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Chief Looking Glass
Birth: 1832
Montana, USA
Death: Oct. 5, 1877
Blaine County
Montana, USA

Native American Chief. Along with Chief Joseph the Younger, he directed the 1877 Nez PercÚ retreat from eastern Oregon into Montana and onward to Canada. The son of a prominent Nez PercÚ chief, Looking Glass had bitterly resented white encroachments on his ancestral lands, but opposed going to war with the United States over its plans to force his people onto the small reservation assigned to them at Lapwai, Idaho. When the Nez PercÚ and the U.S. Army first clashed at Whitebird Canyon on June 17, 1877, Looking Glass was already living on the Lapwai reservation, as he had agreed to do. Nevertheless, General Oliver Howard believed that Looking Glass would soon join the fighting, and he sent a detachment of troops to arrest him. Howard's plans backfired, however, for Looking Glass eluded arrest and fled the reservation to join Joseph and his fugitive band just as Howard had feared. For both better and worse, the Nez PercÚ flight bore the mark of Looking Glass's leadership. A respected battlefield commander, he convinced the band to flee to Montana, despite Joseph's opposition, and then persuaded them to stop at Big Hole, where he incorrectly believed they would be free from attack. After soldiers under the command of Colonel John Gibbon surprised the Nez PercÚ there on August 9, inflicting heavy casualties, Looking Glass lost much of his prestige as a military leader. Nearly two months later, when the Nez PercÚ were finally surrounded by Colonel Nelson A. Miles's troops in Northern Montana's Bearpaw mountains, Looking Glass remained stubbornly opposed to surrender. By this time, however, Chief Joseph had concluded that surrender was the only viable option, and on October 5, he rode out to hand over his rifle. That same day, Looking Glass set out to join Sitting Bull's band in Canada, but before he could make it to the border, he was killed by a Cheyenne scout. (bio by: Mongoose) 
Bear Paw Battlefield
Blaine County
Montana, USA
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Mongoose
Record added: Dec 05, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 8155412
Chief Looking Glass
Added by: Mongoose
Chief Looking Glass
Added by: Mongoose
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