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John Newton Campbell
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Birth: Apr. 20, 1833
White County
Tennessee, USA
Death: Jul. 29, 1916
Adair County
Kentucky, USA

John Newton Campbell was born April 20, 1833, in Sparta, White County, Tennessee, to William Pickett Campbell and Lucy Jane Allison. A few years before the Civil War began, they moved their family of 10 children to Kentucky. There John met and married 20 year old Margaret Jane Loveall on May 24, 1863. He was 30 years old. They had 1 son, and three daughters, one of which was stillborn. The children from that union are: Martha, DOB unknown, stillborn; Mary Isabell, March 16, 1864; Susan Rebecca "Becky", 22 August, 1866; and Napoleon Bonaparte, September 22, 1870. All of the children were born in Adair County, Kentucky.

At the beginning of the Civil War, John Newton enlisted in the Union Army as a Pvt. He was assigned to the 13th Regiment, Kentucky Infantry, Co.B. His enlistment was for three years. On April 7, 1861, the second day of battle, he was wounded at the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee, better known as the Battle of Shiloh, one of the decisive battles in the Civil War. John Newton was probably shot around noon, as that is when some of the heaviest action took place in his unit. He was one of 377 men wounded from his division of 3,825 men. His division was very fortunate to only lose 465 men from action on that day. The other divisions faired much more poorly. His brothers Raleigh, Bird, and Jasper also fought in the war, but little is known about them at this time.

John Newton suffered a gunshot wound to the right shoulder and arm, with the ball passing through the upper third of the arm and into the body under the scapula, resulting in partial paralysis of the right hand. He was furloughed after several months in the hospital in St. Louis, Missouri. In February, 1863, he was declared unfit for the duties of a soldier as he had lost the use of the entire limb. On February 25, 1863, he received a medical discharge from the army in Louisville, Kentucky.

John Newton was described on his certificate of disability for discharge from the Army as 5 foot 10 inches tall, fair complexion, blue eyes, red hair, and by occupation when enlisted, a farmer.

On August 18, 1863, he applied for an Invalid Pension. His name is signed with an x and witnessed by his father, William P. Campbell, and William Powell. On March 22, 1884, at the age of 48, he applied for an increase in pension from $18 to $24 per month due to an aggravated form of his disability.

Martha Jane died June 3, 1872, and John remarried on April 18, 1877, to Louisa Jane Whited, the niece to his daughter-in-law, Martha Delph Hadley. They had one daughter from that union; Rosetta. Louisa preceded him in death in 1907.

On February 23, 1892, at the age of 55, John reapplied for pension increase due to a worsening of his condition because of rheumatism. This ailment caused great pain and prevented him from doing any kind of work without intense suffering. He stated that the exposure to the elements during the march to Shiloh and on the battlefield caused the rheumatism.

On July 12, 1897, John, at the age of 65, applied for re-issue of Invalid Pension according to new legislation. He stated that he had a gunshot wound in his right arm and could hardly work with it, and that the pain was also in his right side, hip and leg causing great difficulty and pain in the act of walking.

On August 25, 1916, James R. Cook, son-in-law of John and husband to Rosetta, applied for reimbursement for the accrued pension for expenses paid in the last illness, death, and burial of John Newton. J. G. Burton and John Rooks made their marks on the document as witnesses. The attending physicians, Drs. Flowers and Combest, charged $67 for burial and medical fees. The document states that John Newton was sick about 1 year before his death, and required daily attendance constantly for the last 4 months before his death. He died in the home of his daughter, Rosetta and her husband, James R. Cook, in Kerns, Kentucky, on Saturday, July 29, 1916, at 4:00 a.m., as was noted in The Adair County News on August 16, 1916. He is buried in the Hadley Cemetery, Sano, Adair County, Kentucky, along with Rosetta, her husband, and her son George.

A great-granddaughter of Napoleon Bonaparte is in possession of a photocopy of the marriage bond between John Newton and Margaret Jane. Her mother was in possession of the original, and of Napoleons bible, but at her death, they were denied to her family, and are believed to be gone forever.

The Civil War information was compiled by Kaye Campbell, daughter-in-law to Marvin Campbell, the grandson of Napoleon B. Campbell, and transcribed with a few added facts by Cheryl Moore, great-granddaughter of Napoleon. 
Family links: 
  William Pickett Campbell (1812 - ____)
  Lucy Jane Allison Campbell (1812 - ____)
  Margret Jane Loveall (1842 - 1872)
  Louise Jane Whited Campbell (1839 - 1907)*
  Mary Elizabeth Campbell Burton (1864 - 1947)*
  Susan Rebecca Campbell Rooks (1866 - 1939)*
  Napoleon Bonaparte Campbell (1870 - 1950)*
  Rosetta Campbell Cook (1878 - 1943)*
  Joseph Jasper Campbell (1830 - ____)*
  John Newton Campbell (1833 - 1916)
  Eliza Martela Campbell Campbell (1843 - 1914)*
  Nancy Emiline Campbell Cook (1849 - 1924)*
  Bird Sherman Campbell (1849 - 1930)*
*Calculated relationship
Note: Son of William Campbell and Lucy Jane Allison. 13th KY Infantry Co. B.
Hadley Cemetery
Adair County
Kentucky, USA
Maintained by: Cheryl Moore
Originally Created by: BC
Record added: Mar 18, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 67099094
John Newton Campbell
Added by: Judy Lynn
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A belated Happy Birthday to my 2x great-grandfather. Rest in peace.
- Cheryl Moore
 Added: Apr. 27, 2015
Happy Angel Day to my 2nd great-grandfather.
- Cheryl Moore
 Added: Jul. 26, 2013
Happy Birthday to my 2nd great-grandfather, N.B.'s great-granddaughter, and Susie's granddaughter.
- Cheryl Moore
 Added: Apr. 18, 2013
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