing to economise as a result of war.In 1915, the British Government passed the Munitions of War Act, which brought private companies supplying the Armed Forces under the Ministry of Munitions. The Act combined with the Ministry regulated wages, hours and employment conditions. It was a penal offence for a worker to leave his or her job at a ‘Controlled Establishment' without the consent of their employer. This was in most cases, extremely difficult to obtain.The attractions for the women were higher wages, better conditions and greater independence. It is apparent that very few women would return to the poor wages and conditions of domestic service. The fact that this ‘home front' employment was just as dangerous as the Front Line provided a bond with the men serving at the front.The Government combined a welfare policy offering subsidies to families with husbands at the Front with increasing female work in order to conscript skilled workers.
The women became known as canaries because the the Picric acid in the High Explosive they filled the shells with caused yellowing of the skin.
Australian munitions workers who came to Britain to work and who died as a result of this employment were given full war grave status at the insistence of their government. British workers are not commemorated, not even as Civilian War Dead;no official records of WWI civilian war dead were maintained.
Note: Interred April 21st.
Horton, St Michael Churchyard
Windsor and Maidenhead Royal Borough
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: geoffrey gillon
Record added: Mar 27, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 107385261