|Birth: ||Mar. 1, 1834, Germany|
|Death: ||Sep. 6, 1912|
Father: Johann Georg MARX
Mother: Maria Barbara HARTMANN
Life of Phillip Marx
"History of Sanpete and Emery Counties Utah"
1898, pages 422-423
Phillip Marx, farmer, son of George and Barbara, was born in Germany March 1, 1834. He learned the trade of a shoemaker. In 1852 he and his brother John came to the Unite States, where he worked at his trade till 1855 when he enlisted in the United States Army, Company A, Seventh regiment of infantry. They were sent to Texas until 1858, and while there had many encounters against Indians. His regiment then marched to the Mississippi River and went up the River by boats to Jefferson Barracks, near St. Louis. They soon started for Utah and walked all the way to Cedar Valley, where they built a post. He was honorable discharged April 23, 1859, very much broken down in health. He now gets a pension of $6 a month from the Government. In May, 1860 he located in Moroni and worked at his trade of a shoemaker for fifteen years. When the Black Hawk War broke out he was made a Caption and drilled the local company, taking an active part throughout the war. In 1872 he took up 160 acres of land, where he now resides, two miles south of Moroni, and has a nice farm of ninety-seven acres. He was married April 23, 1860 to Mary Jacobsen, by whom he has three children; Phillip, Josephine and Jacob. Second wife was Maria Neilsen by whom he has six children; Andrew, George, Tilda, John, Joseph and Alvin. He married a third wife January 2, 1895, Nelsine Rasmussen, born in Denmark September 1831.
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Johannes Phillip Marx was born 1 March 1834 at Asback, Darnstadet, Hessen, (Germany). He is the 6th of 8 children of Maria Barbara Hartmann and Johann George Marx.
As Phillip and his brothers Johann and George did not want to serve in the Hessen army they and their sister Barbara came to America to live. Three years later the brothers joined the U. S. army, 7th Company under General Johnston. They were stationed in Indian Country in Texas for a while. In 1858 they were ordered and sent on the "Mormon Expedition" to the territory of Deseret as Utah was called at that time.
By 1857, the Mormons numbered about 55,000. At this time, W.W. Drummond, disgruntled former Utah Territorial Judge, appeared in the East with letters charging Mormon leaders with various crimes and claiming Utah to be "in substantial rebellion against the laws and authority of the United States." These letters presented to the U.S. attorney general led the United States President James B. Floyd, to quell the supposed rebellion of the Mormons. An army was authorized under General W.S. Harney, who was later succeeded by Col. Albert Sidney Johnston. The total size of this army, with the associated personnel such as teamsters, supply agents, etc., was estimated to have reached some 17,000. Johnston's army was often referred to as the "very flower of American military might" Although this episode - popularly called the "Utah War"-is today but a footnote in American history, its significance was as the hub of a great wheel of event. These events turned inexorably at several landmark events of this nation. Among these was the first intercontinental telegraph line, provided for by U.S. senators Stephen S. Douglas and Jefferson Davis in a bill that would extend the line from Saint Joseph, Mo., to army headquarters in Utah. The line was completed in 1862. To satisfy the Constitutional question of its authority to build a railroad from the east coast to the west coast, Congress successfully invoked the "War Clause," as the U.S. was ostensibly at war with the Utah Mormons. The railway, said one California senator, was needed to transport material and supplies to the army in Utah.
The Utah expedition would eventually cost the nation from $14 to $40 million, depending upon which estimate is accepted, and to leave the treasury near bankruptcy.
A former Prussian soldier, Charles Henry Wilcken, who was one of those who was in the army said, "I heard mentioned frequently that this was the `flower of the American army,' and I felt to say, May the Lord take care of the balance. I had never in all my experience seen anything like it that was called a military organization. As a rule the American army is made up of the scum of the nation-a lot of men that were worthless to society...it seemed to me more like a mob than a regular army, and I soon became disgusted with my situation."
He noted that on the march west, the men weren't given arms or sabres. "The reason the privates had none was, as I learned, because they could not be trusted with them."
The army found lots of hard work "and fasting" making there crossing, he wrote, "The only square meals I ever had were when I had been killing some game."
Brigham Young issued a proclamation of martial law. This proclamation described the army as an "armed, mercenary mob" that "compels us to resort to the great first law of self-preservation." A band of men under Major Lot Smith began to destroy the grasslands in front of the army, stampede its livestock, and burn some of its wagons.
The army's difficulties in finding food increased as the army arrived at Ham's Fork in what is now southwestern Wyoming. "Here we could see now and again little squads of men on horse-back, peeping over the hills," wrote Wilcken. "Sometimes they would descend into the bottoms and set grass on fire and burn the timber. This caused some uneasiness, as we could not turn out our horses to feed for fear they would be run off... Our supply of corn was very near exhausted, and all this began to tell severely on our animals... Cold weather was approaching, teams were poor, provisions were scare, and the heaviest and most dangerous part of the journey was before us."
While Wilcken was with the army, soldiers' rations were three biscuits, two cups of coffee and a small piece of beef per day.
On October 18, 1857, Col. Johnston reported: "The loss of battery horses, draught mules and oxen of the contractors has been very great, in consequence of snowstorms which were encountered on the route and intense old. Our marches each were necessarily short on account of the extreme coldness and inclemency of the weather, and because of the great number of miles on the road occupied by the supply trains and others, and the failing condition of the draught animals starving from cold and hunger...Shelter for our thousands of animals seemed indispensable for the preservation of life, yet a more rapid advance to attain it would, we believe, be attended with immense loss. The snowstorms raged with short intermissions after they commenced for several days, during which time it was exceedingly cold. The thermometer ranged from ten degrees above to sixteen below zero. If shelter could have been found, a halt till the storm subsided would have been ordered; but there was none. The country between this and the South Pass, with the exception of narrow valleys of water courses, is a great desert, affording no shelter by its conformation or by its woods, or even bushes from the furious blasts in these high regions; and no fuel, except the wild sage or willow bushes. There was no alternative but to press forward perseveringly, though slowly marking our route by the frozen horses, mules and oxen. A sufficient number of oxen, tough poor, have been saved to supply the meat part of rations six days in the week, and we have on hand bacon for one day in the week for seven months, and also flour and small rations."
During the winter, negotiations were carried on by Col. Thomas Kane, who had come from the East at the risk of his life. Government negotiators jointed his effort to avoid a war. The negotiators had no power to stop the army, however, which marched June 13, 1858, over the muddy terrain and through swollen rivers toward Salt Lake City. The city, in the meantime, had been vacated in Brigham Young's promise that the army would find nothing but "scorched earth" should they attack. At the last minute both sides offered concessions. The government pardoned the actions of Lot Smith's raiders, and Brigham allowed the army to march through, but not stop in Salt Lake City. This was done June 26, 1858. the army continued on to a site near Fairfield, Utah, in Cedar Valley, where they constructed Camp Floyd, residence of the army for the next three years.
They helped build the post at Cedar Valley and then were encamped at Fort Trydon, Fairfield, Utah when their enlistment expired in Utah. Non of the brothers re-enlisted. Phillip choose to stay in Utah as he had become interest in the Mormon Church and at that time his health was poor and he felt the need to stay and recover his health. George went to Wisconsin and Johann went to New York where their sister Barbara was living.
All three brothers were very good and kind men but also very strict. When they said anything they meant it. This is said to be because their parents were very strict with them.
Phillip went to the central part of the state to the little town of Moroni, Sanpete, Utah where he set up his shop and followed his trade as a shoemaker. It was here that he married Karen Marie Jacobsen on the 22 of April 1860. They had three children.
Phillip waited for sometime before he gained a testimony of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints but when he did he was baptized 8 June 1862. His wife was very happy that he had at last became a member of the church but his brothers and sister were not sure that he had done the right thing.
Polygamy was being practiced at this time and the time came when he felt that this was something that he should do. Karen Marie had to say it was alright before the marriage was preformed. Phillip married Marie Magdalene Nielsen in December of 1866. Soon Karen Marie became very unhappy that he had a second wife and so they were divorced soon after this. Karen took the 3 children and went to Manti to live. In time she remarried and was sealed to her second husband.
Marie and Phillip had 10 children, not 6 as listed in the book. They were 1. Marie Magdeline, 23 August 1867; 2. Andrew, 26 June 1869; 3. George Edward, 9 November 1871; 4. Matilda Christina, 9 December 1873; and 5. William, 16 February 1876, all born in Moroni. 6. John Whitmore, 11 January 1877; 7. Annie Nelsine, 11 December 1879; 8. Joseph, 26 May 1882; 9. Barbara Melsina, 12 March 1885 and 10. Alvin Leroy, 12 August 1887, the last 5 were all born at their farm house in Chester.
In 1873 Phillip took up 160 acres of land two miles south east of Moroni, this was on the west side of the road, just a little past the Y to go to the Moroni Feed Company or to Chester. (On the road that now goes to Wales Reservoir). It was here that he built his home in the style they would have had in Germany. It was a large two story log building with a wood shingled gable roof about 25' by 35'. It was in the south east corner of his yard, near the west side of the Phillip ditch. It was one of a few log homes in the area. He set his house back from the road so they had a lane that went down and U turned into the "yard". In time another house was built and this building became the barn. Phillip proved to be a very good farmer and farmed about 97 areas of his ground.
At this time a crew a men went around each fall to help each other harvest their crops. It was the custom of the time to feed the crew and this was the job of the women of the family. In later years when the crew came to thrash grain at his farm he would take them to Moroni to Jen Hutchensen's Cafe for there noon meal.
He always talked with a heavy accent but then as most of the people in the area were from Europe most of the people did too.
At one time during the Black Hawk War the town leaders thought it would be a good idea to have an Indian Raid practice. When every the people needed to be called into the fort for any reason they had a man who would beat a large drum which meant hurry to the fort as fast as you could. This man was out of town at that time so they asked Phillip to beat the drum. This he did, so hard that he broke the drum!
Phillip was very good with a bull whip, I have heard that he would flip a fly off the back of a horse with out touching the horse! He also had a reputation for being stubborn and having a violent temper. People learned to carefully choose their words so as not to upset him. At home his wife and children would wait on him. When it was time to eat he would sit down at the table and his wife would see that he was fed before she ate. There are stories of how strict he was with all those around him. Some said he was, stubborn, others that he was mean, but all said that he was always honest and fair. All who knew him knew he was a hard worker and a very religious man.
Phillip was very witty and loved to tell jokes when every he could. He was very good to all who came into his home.
Because Phillip had a bad temper, the kids in town loved to tease him to make him real mad. Erwin Morley remembers that as a boy they would go down to his place and throw rocks at this door.
Phillip was a "boss or foreman" on the railroad for a while. One day he got mad at one of the men on the crew, he hit him and broke his own hand!
Lloyd Blackham told me that when he was a boy taking the cows to the farm, Phillip came up the road in a nice scurry. The bull was walking directly in the middle of the road and Lloyd told Phillip he better turn out for the bull, at which Phillip said he never would and the bull went between the horses under the tongue of the scurry, lifting and tipping the scurry over! The bull whip came in handy that time but Phillip carried a grudge much longer than the bull.
At one time his brother George and his wife came to Utah by stage coach and visited with him. The brothers did write to each other. George had a large picture of Phillip and his family hanging in the front room of his house.
Phillip also had time to play, he often called square dances at the parties and dances that were held in Moroni, Wales and Chester. His neighbors often held parties and dances. One of the most populer places to go was over to his niece's place, (his wife Marie's daughter) Hyrum and Marie Nielsen Daniels place which was south of him. They held great dances and always had Phillip call for them.
Phillip and Maria lost three of their children. William died when he was 3 days old, Annie died Thanksgiving day, November 30, 1890. On the 17 of December 1891 they were having dinner after the boys had returned from a hunting trip. One of the guns, which was `unloaded' was picked up by one of the girls and it went off, killing Barbara, who was 6 years old. The following December, Marie, his wife died, leaving Phillip with 7 children to care for.
Three years later, 2 January 1895, he married for the 3rd time to Nelsine Rasmussen. They did not have any children but raised those that Phillip had by his second wife.
At one time Phillip thought he could make money as he designed a horse drawn scurry that he was going to have made and sold to the public as it was a good one but it was at this time that the first cars came out and soon no one was interested in anything that had to do with horses.
Karen Marie Larsen Peterson (1840 - 1924)
Marie Nielsen Marx (1843 - 1892)*
Nelsina Hansen Rasmussen (1831 - 1911)*
Johannes Phillip Marx (1861 - 1933)*
Maria Josephine Marx Jensen (1863 - 1942)*
Jacob Marx (1866 - 1929)*
Andrew Marx (1868 - 1948)*
George Edward Marx (1871 - 1945)*
Matilda Christina Marx Curtis (1874 - 1952)*
William Marx (1876 - 1876)*
John Whitmore Marx (1877 - 1968)*
Annie Nelsine Marx (1879 - 1890)*
Joseph Marx (1882 - 1960)*
Barbara Melvina Marx (1885 - 1891)*
Alvin LeRoy Marx (1887 - 1961)*
Moroni City Cemetery
Maintained by: Michelle Marx
Originally Created by: Dawnetta
Record added: Jun 24, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 54072455