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Pvt Josiah Green
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Birth: 1827
Virginia, USA
Death: May 14, 1888
Peoria
Peoria County
Illinois, USA

Private JOSIAH GREEN, Co. I, 86th Illinois

Josiah Green was born on __________ __, 1827 the son of John Green and Regenah (Reaginah) (__________) Green. Regenah (Reaginah) __________ was born about 1793 in Virginia. Regenah was married to John Green on __________ __, 18__, most likely in Lewis County, Virginia. John Green was also a native of Virginia. Four sons and possibly one daughter were born to John and Regenah Green. The sons include;
1. Robert Green, born
2. Richard Green, born July 13, 1825 in Lewis County, Virginia.
3. Josiah Green, born __________ __, 1827 in Virginia; died on May 14, 1888 in Peoria, Peoria County, Illinois; buried in Springdale Cemetery in Peoria, Illinois.
4. Evans Green, born

In either 1832 or 1833, the Greens started west for Illinois. John Green got sick with Cholera on the way and was said by Colonel Fahnestock to have "died on the river with cholera, while coming to the county."
Col. Allen L. Fahnestock, wrote the following of the Green family in 1912. "Regina Green, widow, sister of the widow Duffield came from Virginia in 1832. Her farm joins Glasford on the west, now owned by Christopher Riedelbauch. Mrs. Green had a family of four boys. She was a hard working woman. She would plow her corn with a shovel plow in her bare feet. She had a loom and wove all her clothing. I have set many a day and helped her put the chain through the loom. I would get a good dinner, venison, hominy, milk, butter, potatoes, coffee and maple sugar, baked squash, but no bread. Her sons built a small building and got two mill stones, and fixed a couple of cog wheels and a place to hitch a horse or a team of oxen, and the upper stone would jump on a few grains of corn and make coarse meal, three or four bushels a day. Many used her mills. Robert, her oldest son, went to Galena lead mines and never came back. Richard enlisted in Co. I, 86th Ill., and when he returned from the war. He moved to Missouri and died. Josiah enlisted in Co. I, 86th Ill, returned home and died in Peoria. Evans died quite a good sized boy. Family all dead. The boys were good soldiers and did their duty."
Regenah Green is found, widowed, at the time of the 1840 Peoria County census residing in what is called the LaMarsh Precinct. At that time, she has one son between the age of 5 and 10, 2 sons between the age of 10 and 15, and one daughter between 20 and 30 years of age. Regenah is listed as being between 40 and 50 at this time.
Josiah Green was married to Edith "Edy" McCoy on April 15, 1849 in Peoria County. Five children are known to have been born to Josiah and Edy. They are;
1. Emily J. Green, born
2. Mary
3. Sarah
4. Lewis
5. Martha

In the 1850 census of Peoria County, Regenah, who is listed as 50, but is actually about 57 at this time, is found residing with sons Richard and Josiah, who has just recently married on April 15, 1849 to Edith McCoy. Josiah and Edith have a newborn daughter, Emily J., at this time.
Green Regano 50 M Va
Green Richard 25 M Farming Va
Green Josiah 23 M Farming Va
Green Edith 23 F Ill
Green Emily J.1/12F Ill

In the 1860 census, Reaginah, is listed as being 67 and is residing with her son. Richard, who was married to Rachel Duffield in 1856. Richard and Rachel have two young children in their household at this time. The family is found in Timber Township in Peoria County;
Green Josiah 33 M farmer VA
Green Eda 33 F IL
Green Mary 9 F IL
Green Sarah E. 7 F IL
Green Lewis E. 4 M IL
Green Martha E.2 F IL

On August 1, 1862, Allen L. Fahnestock, a well known merchant and business man, who resided in the Lancaster, Illinois area of Timber Township in Peoria County, began recruiting what he hoped would be an entire company from the Lancaster/Timber Township area. On Fahnestock's first day of recruiting, Richard Green, who stated he was 37 years of age, and his brother, Josiah, age 33, voluntered to serve in the Timber Township company, becoming two of Fahnestock's first recruits. By the end of that first day, Fahnestock had about 20 volunteers.

ILLINOIS STATE ARCHIVES
Illinois Civil War Detail Report

Name GREEN, JOSIAH Rank PVT
Company I Unit 86 IL US INF

Personal Characteristics
Residence LANCASTER, PEORIA CO, IL
Age 33 Height 5' 10 1/2
Hair BLACK Eyes BLUE
Complexion DARK
Marital Status MARRIED
Occupation COOPER
Nativity LEWIS CO, OH

Service Record
Joined When AUG 1, 1862
Joined Where LANCASTER, IL
Joined By Whom A L FAHNESTOCK
Period 3 YRS
Muster In AUG 27, 1862
Muster In Where PEORIA, IL
Muster In By Whom
Muster Out JUN 29, 1865
Muster Out Where SPRINGFIELD, IL
Muster Out By Whom LT HAWKS
Remarks WOUNDED NEAR DALLAS GA MAY 27, 1864 IN A CHARGE

About two weeks after he began recruiting, Fahnestock had about 100 recruits. He then led the Timber Township company into Peoria, Illinois, where they went into camp at what was then called Camp Lyons, near what is today Glen Oak Park. Fahnestock was elected Captain of the men of the Timber Township company and on August 27, 1862, Fahnestock, and 96 of the other Timber Township volunteers, including Private Richard Green and Private Josiah Green, were mustered in as Company I of the 86th Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
The men of the 85th & 86th Illinois marched out of Camp Lyon on September 7, 1862, with much fanfare, through the streets of Peoria down to the railroad depot, where they boarded a train bound for Camp Joe Holt in Jeffersonville, Indiana, across the river from Louisville. Three weeks later the men of the 85th & 86th were in the field in Kentucky as part of Colonel Daniel McCook's Brigade in General Buell's Union Army chasing Confederate troops under the command of General Braxton Bragg. On October 8, 1862, the men of McCook's Brigade were engaged with those Confederate troops during the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, suffering their first casualties. There would be many more in the next few years. After the Union victory at Perryville, the Confederate troops withdrew from Kentucky while the men of McCook's Brigade marched on to Nashville, Tennessee where they went into winter camp.
During the next two and a half years, Privates Richard and Josiah Green would serve faithfully in Co. I as the men of McCook's Brigade were witness to and participants in numerous battles and skirmishes, some of the bloodiest fighting in the Western Theatre of the war, including the Battles of Chickamauga, Georgia; Resaca, Georgia; Rome, Georgia; Dallas, Georgia; Peach Tree Creek, Georgia; Averysboro, North Carolina; and Bentonville, North Carolina, just to name a few. They also participated on General Sherman's famous "March to the Sea", but it was at Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia on June 27, 1864 where the 86th suffered the most. On that fateful day, over 110 men of the 86th Illinois of the approximate 400 men who made the charge on Cheatham Hill, were killed, wounded or captured in less that 30 minutes. Sixteen men from Co. I were killed or wounded that fateful day. Among the wounded was Private Richard Green, who was wounded slightly in the head. If he was ever away from the company, he was soon back with his pards in Co. I.
Private Josiah Green was not there that fateful day because a month before, Private Josiah Green was wounded during a charge during the Battle of Dallas, Georgia on May 27, 1864. He was wounded severely and would spend the rest of the war in Army hospitals in the north. Private Josiah Green was finally discharged from the service from an Army Hospital in Springfield, Illinois, a little over a year after he was wounded, on June 29, 1865 and he returned to his home and family in Peoria County.
Private Richard Green was mustered out of the service with the surviving members of the 86th Illinois on June 6, 1865 at Washington, D.C. They then were sent to Chicago, Illinois where they received their final pay and discharge and by the end of June, they were all back home with their families.

In the 1870 census, Ragenah, who is listed as 78 at this time, still resides with Richard and Rachel, who have five children in the household at this time. Ragenah (__________) Green died on __________ __, 1879 at __________, Illinois. Her earthly remains are most likely buried in the Timber Township area of Peoria County.
In the 1880 census, only Richard and his brother, Josiah, who is listed as "Joe", is found with their families.

by Baxter B. Fite III

(Baxter would enjoy hearing from anyone, especially descendants of the Green family, who might be able to add to the biographical material that we have on Josiah Green and the Green family. Baxter would also love to see copies of any photographs of Josiah Green, which may have survived the years, added to his Find A Grave site for all to see.)

 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Regenah Green (1793 - 1879)
 
 Spouse:
  Edith McCoy Green (1827 - 1895)*
 
 Children:
  Maria M Green Runstetler (1851 - 1918)*
  Louise R. Green Smith (1861 - 1924)*
 
 Siblings:
  Child Green*
  Child Green*
  Richard Green (1825 - 1899)*
  Josiah Green (1827 - 1888)
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Springdale Cemetery and Mausoleum
Peoria
Peoria County
Illinois, USA
Plot: Solders Hill
 
Created by: Baxter B. Fite III
Record added: Nov 06, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 61216023
Pvt Josiah Green
Added by: Debra
 
Pvt Josiah Green
Added by: Cindy Allen Bertino
 
Pvt Josiah Green
Added by: Cindy Allen Bertino
 
 
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