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Lewis Caudle
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Birth: Mar. 4, 1831
Surry County
North Carolina, USA
Death: May 6, 1905
Shattuck
Ellis County
Oklahoma, USA

The first grave dug in Shattuck Cemetery was that of F. Lewis Caudle in May of 1905. Mr. Charles S. Chambers was one of the IOOF Lodge members that hand dug his grave.

No one in the family line knows of the "F". in front of Lewis name when I received his memorial in my care. I have taken it out so that family will find him. (not on his stone). We believe it stands for Frank, since his brother Amos named a son Frank Lewis after him.

(Note: 23 Jun 2014, Lewis was born in Surry county that was spit making Yadkin County in 1850, I knew this but had used Yadkin, so people would know what area. I was corrected nicely by Bob Carter and have corrected county of birth.)

Lewis married Elender/Elenour "Ellen" Hair on Aug. 31, 1860 in Yadkin County, North Carolina. To this union 7 children were born with the first two of their children passing not long after being born. These two chidren are:

E.G. Caudle, Jun 2, 1861 - Jun 19, 1861. Living 17 days.

M.E. Caudle, May 29, 1862 - Jun 1, 1862. Living 3 days.

They are buried somewhere in Surry/Yadkin County, North Carolina.

They were living in Norwood, Wright, Missouri by 1868, and were farming, as well as adding 4 more children in Missouri. First three being born in North Carolina. Around 1901 they sold their farm/land and moved to Oklahoma, were they now rest.

Lewis served as a Pvt. in Co. C, 13th North Carolina Inf. C.S.A. during the Civil War in the Confederate Army, also that he deserted on Apr. 18, 1863, but returned sometime around March or April of 1864. He then was reporting missing again May 5, 1864. We as a family knew of this and the true story of his service, but had no proof. Here is what Justin Hobson found (doing more reseach than I) and posted on Ancestry.

The "official" record for Lewis Caudle's Confederate military involvement states that he enlisted into Company C, 13th Regiment NC Troops on 3-3-1863, in Yadkin County. It states he deserted on 4-18-1863, but returned sometime around March or April of 1864. He then was reporting missing again 5-5-1864.

However,there is an altogether different dimension of the story as well, told in the books "An Illustrated History of Yadkin County" by William E. Rutledge, Jr., and "Southern Heroes" by Fernando Gale Cartland. These books claim that Lewis was arrested, persecuted, made to enter the army, and was forced to go to the front and enter battle with a gun tied to him. Lewis apparently laid down on the battlefield among the dead and dying in the thick of battle, was not found or attacked, and reportedly fell asleep and awoke the next morning to find both armies gone, at which time he simply walked home. As the story goes, Isham Cox and John B. Crenshaw, wealthy Quakers, then induced the local enrolling officers to accept $500 and he was not harassed by the Confederates again.

These stories are based on three letters in the Friends Historical Collection at Guilford College. The first letter, dated May 1st 1864, is from Lewis to John B. Crenshaw, who was working to get Quakers out who were forced , against their will and beliefs, into the Confederate military. He claims he is a member of Deep Creek Friends in Yadkin County and that he was arrested on March 1st and took to camp, where he apparently is at the time of the writing of the letter. He says he expects a march soon,and that he is unable to march, and begs Crenshaw to do something to get him out of service. He also says he hasn't bore arms yet, and hopes he doesn't have to.

The second letter, dated May 5th 1864, is from Lewis' brother George Annual Caudle to Crenshaw. This letter is an affadavit for Crenshaw to apparently use in his case to free Lewis Caudle. George states in the letter that Lewis had always been opposed to violence and profane language. It states he was conscripted under the First Conscription Act, and was tied up and forced into the army, but not recieving any pay or bounty, he left without permission, came home, and joined the local Friends Society, being recieved Feb. 6th, 1864 in full friendship. He said he took his brother's case up before the local enrolling officer, but the enrolling officer refused to do anything until Lewis paid the required $500 tax for Quaker exemption.

The next letter, dated Jun. 24th, 1864, is again George Annual Caudle, to Crenshaw. In it he claims he sent "papers" to Crenshaw(probably the above letter) and wants to know if Crenshaw got them. Again, the "Papers" were apparently documents Crenshaw might could use if he were to try and use his power to get Lewis out of the army. He says if Crenshaw gets the "Papers" "fixed", to send them back to him and let him give them to Lewis, for he was home. He then goes on to tell the story found in the above books, about Lewis being abused, tied up, forced onto the battlefield, etc. before returning home. In the letter George Caudle makes it sound as though the "Forced into battle with a gun tied to him" story occurred during Lewis' second stint in the Confederate Military, from March to May of 1864.

The official record and the letters aren't contradictory, so a reasonable chronology can be worked out. After the 1st Conscription Act of 1862 was passed requiring everyone of a certain age to enroll, Lewis apparently did not enroll, or enrolled and then refused to report when called upon by the local enrolling officer to be ready for enlistment. He would've then been arrested in late Feb. or early March of 1863. They tied him up and sent him to camp to recieve training and become a soldier. "They" were most likely the local Yadkin County militia or Home Guard. Eventually, having recieved no payment, he deserted on Apr. 18, 1863. Lewis went home from wherever his company (Co. C, 13th Reg.) were camped at. After returning home, Lewis began attending Deep Creek Friends, the same church he tried gaining membership with before his first arrest. On Feb. 6, 1864 he recieved full membership from the church.It was around this time that his brother George went before the local enrolling officer on his behalf. The enrolling officer wouldn't hear his case or give him exemption until he paid the tax required for Quakers in order to not fall under the laws of the Conscription Act.And of course, they didn't have that kind of money.

Lewis was arrested by the Home Guard or militia again on March 1st, 1864. He was again tied up and taken to his previous unit. He was at camp at the time the first letter, when he hadn't bore arms yet, was written, on May 1st. The incident where the soldiers tied to gun to him and drove him into battle might then, have been The Battle of the Wilderness, in Virginia, where fighting began on May 5, 1864, the day Lewis once again deserted and came home. The second two letters show George scrambling to get together anything he can which can help keep his brother from being arrested a third time. In their books, Cartland and Rutledge tell that George and Lewis' correspondent, John B. Crenshaw, and Isham Cox, another wealthy Quaker trying to help his fellow churchmen, were successful in eventually paying off local enrolling officers and that Lewis was "not molested" for the rest of the war.

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Many THANKS to Justin Hobson for this and the research he did!!!!!!


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I have not found their daughter Sarah F. Caudle born in about 1868. Unknown if she married or passed away. Last found in 1880 census at age 12, all of their surviving children found are linked to them.

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He is my 2nd Great Grand Uncle


by W. Loy Frisk Simmons 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  William Caudle (1795 - 1874)
  Nancy Brown Caudle (1807 - 1865)
 
 Spouse:
  Elender/Elenour Hair Caudle (1832 - 1907)*
 
 Children:
  Samantha R Caudle Bruton (1863 - 1914)*
  Louvisa N. Caudle Burke (1866 - 1940)*
  Willis Fifer Caudle (1871 - 1959)*
  Lewis D Caudle (1874 - 1957)*
 
 Siblings:
  George Annual Caudle (1824 - 1895)*
  Andrew Jackson Caudle (1826 - 1907)*
  Jacob Caudle (1830 - 1897)*
  Lewis Caudle (1831 - 1905)
  Pleasant Caudle (1833 - 1867)*
  Ellis Caudle (1835 - 1878)*
  Nancy Jane Caudle Davis (1837 - 1889)*
  Mary A Caudle Matthews (1840 - 1906)*
  Amos M. Caudle (1842 - 1929)*
  Henderson Caudle (1844 - 1924)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Shattuck Cemetery
Shattuck
Ellis County
Oklahoma, USA
Plot: 46 west
 
Maintained by: W. Loy Frisk Simmons
Originally Created by: In Memory
Record added: Sep 23, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 42310417
Lewis Caudle
Added by: W. Loy Frisk Simmons
 
Lewis Caudle
Added by: Ruth Briggs
 
Lewis Caudle
Added by: In Memory
 
 
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- Susie Eyster Parks
 Added: Sep. 17, 2014
Blessings to you.
- Loy
 Added: May. 25, 2014

- Sherree(Burke) Foster
 Added: Sep. 3, 2012
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