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Sir Henry de Lacy
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Birth: Jan., 1251
Lincolnshire, England
Death: Feb. 5, 1311
Holborn
Greater London, England

Knight, Earl of Lincoln, hereditary Constable of Chester, Baron of Clifford, Hertfordshire and Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire. Governor of Knaresborough and Corfe Castles, King's Lieutenant in Gascony, and Aquitaine, Trier of Petitions in Parliament.

Son and heir to Sir Edmund de Lacy and Alasia de Saluzzo, grandson of Magna Carta Baron Sir John de Lacy and Margaret de Quincy, Manfred III, Marquis of Saluzzo and Beatrice, daughter of Amadeus IV, Count of Savoy. He was born 06 or 13 Jan 1251.

Henry married Margaret Longespee, the eldest daughter and co-heiress of Sir William Longespee and Maud de Clifford, daughter of Sir Walter. They were married before 01 June 1268, contracted on or before 23 Dec 1256, and had two sons and two daughters:
* Edmund, born in 1271, drowned in a well in Denbigh Castle
* John, died at Pontefract Castle during his father's lifetime
* Alice, wife of Sir Thomas of Lancaster
* Margaret, died in childhood

Secondly, he married Joan Martin, the daughter of William Martin, Lord Martin, and Eleanor, daughter of Sir Reynold Fitz Peter. They were married before 16 June 1310 and had no issue.

Henry also had an illegitimate son, John de Lacy, who had a son, Edmund, and bore the coat of the Lacy Earls.

Henry lost his father when he was a young child, and inherited all the titles and lands from Edmund and his paternal grandmother under the wardship of his mother until he reached twenty-one when he became the Earl of Lincoln.

Sir Henry was known as one of the most trusted and influential men of his time, clearly devoted to King Edward I as one of the king's chief councillors. Henry and John de Warenne, the Earl of Surrey, were involved in a private war about some lands, which Henry III stopped by bringing that issue to court. Henry was knighted in 1272 along with the king's nephew, Henry of Almain. Henry was present at the Siege of Castle Baldwin and the taking of Dolforwyn Castle near Montgomery. Henry went 'beyond the seas' in 1278 to arrange for the marriage of the French king Louis IX's daughter Marguerite, to John, the son of the Duke of Brabant. Soon after he escorted King Alexander III of Scotland on his visit to England. He was appointed to be one of the Lieutenants of England during the King's absences in France, and was awarded the cantreds (can = hundred, tred/tref = town or village) of Rhos and Rudeniog for his service in Wales, as well as the Lordship of Denbigh where Henry built Denbigh Castle.

Henry had an extensive military and political career that included Gascony, Bordeaux, defeating Robert of Artois at Bourg, Toulouse, and fought at Battle of Falkirk in 1298, as well as the Siege of Caerlaverock in 1300, Galloway in 1301, Gascony in 1303.

Sir Henry was present at the coronation of King Edward II in 1308 and carried one of the swords of state. Henry joined the Barons in the letter to the Pope in 1309, and appointed as one of the Ordainers to supersede the King's authority in 1310.

Sir Henry died at his home, Lincoln's inn at London. Joan would remarry before 06 June 1313 to Sir Nicholas de Audley, and she would die shortly before 27 Oct 1322.

From an unknown source: In 1290, his lordship was appointed the chief commissioner for rectifying and discovering abuses and briberies amongst the judges, complained of in parliament; when Thomas Weyland, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, was banished, and all his estates forfeited; Sir John Lovetot, compounded for 500 marks; Roger Leicester (clerk), for 1,000; Sir William Brompton for 6,000, with several others, who were also fined; a proof that the judgment-seat is not always as immaculate as it is represented to be. In 1293, his lordship was sent ambassador to the King of France, to treat concerning the restraint of pirates; and the next year he attended the king into Wales, where he experienced a great repulse, not far from the castle of Denbigh. He was subsequently, for some years, engaged in the French wars: first under Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, but after the decease of that prince, he had the sole command of the army himself. In 1299 and 1300, his lordship was in the wars of Scotland; in 1301 he was constituted governor of Corff Castle, and two years afterwards, joined in commission with the bishop of Winchester and others, to treat of peace with the court of France. In 1305, the earl was deputed, with the bishops of Lichfield and Worcester, to the solemn inauguration of the Pope at Lions, and presented his holiness with diverse vessels of pure gold, from his royal master. After this, we again find him in the wars of Gascony and Scotland; and in 1310, upon that monarch's march into Scotland, the Earl of Lincoln was constituted governor of England, during the king's absence. His lordship died in 1312, " at his mansion house, called Lincoln's Inn, in the suburbs of London, which he himself had erected, in that place, where the Black-friars habitation anciently stood." Immediately before his decease, he called his son-in-law, the Earl of Lancaster, to his bedside, and addressed him in words to the following effect: " Seest thou the church of England, heretofore honorable and free, enslaved by Komish oppressions, and the king's unjust exactions? Seest thou the common people impoverished by tributes and taxes, and from the condition of freemen, reduced to servitude? Seest thou the nobility, formerly venerable through Christendom, vilified by aliens, in their own native country? I therefore charge thee, in the name of Christ, to stand up like a man; for the honor of God, and his church, and redemption of thy country; associating thyself to that valiant, noble, and prudent person. Guy, Earl of Warwick, when It shall be most proper to discourse of the public affairs of the kingdom; who is so judicious in counsel, and mature in judgment. Fear not thy opponents, who shall contest against thee in the truth. And if thou pursue this, my advice, thou shalt gain eternal Heaven." 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Edmund de Lacy (1227 - 1258)
  Alasia de Saluzzo de Lacy (____ - 1311)
 
 Children:
  Alice de Lacy Lancaster (1281 - 1348)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Saint Paul's Cathedral
London
City of London
Greater London, England
 
Maintained by: Anne Shurtleff Stevens
Originally Created by: Jerry Ferren
Record added: Mar 11, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 66771060
Sir Henry de Lacy
Added by: nbo
 
Sir Henry de Lacy
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Creative Commons
 
 
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In memory
- relative
 Added: Aug. 2, 2013
For my 24th Great Grandfather.
- Jerry Ferren
 Added: Mar. 11, 2011
 
 
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