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Matilda Alice "Empress Maud" of England
Birth: Feb. 7, 1102
Death: Sep. 10, 1167

German Queen, Holy Roman Empress, Queen of England, Countess of Anjou and Maine. Only daughter of Henry I. and Matilda Dunkeld, daughter of Malcolm III. (Ceann-Mor). Matilda and her brother William were possibly twins. She was betrothed to Heinrich V. in April 1110. On January 7, 1114 she married the Emperor. She was 12 and her husband was 32 years old. She was crowned Queen of the Germans on July 25, 1110. The pair visited Rome in 1117 where they were crowned in a ceremony led only by an Archbishop (Heinrich was already crowned in 1111 by the pope) but she used the title of an Empress her whole life. The Emperor died in 1125 and she had to return to England because her brother had died and she was now her father's only hope for the continuation of his dynasty. Henry I. named Matilda his heir in January 1127. The baron of England had to swear that they would make her queen after her father's death. On August 26, 1127 she married the eleven years younger Geoffrey V. Plantagenet (qv), Count of Anjou in Le Mans. They soon started to fight with each other and Geoffrey sent her to Rouen. They reconciled in 1131 and on 5 March 1133 she gave birth to their first son Henry, who later became Henry II. of England. When Henry I. died in 1135 she was supposed to succeed him but her cousin Stephen of Blois was crowned instead. That was the begin of a civil war that lasted 18 years. In 1138 first her half-brother Robert of Gloucester and later her uncle David I. of Scotland invaded England to unseat Stephen from the throne and install Matilda. Stephen defeated David at the Battle of the Standard. Matilda herself landed in England in the following year. She was able to take Stephen prisoner in 1141 but had to release him in exchange for Robert of Gloucester. In March 1141 she it went to London, because of her arrogant behavior she was thrown out of the city some days later before her formal coronation could happen. The war luck was now more on Stephens side and she had to retire to the Normandy. On August 10, 1153 Stephens son Eustache died. Stephen became depressed and signed the Treaty of Winchester in December 1153. In this treaty Henry was named heir to Stephen bypassing Stephens son William and agreeing that Stephen should remain king for the rest of his life. He wasn't able to enjoy the following peace for a long time he died in October 1154. Maud spend the rest of her life in the Normandy where she administered the her sons possessions. She died in Notre Dame de Prés near Rouen and was buried in the Abbey church of Bec-Hellouin. Her body was transferred to the Cathedral of Rouen in 1847. (bio by: Lutetia) 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  King Henry de Normandie (1068 - 1135)
  Matilda Dunkeld (1079 - 1118)
 
 Spouses:
  Geoffrey Plantagenet (1113 - 1151)
  Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich Of Germany (1086 - 1125)*
  Heinrich V (1088 - 1125)*
 
 Children:
   Henry II (1133 - 1189)*
 
 Siblings:
  Matilda of Perche (1086 - 1120)**
  Robert de Caen (1090 - 1147)**
   Sybilla of Normandy (1092 - 1122)**
  Richard of Lincoln (1094 - 1120)**
  Matilda Alice of England (1102 - 1167)
  William Adelin (1103 - 1120)*
  Reginald de Dunstanville (1105 - 1175)**
 
*Calculated relationship
**Half-sibling
 
Burial:
Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Rouen
Rouen
Departement de la Seine-Maritime
Haute-Normandie, France
 
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Lutetia
Record added: Apr 10, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 8619917
Matilda Alice Empress Maud of England
Added by: Darla Hudson
 
Matilda Alice Empress Maud of England
Cemetery Photo
Added by: J.Sullivan
 
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- Melinda Wilson
 Added: Jul. 8, 2014
IN REMEMBRANCE, Glenn M, Mary Catherine Bischer Massey & Family
- Glenn Massey
 Added: Jul. 8, 2014
In Memory of my 25th Great Grandmother~
- Diane Miller
 Added: Jul. 4, 2014
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