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Pvt John W Butcher
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Birth: 1826
Greene County
Illinois, USA
Death: Nov. 12, 1862
Davidson County
Tennessee, USA

Private JOHN W. BUTCHER, Co. I, 86th Illinois

John W. Butcher was born on __________ __, 182__ (c. 1826/25) at Carrollton, Illinois in Greene County, the son of __________ Butcher and __________ (__________) Butcher. John may have been the son of Eli Butcher and Lavinia (Arnold) Butcher, who are known to have been residing in Greene County, Illinois in the early 1830's.
John W. Butcher was married to Lucy Ann Hall about 1857 or 1858 in __________, __________. Lucy is believed to have been born on May 2, 1837/38 in __________, Ohio. Her tombstone states she was born in 1838. Lucy Hall was the daughter of __________ Hall and Lucy (__________) Hall. Three children are known to have been born to John and Lucy. They are;
1. Marion Butcher; born c. 1858/59 in Illinois; died on __________ __, 19__ at ___________, __________; His earthly remains were laid to rest in the __________ Cemetery in __________, __________.
2. Elizabeth Jane Butcher, born __________ __ 1860 in Illinois; Elizabeth had two children before she married, Samuel Butcher and Bertha Butcher; Bertha married Ulysses Grant Spong and had three children, Roy, Vern and Opal: Elizabeth married Brian Lanan on __________ __, 18__; Elizabeth Jane (Butcher) Lanan died on __________ __, 1941 and her earthly remains were laid to rest in the Kingston Mines Cemetery in Kingston Mines, Illinois.
3. Infant Butcher, born and died before 1864.

At the time of 1850 census, the Hall family is found residing in Peoria Township in Peoria County;
3026 Hall Henry 31 M Farming Ky
3026 Hall Sarah 25 F Ohio
3026 Hall William 9 M Ohio
3026 Hall George 6 M Ill
3026 Hall Lucy J. 4 F Ill
3026 Hall John 1 M Ill
3026 Hall Lucy 50 F Maryland
3026 Hall Lucy 12 F Ohio

At the time of the 1860 census, John, Lucy and Marion are found residing in Timber Township of Peoria County, where John is listed as a Calker. They are living next to the Halls;
2501 Butcher John 32 M calker 25 IL
2501 Butcher Lucy 23 F OH
2501 Butcher Marion 1 M IL
2501 Hall Lucy 65 F MD
2502 Hall Thomas 35 M farmer 1,000 380 KY
2502 Hall Jemima 32 F OH
2502 Hall Eliza J. 12 F IL
2502 Hall George 10 M IL
2502 Hall Ann 6 F IL
2502 Hall Joseph 4 M IL
2502 Hall Sarah 2 F IL
2502 Hall Mary E. 6/12 F IL

On August 15, 1862, John W. Butcher volunteered to serve in a company which was being raised in the Lancaster, Illinois/Timber Township area of Peoria County by well known local business man and merchant, Allen L. Fahnestock. At the time he voluntered, John stated he was 36 years of age, was employed as a Caulker and was residing in Lancaster, Illinois in Timber Township, Peoria County and was married.

Rank PVT Company I Unit 86 IL US INF

Personal Characteristics
Residence LANCASTER, PEORIA CO, IL Age 36 Height 5' 7 Hair DARK
Eyes HAZEL Complexion FAIR Marital Status MARRIED Occupation CAULKER

Service Record
Joined When AUG 15, 1862 Joined Where LANCASTER, IL
Joined By Whom A L FAHNESTOCK Period 3 YRS
Muster In AUG 27, 1862 Muster In Where PEORIA, IL
Muster In By Whom N/A Muster Out N/A
Muster Out Where N/A Muster Out By Whom N/A

When Fahnestock had about 100 volunteers he led his company into Peoria, where they went into camp at Camp Lyon, near present day Glen Oak Park. Fahnestock was elected by the men of the Lancaster/Timber Township men to be their Captain and on August 27, 1862, Fahnestock, and 96 of the other Timber Township volunteers, including now Private John W. Butcher, were mustered in as Company I of the 86th Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
The men of the 86th Illinois marched out of the gates of Camp Lyon on September 7, 1862, with much fanfare, through the streets of Peoria down to the railroad depot, where they boarded a train bound for Camp Joe Holt in Jeffersonville, Indiana, located across the Ohio River from Louisville, Kentucky. Three weeks later the men of the 86th were in the field in Kentucky as part of Colonel Daniel McCook's Brigade in pursuit of Confederate troops. On October 8, 1862, the men of McCook's Brigade were engaged with those Confederate troops during the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, suffering their first casualties. There would be many more in the coming years.
After the Union victory at Perryville, the men of McCook's Brigade marched on toward Nashville, Tennessee. Even before the 86th left the Louisville area, many of the new troops were having health issues from the new diet and living conditions. Many were left behind sick in the Louisville are hospitals when McCook's Brigade left the Louisville area. After the Battle of Perryville, the men of McCook's Brigade marched on to Bowling Green, Kentucky where they rested a few days. When they left the Bowling Green area many more of the new troops were left behind in hospitals in the Bowling Green area.
Private John W. Butcher was probably already having health issues as well, but he was hanging in there and remained with the regiment. From Bowling Green, the 86th marched on to Gallatin, Tennessee, where again many of the new troops were left behind in Army Hospitals. When the men of McCook's Brigade reached Nashville on Nov. 7, 1862, Private John W. Butcher most likely went straight to an Army Hospital. He was diagnosed with a severe case of Pneumonia. The Army doctors were unable to do anything for him and Private John W. Butcher died of Pneumonia on November 11, 1862. His earthly remains were laid in a new Union burying ground where the dead from the Army Hospitals were being laid to rest. Shortly after the war came to a close, the Nashville National Cemetery was created and the Union dead from the various cemeteries scattered around the Nashville area were exhumed and moved there. Today the earthly remains of Private John W. Butcher lie buried in Section B in Grave #5642,
After John died, Lucy applied for a Widows Pension and was granted a pension on April 13, 1863. She most likely lived on that pension, making a little extra money doing odd jobs, the remainder of her life. Lucy never remarried. At the time of the 1870 census, Lucy An Butcher, age 31, is found residing in Timber Township with a Kingston Mines P.O. address with her daughter, Elizabeth Jane. Marion is not found. Lucy is listed as Keeping House in this census.
At the time of the 1880 census, Lucy A. Butcher, listed as 40 years of age, is found residing in Kingston Mines in Peoria County. She is listed as a Washer Woman. In 1900, Lucy Ann Butcher is found residing in Kingston Mines with Grant and Bertha Spong. Grant was born in December of 1873, while Bertha was born in October of 1877. Grant is employed as a Coal Miner. Lucy is listed as having been born in May of 1837 and is listed as their grandmother. In 1910, Lucy Butcher, now listed as age 73, is found residing with Samuel Butcher and his wife, Julia, on Pearl Street in Kingston Mines in Timber Township. Samuel was born about 1883 and is also working as a Coal Miner. Though it doesn't say, Samuel must be a grandson or a great nephew.
Lucy lived on in Kingston Mines until she passed on March 18, 1927. She was about 89 or 90 at the time of her passing. Her earthly remains were laid to rest in the Kingston Mines Cemetery. At this time, it is now known what became of her children or grandchildren.

by Baxter B. Fite III

(Baxter would enjoy hearing from anyone, especially descendants of the Butcher family, who might be able to add to what is known about Private John W Butcher and to the Butcher family history. Baxter would also love to get copies of any pictures which may still exist of Private John W. Butcher for his Find A Grave site and for the local Historical Societies, though Baxter believes that Private John W. Butcher may never have ever posed for a portrait and probably did not live long enough to have a portrait made for his parents in uniform.)

Family links: 
  Lucy Ann Hall Butcher (1837 - 1927)*
  Elizabeth Jane Butcher Lanan (1860 - 1941)*
*Calculated relationship
Nashville National Cemetery
Davidson County
Tennessee, USA
Plot: Section B, Grave #5642
Maintained by: Baxter B. Fite III
Originally Created by: US Veterans Affairs Offi...
Record added: Mar 04, 2000
Find A Grave Memorial# 3182877
Pvt John W Butcher
Added by: Kathleen Fleury Bilbrey
Pvt John W Butcher
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Evening Blues
Photos may be scaled.
Click on image for full size.

- Kathleen Fleury Bilbrey
 Added: Dec. 19, 2010
Illinois Civil War Soldier Plot 5642
- Kathleen Fleury Bilbrey
 Added: Dec. 19, 2010

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