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Danforth M. Maxcy
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Birth: Dec. 29, 1841
Gardiner
Kennebec County
Maine, USA
Death: Aug. 14, 1863
Gettysburg
Adams County
Pennsylvania, USA

Served in the Civil War as a corporal in Company C 3rd Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment "The Kennebec Regiment"

Mustered into "C" Co. ME 3rd Infantry on June 4, 1861

He died of wounds on August 14, 1863 at Gettysburg, PA.

Wounded July 2,1863 Gettysburg, PA (Severe wound in right leg, amputated)


Corporal Danforth Maxcy served in Company C of the Third Maine Infantry Regiment. This regiment formed part of Ward's Brigade, Birney's Division of the Third Corps (Army of Potomac). On 30 June,1863 the Corps Commander ( General Sickles) received orders from General Reynolds of the First Corps to force march to Gettysburg where a division of Federal Cavalry was positioned to oppose elements of the Army of Northern Virginia (Lee). The Federal First and Eleventh Corps under General Reynolds were a days march ahead and planned to arrive at Gettysburg on the morning of 1 July. Sickles Third Corps and Sykes Fifth Corps forced a blistering pace; some solders actually died of heatstroke during the march.

The Third Corps approached Gettysburg on the Emmitsburg Road at around 5 pm. The men noted the angry rumble of artillery fire to the north where the First Corps was fighting for its life along McPherson Ridge. By the time the Third Maine reached the Rose Farm on the outskirts, Federal Forces had been overwhelmed and were fleeing through Gettysburg to the heights to the south of the town (Cemetery Ridge). Here General Hancock rallied and buttressed the defense with his arriving Second Corps. As night fell, The Third corps bivouacked in a wheatfield to the west of Rose Farm.

By the morning of 2 July five Federal corps were positioned around Cemetery Ridge. The Third Corps held the Federal left flank along the southern including a small hill soon to win renown as Little Round Top. The Army of Northern Virginia held the initiative; General Lee planned to attack both Federal flanks with Longstreet's Corps assigned to crush the Federal left.

The day began early for the Third Maine as General Birney assigned them to scouting and skirmishing duties to the west of Emmitsburg Road. Danforth Maxcy was assigned to the colour guard for the day and advanced this the regiment. At around 1 pm, the Third Maine and Ist US Sharpshooters Regiment encountered skirmishers of the 11th and 10th Alabama Regiments (Hills Corps) in Pitzer's woods. While engaging the Third Maine, the 11th Alabama offered it flank to the US Sharpshooters who shot them up so badly the regiment had to retreat and reform. More Confederate regiments arrived and the Third Main and Sharpshooters retired to the Emmitsburg Road.

The Third Corps was now alerted to the arrival of Longstreet's divisions. General Sickles posted Birney's first division in a peach orchard to the east of Emmitsburg Road. The Third Maine formed up on the south side of a salient supported by a battery of artillery, the Second New Hampshire, and the Third Michigan. if you visit Google Earth, you can see their position, marked as the the memorial to the Third Maine.

At about 4 pm, McLaws Division hit the Peach Orchard; first from the southwest and subsequently from the northwest. The Third Maine beat off Kernshaws brigade but remained badly exposed to enfilading musketry from Barksdale's Brigade advancing on the Third Maine's right flank. Colonel Lakeman ordered the Third to "refuse" the line, essentially rotating it's companies to face northwest. The colour party, including Danforth Maxcy raced out and assembled 50 metres to the north of the Regiment's position, so that the rest of the regiment could reform aligned to them. In the middle of this maneuver, two regiments of Barksdale's Brigade opened fire. The volley toppled the entire colour party, leaving Danforth wounded and isolated on the field. The Third disintegrated and lost its colours as the men stampeded towards Cemetery Ridge pursued by three Mississippi regiments.

By 8pm the Confederate advance was beaten back by a Federal counterattack. Longstreet's losses were appalling. Most of the divisional and brigade commenders (including Barksdale) were dead or wounded. The Confederate survivors reformed to the west of Emmitsburg Road and collected their wounded.

Rose Farm was now in no-man's-land between the Federal and Confederate lines. Here the stretcher bearers from both armies assembled the thousands of wounded men, including Danforth Maxcy, who must have endured a terrible night amid the screams of the wounded as the surgeons amputated arms and legs. 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Smith Maxcy (1795 - 1872)
  Mary F. Crane Maxcy (1815 - 1849)
 
 Siblings:
  Josiah Maxcy (1820 - 1878)**
  Ira Maxcy (1822 - 1872)**
  Angeline Maxcy Lincoln (1825 - 1900)**
  Reuel Smith Maxcy (1828 - 1900)**
  Elvira M Maxcy Jarvis (1830 - 1909)**
  Matilda A. Maxcy Foy (1831 - 1916)**
  Sanford Newton Maxcy (1835 - 1907)**
  Danforth M. Maxcy (1841 - 1863)
 
*Calculated relationship
**Half-sibling
 
Burial:
Oak Grove Cemetery
Gardiner
Kennebec County
Maine, USA
 
Maintained by: jmmartin22
Originally Created by: Andrew
Record added: Jun 29, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 38882438
Danforth M. Maxcy
Added by: jmmartin22
 
Danforth M. Maxcy
Added by: jmmartin22
 
Danforth M. Maxcy
Added by: DWalt & Patti
 
 
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