|Death: ||Oct. 3, 1873|
More Commonly known by the name givin him by white settlers as Captain Jack. He was one of the Chiefs of the Modoc tribe of California Indians. He led the Modocs in the war against the US Army. In 1864 The Modoc Indians were induced to leave their native lands and live on the Klamath Indian reservation. The Klamaths were their traditional enemy and things did not go well for the less numerous Modocs. Kintpuash led the Modocs back to thier traditional lands as things were not working out in 1865. Relations with settlers were strained but accepted until 1869 when the army was sent in to round them up and return them to the reservation. Things had not improved on the reservation. Captain Jack's appeals to the military runing the reservation fell on deaf or ununderstanding ears as things did not change. Kintpuash then led about 190 Modocs back to Tule Lake in California in April 1870. Captain Jack pushed to establish a reservation for his people there at Tule Lake but powers that be did not understand his need for a seperate reservation and he was denied. Captain Jack did try to keep his people from the settlers and avoid confrontation but it was not always possible. On November 29, 1872 the Army at the insistance of settlers rode into the Modoc camp and tried to disarm the Indians and have them return to the reservation. Heated exchange of words broke out and then a scuffle which accelerated into a shooting exchange resulting in one soldier dead and seven wounded. Kintpuash used the time to pull his people back to the Lava beds of the area as a natural fortress on the shores of Tule Lake. All was not peaceful a hothead named Hooker Jim led a band of Modoc's to kill 12 settlers on ranches on the way there. On January 17, 1873 the Army launched an attack in which they lost 35 men dead and more wounded. The Modoc's suffered no casualties. This proved the wisdom of Captain Jack's selection of this site. Captain Jack divided his command he taking 30 braves and holding one side of the defence and Schonchin John defending the other half with his aproximatly 30 men. The area overall could be walked in under 30 minutes and offers no shelter save for the lava beds and natural caves. In this the indians held out. While the army gained in strength to assault the Modocs, the indians held councel as to what to do. Many of the indians believed if General Edward Canby were killed the army would desolve away. Much like if a snakes head were distroyed the body would naturaly die. Kinpuash apposed this view as ignorent. But those with apposing ideas grew stronger and shamed Captain Jack to the point he were forced to wear womens clothes. After a month of heated exchange Jack agreeed to kill Canby but that he himself would do it. A peace meeting was set up with Canby. On April 11 1873 peace deligates from both sides met. The Modocs drew thier weopons and Captain Jack killed Canby, others were also killed by other Modocs. Canby was the only full general ever to be killed in any of the Indian Wars. Things did not go as the Indians had hoped. The army outraged called in another 1000 soldiers as reinforcements and attacked on April 14 1873. this time with the use of four Morters the indians were forced to flee. The tribe was forced to split up many surrendered and several smaller bands continued to fight. Captain Jack surrendered on June 1 1873. He was taken to Fort Klamath and on October 3, 1873 was hung for his part in the peace deligation murders. Even to the end Kintupash kept his sence of humor when he offered a minister all his horses if the minister would exchange places with him that day for his hanging. After his hanging Captain Jack's head along with the other three hung that day was shipped to the Smithsonian. His body was buried here. In 1984 The heads were reinterred with the rest of them.
Fort Klamath Military Cemetery
Created by: steven campbell
Record added: Aug 05, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 28796440