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Frank Clifford "Rocky" Whitmore
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Birth: Oct. 1, 1887
North Attleboro
Bristol County
Massachusetts, USA
Death: Jun. 24, 1947
State College
Centre County
Pennsylvania, USA

World renowned chemist and educator, who proposed and introduced the carbocation as a reaction intermediate. American Chemical Society President in 1938, Dean of the College of Chemistry and Physics at Penn State from 1929 to 1947. Educated at Harvard, he received his A.B. A.M., and Ph.D. degrees there, the last in 1914. He taught at Williams and Rice Institute before becoming a professor in 1920 (and later chairman) in the Chemistry Department at Northwestern University. In 1929, he became Dean of the School of Chemistry and Physics at Penn State, which title he held until his death. He was responsible in large part for the rise of Penn State's chemistry program to national prominence. Whitmore Laboratory on the Penn State campus is named for him. First known for his work on organomercury compounds, his most famous area of research was in the field of molecular rearrangements for which he first proposed the carbocation as the major intermediate, though not without resistance from much of the chemical community. Today, however, his explanation of such reactions is considered to be the standard. He also did research in the area of antimalarials. During World War II he helped coordinate the US war effort in organic chemistry, with a particular emphasis on aviation fuels, and was posthumously awarded the Presidential Certificate of Merit for his war work. He was also known for his devotion to undergraduate teaching, as he yearly taught two general chemistry courses for freshmen and sophomores, and he wrote what is considered by many to be the first important US textbook on Organic Chemistry in 1937. His honors included honorary doctoral degrees from Franklin and Marshall, the University of Delaware, Allegheny College, and the Philadelphia College of Osteopathy. He served as Associate Editor for the Journal of the American Chemical Society and was on the board of Organic Syntheses, serving as Editor-in-Chief in 1927 and 1932. He was elected as President of the American Chemical Society in 1938. He was awarded the William H. Nichols Medal in 1937 and the Willard Gibbs Medal (the highest award given by the American Chemical Society) in 1945 and elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1946. 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  Marion Gertrude Mason Whitmore (1888 - 1987)*
 
 Children:
  Harry Edison Whitmore (____ - 2001)*
  Mason Whitmore (1917 - 2014)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Centre County Memorial Park
State College
Centre County
Pennsylvania, USA
Plot: Section S
 
Created by: Kenneth Gilbert
Record added: Sep 29, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 59366840
Frank Clifford Rocky Whitmore
Added by: Kenneth Gilbert
 
Frank Clifford Rocky Whitmore
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Apple Sauce
 
 
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- Sarah Quinn
 Added: Jul. 20, 2015
 
 
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