|Birth: ||Jul. 13, 1825|
West Virginia, USA
|Death: ||Jun. 2, 1899|
Private RICHARD GREEN, Co. I, 86th Illinois
Richard Green was born on July 13, 1825 in Lewis County, Virginia (now West Virginia), the son of John Green and Reaginah or Regina (__________) Green. John Green is the only head of household with the last name Green in Lewis County, Virginia in the 1830 census. At that time, John Green and his wife are both between 30 and 40 years of age, which means they were both born in the 1790's. Regina Green is known to have been born c. 1793, so this would fit her and she is known to have had at least four sons. In the 1830 census John and his wife are listed with 7 sons, three below the age of 5 (this could include Richard, Evans and Josiah), one between 5 & 10 (this could be Robert), two between 10 and 15 and one between 15 and 20 (the three older sons may have remained in Virginia). They also have one daughter listed who is between the age of 10 & 15. Regina is known to have had one daughter, listed between 20 and 30 in the 1840 census, so this would fit this daughter.
In either 1832 or 1833, the Greens started west for Illinois. John Green got sick with Cholera on the way and was said by Colonel Fahnestock to have "died on the river with cholera, while coming to the county."
Allen L. Fahnestock, wrote the following of the Green family; GREEN RICHARD, farmer, Sec. 21, son of John and Reaganah Green, natives of Virginia. Father died on the river with cholera, while coming to the county. Mother died in 1879. Mr. G. was born in Lewis Co., Va., on the 13th day of July 1925. Was reared on a farm and attended the common school. Married Miss Rachael Duffield, daughter of George Duffield, who was born in Virginia April 28, 1827, by whom he has had seven children, five living, two boys and three girls, George, Richard J., Rachael E., Mary E., Annabell. They are members of the Baptist Church. Own eighty-seven acres of land under good improvement, valued at $4,000. Came to the county in 1833 in limited circumstances.
Col. Allen L. Fahnestock, wrote the following of the Green family in 1912. "Regina Green, widow, sister of the widow Duffield came from Virginia in 1832. Her farm joins Glasford on the west, now owned by Christopher Riedelbauch. Mrs. Green had a family of four boys. She was a hard working woman. She would plow her corn with a shovel plow in her bare feet. She had a loom and wove all her clothing. I have set many a day and helped her put the chain through the loom. I would get a good dinner, venison, hominy, milk, butter, potatoes, coffee and maple sugar, baked squash, but no bread. Her sons built a small building and got two mill stones, and fixed a couple of cog wheels and a place to hitch a horse or a team of oxen, and the upper stone would jump on a few grains of corn and make coarse meal, three or four bushels a day. Many used had mills. Robert, her oldest son, went to Galena lead mines and never came back.
Richard enlisted in Co. I, 86th Ill., and when he returned from the war. He moved to Missouri and died. Josiah enlisted in Co. I, 86th Ill, returned home and died in Peoria. Evans died quite a good sized boy. Family all dead. The boys were good soldiers and did their duty."
At the time of the 1840 census of Peoria County, the Green family is found residing in what is called the LaMarsh Precinct. Regenah Green is listed as being between the age of 40 and 50. She has one son between the age of 5 & 10, 2 sons between the age of 10 & 15, and one daughter between the age of 20 & 30.
In the 1850 census, Regeno resides with sons Richard and Josiah, who has recently married and already has one infant daughter.
Richard Green was married to Rachel Duffield on November 11, 1856, possibly in Missouri. Rachel was born on April 29, 1828 in Virginia, the daughter of George G. Duffield, who was born in 1807, and Mary "Polly" (Given) Duffield. The Duffields left Virginia about 1835, moving west, where they settled in Lindley, Missouri in Sullivan County. They remained there until about 1856, when at least Rachel moved to Peoria County.
Seven children are known to have been born to Richard Green and Rachel (Duffield) Green. They are;
1. George Green, born Aug. 13, 1858 in Illinois; married to Mary A. Hess on October 19, 1881 in Peoria County; he is believed to have married 2nd Matilda Johnson; moved to Missouri where he died on July 18, 1908; buried in the Galt West Cemetery, Galt, Grundy County, Missouri.
2. Eady "Eda" Green, believed to have been born about December 24, 1859 in Timber Township, Peoria County, Illinois though she is listed as being only 5 months old at the time of the 1860 census; died on October 21, 1860 near Lancaster, Illinois and her mortal remains were laid in the Lancaster Cemetery in Peoria County.
3. Margaret E. "Margie" Green, born c. September 16, 1861 in Illinois; Margie died on September 23, 1878 at the age of 17 years and 7 days; Her mortal remains were laid in the Lancaster Cemetery in Peoria County.
4. Richard J. Green, born __________ __, 1863 in Peoria County, Illinois; married to Sarah M. Petty; moved to Missouri and died on ___________ __, 1944; buried in the Roselawn Cemetery, Trenton, Grundy County, Missouri.
5. Emeline Rachel Green, born c. 1866 in Illinois; believed to have been married to ___________ Elwood.
6. Mary E. Green, born c. 1867 in Illinois; believed to have been married to __________ Elwood.
7. Annie Belle (or Annabelle) Green, born c. 1871 Illinois; believed to have been married to a ____________ Johnson.
At the time of the 1860 census, the Green family is found residing in Timber Township, Peoria County, Illinois. Richard is listed as being 34 and is farming. Rachel is listed as being 28. Richard's mother, Reaginah, is residing with them. She is listed as being 67 and born in Virginia;
2510 Green Josiah 33 M farmer 1,000 200 VA
2510 Green Eda 33 F IL
2510 Green Mary 9 F IL
2510 Green Sarah E. 7 F IL
2510 Green Lewis E. 4 M IL
2510 Green Martha E. 2 F IL
2511 Green Richard 34 M farmer 2,500 875 VA
2511 Green Rachel 28 F VA
2511 Green George 2 M IL
2511 Green Eda 5/12 F IL
2511 Green Reaginah 67 F VA
On August 1, 1862, Allen L. Fahnestock, a well known merchant and business man, who resided in the Lancaster, Illinois area of Timber Township in Peoria County, began recruiting what he hoped would be an entire company from the Lancaster/Timber Township area. On Fahnestock's first day of recruiting, Richard Green, who stated he was 37 years of age, and his brother, Josiah, age 33, voluntered to serve in the Timber Township company, becoming two of Fahnestock's first recruits. By the end of that first day, Fahnestock had about 20 volunteers.
ILLINOIS STATE ARCHIVES
Illinois Civil War Detail Report
Name GREEN, RICHARD Rank PVT
Company I Unit 86 IL US INF
Residence LANCASTER, PEORIA CO, IL
Age 37 Height 5'8"
Hair BLACK Eyes BLUE
Marital Status MARRIED
Nativity LEWIS CO, VA
Joined When AUG 1, 1862
Joined Where LANCASTER, IL
Joined By Whom A L FAHNESTOCK
Period 3 YRS
Muster In AUG 27, 1862
Muster In Where PEORIA, IL
Muster In By Whom
Muster Out JUN 6, 1865
Muster Out Where WASHINGTON, DC
Muster Out By Whom LT SCROGGS
Remarks WOUNDED JUN 27, 1864
About two weeks later, when Fahnestock had about 100 recruits, he led the Timber Township company into Peoria, Illinois, where they went into camp at what was then called Camp Lyons, near what is today Glen Oak Park. Fahnestock was elected Captain of the men of the Timber Township company and on August 27, 1862, Fahnestock, and 96 of the other Timber Township volunteers, including Private Richard Green and Private Josiah Green, were mustered in as Company I of the 86th Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry.
The men of the 85th & 86th Illinois marched out of Camp Lyon on September 7, 1862, with much fanfare, through the streets of Peoria down to the railroad depot, where they boarded a train bound for Camp Joe Holt in Jeffersonville, Indiana, located across the Ohio river from Louisville, Kentucky. Three weeks later the men of the 85th & 86th were in the field in Kentucky as part of Colonel Daniel McCook's Brigade in Union General Buell's army chasing Confederate troops under the command of Confederate General Braxton Bragg. On October 8, 1862, the men of McCook's Brigade were engaged with those Confederate troops during the Battle of Perryville, Kentucky, suffering their first casualties. There would be many more in the next few years. After the Union victory at Perryville, the men of McCook's Brigade marched on to Nashville, Tennessee where they went into winter camp.
During the next two and a half years, Privates Richard and Josiah Green would serve faithfully in Co. I as the men of McCook's Brigade were witness to and participants in numerous battles and skirmishes, some of the bloodiest fighting in the Western Theatre of the war, including the Battles of Chickamauga, Georgia; Resaca, Georgia; Rome, Georgia; Dallas, Georgia; Peach Tree Creek, Georgia; Averysboro, North Carolina; and Bentonville, North Carolina, just to name a few. They also participated on General Sherman's famous "March to the Sea", but it was at Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia on June 27, 1864 where the 86th suffered the most. On that fateful day, over 110 men of the 86th Illinois of the approximate 400 men who made the charge on Cheatham Hill, were killed, wounded or captured in less that 30 minutes. Sixteen men from Co. I were killed or wounded that fateful day. Among the wounded was Private Richard Green, who was wounded slightly in the head. If he was ever away from the company, he was soon back with his pards in Co. I.
Private Josiah Green was wounded during a charge during the Battle of Dallas, Georgia on May 27, 1864. He was wounded severely and would spend the rest of the war in Army hospitals in the north. Private Josiah Green was finally discharged from the service from an Army Hospital in Springfield, Illinois, a little over a year after he was wounded, on June 29, 1865 and he returned to his home and family in Peoria County.
Private Richard Green was mustered out of the service with the surviving members of the 86th Illinois on June 6, 1865 at Washington, D.C. They then were sent to Chicago, Illinois where they received their final pay and discharge and by the end of June, they were all back home with their families.
At the time of the 1870 census, Richard Green and his family are found in Timber Township, Peoria County, Illinois, though Rachel is listed in the typed copy as Rebecca. Richard is still farming the land. Ragenah, now listed as 78, is still living with Richard and his family;
190 Green Richard 45 M W farmer 3,000 200 Virginia
190 Green Rebecca 43 F W wife Virginia
190 Green George 13 M W at home Illinois
190 Green Margaret 8 F W Illinois
190 Green Richard 7 M W Illinois
190 Green Emeline R. 6 F W Illinois
190 Green Mary E** 3 F W Illinois
190 Green Ragenah 78 F W at home Virginia
In 1880, the family is found in Timber Township, Peoria County, Illinois. Regenah Green is believed to have died sometime between the 1870 and 1880 census, as she is not found anywhere in the 1880 census. Following is the 1880 census for Richard and his family;
Richard Green, age: 54; marital status: Married; occupation: Farmer; birthplace: Virginia; spouse's name: Rachel Green; spouse's birthplace: Virginia; father's birthplace: Virginia; mother's birthplace: Virginia.
Household Gender Age Birthplace
Richard Green, self, M 54 Virginia
Rachel Green, wife, F 53 Virginia
George Green, son, M 21 Illinois
Richard J. Green, son, M 17 Illinois
Emeline Green, daughter, F 14 Illinois
Mary E. Green, daughter, F 13 Illinois
Annie B. Green, daughter,F 9 Illinois
About 1881, Richard and Rachel moved the family to Missouri, where they settled near the Duffields in Lindley, Missouri in Sullivan County. Richard and Rachel would reside there the remainder of their lives. Private Richard Green, Co. I, 86th Illinois died in Lindley on June 2, 1899. Rachel died there 6 years later on November 14, 1905. Their earthly remains were laid to rest in the Lindley Cemetery near Lindley, Missouri.
GREEN, Mrs. Mary A. (HESS): daughter of Sam Hess; born 9 Dec 1863 Peoria County; married 19 Oct 1881 George Green - 5 children. She died 14 Nov 1905 at Galt, MO; buried K of P Cemetery near Galt, MO. Surviving - children: E.H. and Fred, Kansas City, MO; Bessie, Otto and Lloyd at home; 4 brothers: George, David, Samuel, Rafe all of Peoria County; one half-sister Mrs. Rosa SHEPARD; one half-brother John HESS. One brother is deceased. Her father died 1 March 1884; mother died about 1861. Moved to Sullivan County, MO October 1881 - then to Lindley, MO 21 Sept 1887 - to Galt, MO in 1890. Train hit buggy. Mother-in-law also killed (Issue 16 Nov 1905)
GREEN, Mrs. Rachael DUFFIELD: born 29 April 1828 West Virginia; married 1856 Richard Green (he died 2 June 1899) - 7 children. She died 14 Nov 1905 at Galt, MO; buried Lindley Cemetery. Train hit buggy. Daughter-in-law also killed. Surviving - 5 children: George, R.F., Mrs. Emma ELWOOD, Mrs. Mary ELWOOD, Mrs. Anna B. JOHNSON; siblings: J.M. DUFFIELD, Chillicothe, IL; Adam Duffield, Lynn Co; Elissif DONOHO, Miss Anna Duffield and Mrs. Belle NORVELL, near Humphrey. Came to Missouri about 1835 - resided near Lindley, Sullivan Co., MO til 1856 - then to Peoria County. Returned to Lindley 1881. (Issue 16 Nov 1905)
by Baxter B. Fite III and Larry G. Flesher
(Baxter and Larry would enjoy hearing from anyone, especially descendants of the Green family, who might be able to add to what is known about Private Richard Green and the Green family. Baxter would also love to get copies of any pictures of Private Richard Green which may have survived the years, especially any showing him in uniform from his days in the 86th, for his Find A Grave site and for the local Historical Societies.)
Regenah Green (1793 - 1879)
Rachael Duffield Green (1828 - 1905)
George Green (1858 - 1908)*
Eady Green (1860 - 1860)*
Margie Green (1861 - 1878)*
Emma Rachel Green Elwood (1865 - 1906)*
Richard Green (1825 - 1899)
Josiah Green (1827 - 1888)*
Maintained by: Baxter B. Fite III
Originally Created by: Larry G. Flesher
Record added: Mar 05, 2005
Find A Grave Memorial# 10558960