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Pvt Jacob "Jake" ALBERT
Birth: 1795, USA
Death: 1847
Marion County
Illinois, USA

Jacob ALBERT was born the son of John "Simon" ALBERT and Mary GREGOR Albert, who were originally from Pennsylvania. Jacob ALBERT's paternal grandfather, Michael ALBERT, was known to be a blacksmith in Tulpehocken Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania, where this branch of the ALBERT family had once lived back in the 1700s. Jacob ALBERT's grandfather, Michael ALBERT, and Jacob's ALBERT's father, John "Simon" ALBERT, were both known as "blacksmiths by trade" in early ALBERT family records. In later years, Jacob ALBERT's father, John "Simon" ALBERT, was also involved in agriculture, but was primarily described & remembered as a blacksmith.

Early American census documents reveal that Jacob ALBERT was born in the 1790s, in the era following the American Revolutionary War. These documents pinpoint Jacob ALBERT's year of birth as circa 1795, during the time when George & Martha Washington were our President & First Lady. When Jacob ALBERT was born, there were just a scattering of hand-stitched stars on the American flag, during the time when more frontier states were being added to our country. As the nineteenth century dawned in Jacob ALBERT's boyhood years, John & Abigail Adams moved into the newly constructed White House in the year 1800. Just a few years later, Lewis & Clark set off on their western journey to explore the Louisiana Purchase, during Thomas Jefferson's term as U.S. President.

The specific location of Jacob ALBERT's birth has not been fully documented. It is known that Jacob ALBERT's early boyhood years were spent growing up in Logan County, Kentucky, in his parents' household. Kentucky had only recently become an official state in 1792. The history of Kentucky was filled with adventure, patriotism, sacrifice, & historical drama. Frontier settlers from the seaboard colonies flocked to Kentucky during this time period, attracted by the vast wilderness, mild climate, & bountiful wild game. Kentucky's fertile soil attracted farmers & planters. Buffalo, deer, & beaver attracted hunters & fur traders. Towns began to appear on the Kentucky frontier, with settlers, merchants, & craftsmen transforming the wilderness into settlements. As an agricultural state, Kentucky was best known in those times for the production of tobacco, hemp, & corn. Rich in historical tradition, Kentucky was also noted for its lakes, mountains, rivers, rolling hills, vast forests, & wide stretches of farmland.

Jacob was very specifically described as "the oldest of the boys" born to John "Simon" ALBERT & Mary GREGOR Albert in the historic Ware & Albert Family Journal, written in the 1800s. Family documents reveal that he was commonly known as "Jake" within the ALBERT family. Being the "oldest of the boys" in his family, Jacob ALBERT most likely assisted his father with his blacksmith work. Jacob ALBERT would have grown up knowing his father's skills as a craftsman & his father's workmanship associated with the tongs, bellows, anvil, & tools around the roaring blacksmith's forge & fire.

Early American census records reveal that Jacob ALBERT grew up in a large family with many siblings, which also indicate that his parents may have had some children who passed away in their childhood years. Research has shown that his parents had three daughters & six sons who grew to maturity. His parents, John "Simon" ALBERT and Mary GREGOR Albert, were the parents of the following children: Sally ALBERT Felty; Jacob "Jake" ALBERT; William "Bill" ALBERT; Michael "Mike" ALBERT; Betsy ALBERT Worthington; Catherine "Kate" ALBERT Ware; Matthew "Matt" ALBERT; James "Jim" ALBERT; & Willis ALBERT.

John "Simon" ALBERT & his wife, Mary GREGOR Albert, were residing in Logan County, Kentucky, by the late 1790s.
The earliest known tax record that documents their presence in Logan County, Kentucky, dates from the year 1799 during their son Jacob ALBERT's childhood. These tax documents also reveal that the ALBERT family had some livestock during Jacob ALBERT's boyhood, including a few horses. Jacob ALBERT's parents are shown to be living in Logan County from the late 1790s up until the year 1810. At that time, Butler County, Kentucky, was formed from a portion of Logan County, Kentucky. From the year 1810 forward, this ALBERT family is listed in the records of Butler County, Kentucky. Located just north of the Tennessee border, Logan County & Butler County in Kentucky are the places where Jacob ALBERT spent his boyhood years as a blacksmith's son & where he grew to young manhood.

Early hunters & trappers in Logan County & Butler County found native white-tailed deer, northern raccoons, gray squirrels, swamp rabbits, cottontail rabbits, woodchucks, bobcats, river otters, coyotes, bog lemmings, & Virginia oppossums. The creeks, rivers, & streams in the area around Jacob ALBERT's boyhood home were filled with bass, perch, carp, shad, shiners, chub, sunfish, bluegill, catfish, walleye, & rainbow trout for frontier fishermen.

In terms of agriculture, the farmers of Logan County & Butler County where Jacob ALBERT lived in his boyhood years grew primarily tobacco, corn, wheat, rye, flax, Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes, peas, beans, hay, & garden produce. These farmers also produced butter, cheese, maple sugar, molasses, wool, beeswax, & honey. The early settlers of Logan County & Butler County had litters of pigs, flocks of sheep, herds of cattle, & horses during Jacob ALBERT's boyhood years.

These frontier settlers of Kentucky found native trees that were used to provide homes, shelters, pioneer forts, tools, farming implements, barrels, fencing, furniture, fuel, & household utensils. The native trees found in Kentucky where Jacob ALBERT spent his boyhood years included oak, maple, hickory, linden, poplar, buckeye, ash, magnolia, sycamore, birch, sweetgum, hackberry, serviceberry, sassafras, persimmon, pecan, pawpaw, dogwood, catalpa, silverbell, hawthorn, pine, hemlock, witch hazel, walnut, blackgum, locust, cherry, cypress, linden, hornbeam, beech, American holly, & the Kentucky coffee tree. As the oldest son in the family, one can envision Jacob ALBERT gathering kindling & splitting firewood for the fireside at his childhood home in Kentucky.

The wildlife areas surrounding Jacob ALBERT's boyhood home were filled with songbirds & game birds that included Baltimore orioles, orchard orioles, screech owls, barred owls, great horned owls, sandhill cranes, barn swallows, bald eagles, chimney swifts, blue jays, woodpeckers, larks, rock pigeons, flickers, bobwhites, Cooper's hawks, red-tailed hawks, ducks, sparrows, red-winged blackbirds, mallards, white-fronted geese, blue herons, ruby-throated hummingbirds, warblers, black vultures, turkey vultures, bluebirds, American crows, nuthatches, goldfinches, meadowlarks, doves, Carolina chickadees, plovers, mockingbirds, cowbirds, buntings, grosbeaks, egrets, sandpipers, cardinals, finches, killdeer, thrushes, & wild turkeys.

These details evoke scenes of the natural environment that surrounded Jacob ALBERT's boyhood home in Logan County & Butler County, Kentucky. The pathway of Jacob ALBERT's life can be traced through these historical records which document the places that Jacob ALBERT lived from his boyhood years in Kentucky until his death in Illinois:

1800 Tax List: Father's Household In Logan County, Kentucky
1810 Census: Father's Household In Butler County, Kentucky
1814 Military Enlistment: Kentucky
1815 Military Discharge: Russellville, Kentucky
1815 Power of Attorney: Butler County, Kentucky
1816 Marriage: Illinois Territory
1818 Census Record: Washington County, Illinois
1820 Census Record: Jefferson County, Illinois
1823 Livestock Record: Marion County, Illinois
1825 County Census: Marion County, Illinois
1830 Census Record: Marion County, Illinois
1840 Census Record: Marion County, Illinois
Bounty Land File: Died In The Year 1847
Courthouse Documents: Died In The Year 1847
Ware Family Journal: Died In Marion County, Illinois

Just as Jacob "Jake" ALBERT was becoming a young man, the War of 1812, known as The Second War For Independence, began on 18 June 1812. As the War of 1812 raged on, the British forces stormed into Washington, D.C., & burned the White House & other key buildings in our nation's capital city on 24 June 1814 during a time in history when there were just fifteen stars on the American flag. Shortly thereafter, Governor Isaac SHELBY of Kentucky called for hundreds of volunteer men from the state of Kentucky to form militia regiments. The state of Kentucky played a major role in the War of 1812. Over the course of the war, nearly 25,000 Kentuckians, including Jacob ALBERT, served the United States.

Historians have uncovered a popular American recruiting song that was often sung during the War of 1812, which encouraged patriots to join the American military. The words to the tune were as follows: "Brave sons of the West, the blood in your veins ... At danger's approach waited, not for persuaders; You rushed from ... your mountains, hills, & plains. And followed your streams ...to repel the invaders."

With approximately sixty percent of this war's casualties being from Kentucky, the War of 1812 placed a national focus on the role of Kentuckians in this war. Kentucky suffered more casualties than any other state combined, which greatly impacted the Kentucky home front after the War of 1812. Volunteers from Kentucky provided exceptional support for the war effort and were often enthusiastic to sign up for militia duty to support their country. As the "Second American Revolution," the War of 1812 provided a true national identity for the United States, with soldiers from Kentucky playing a vital role in the War of 1812. It was during the War of 1812 that Francis Scott Key penned the words to the "Star Spangled Banner", which became our national anthem.

As a young man nearing twenty years of age, Jacob "Jake" ALBERT served his country as a military private in the War of 1812. He enlisted in the autumn season of 1814 in Kentucky, & his Commencement of Service date is shown to be 20 November 1814. His Expiration of Service date is shown to be 20 May 1815, showing that he served a military tour of duty for six months. American poet Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote these stirring sentiments: "We have shared the uncommunicable experience of war ... We have felt, we still feel ...The passion of life at its top ... In our youths, our hearts were touched with fire."
* * * * * * *
From that time period, a poem appeared in the INDEPENDENT CHRONICLE entitled "THE SOLDIER'S SONG" which sums up the emotions that young soldiers like Jacob ALBERT felt when they signed up to serve their country:

Ere the dew on the valley had melted away,
Or the morning bird finished his earliest day;
With battle-ax keen and with bayonet bright,
From the home of my childhood I marched to the fight.

'Tis true in that march I shall leave far behind,
A father's that dear, & a mother's that kind;
And sometime when fiercely the winter-winds rise,
My sisters in anguish may wipe their blue eyes.

But I go in the spirit of freedom to save,
Any my fate if I fail is the fate of the brave;
I go where the fife wakes its melody thrill,
And the watch fire burns on the brow of the hill.

I well know the soldier's a pitiless lot,
And the scars on his bosom too soon are forgot;
He's awed into silence nor dare he complain,
At the cold sleety shower or the fast driving rain.

I go to the wilderness far in the west,
Where the footsteps of murder the soil has oft pressed;
Where the billowy Lake in the summer breeze plays,
And thirsting for carnage the red savage strays.

Then father and mother and sister adieu !
'Tis my country I weep for, remembering you;
The reward that I ask & the boon that I crave,
Is the warrior's renown or the patriot's grave.

* * * * * * * *
Personal reminiscences written by War of 1812 soldiers reveal that soldiers like Jacob ALBERT were often outfitted for duty in unbleached tow-linen hunting shirts & trousers, with low-crown hats. Due to uniform shortages, many soldiers simply went to war wearing the everyday clothing in which they had enlisted. Historians note that many Kentucky militamen arrived for military duty with their own rifles from their homes. The Kentucky militiamen were often dressed in hunting shirts with slightly fringed edges, often made of linsey-woolsey, which is woven from flax & wool. Kentucky militiamen remembered that these hunting shirts were often dyed blue with indigo dye, yellow with hickory bark dye, or brown with black walnut dye. Kentucky militiamen were often remembered for wearing their "Kentucky hunting shirts & Kentucky jeans", a leather belt for a tomahawk, a shoulder strap for their powder horn, & shoes or moccasins. During the war, there were times when Kentucky militamen had nothing left but ragged homespun clothes, shortages of tents & blankets, & very few supplies & provisions. In his book THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS, War of 1812 historian Z.T. Smith stated in regard to the Kentucky soldiers,"Believing that they would be furnished suitable clothing or pay, blankets, tents, arms, & munitions, with reasonable promptness, they left home with little else than the one suit of clothing they wore, usually of homespun jeans."

Soldiers from the War of 1812 remembered the leather straps they wore around their waists or cross belts across their chest. They often carried a tomahawk, knife, cartridge box, spare flints, gunpowder, powder horns, musket balls, bullet pouch, bayonet, & quart-sized water canteen. Soldiers were usually armed with a musket & shouldered a linen knapsack with a blanket lashed to the top. Both of these were often covered with an oilcloth to protect them from stormy weather. Some soldiers also carried pickaxes, spades, pikes, pistols, carbines, rifles, shovels, felling axes, iron kettles, tin pans, & provisions.

In the War of 1812, a soldier's knapsack often contained an extra shirt, a pair of pantaloons, a pair of trousers, an extra pair of stockings, a blanket, a fatigue frock, a pair of shoes or even moccasins, a brush, a handkerchief, & some provisions such as cold chicken & some baked biscuits. A young soldier from the War of 1812 named Pvt. John P. Kennedy remembered, "There I was, eighteen years of age, knapsacked, with blanket, canteen, & haversack & detailed for ... duty." A War of 1812 soldier's military gear & knapsack often weighed thirty-five pounds, with troops sometimes traveling an average of twenty-five miles a day on foot. Writing to relatives back home, one War of 1812 soldier wrote: "My limbs were so stiff & sore at the end of each day's march that I could hardly walk."

Company Pay Roll records from the National Archives show that Pvt. Jacob ALBERT was paid $8.00 a month to serve as a soldier in the War of 1812. The total pay due to him at the conclusion of his six months of military service to his country was $48.00, which amounts to soldier's pay of about 25 cents per day. Jacob ALBERT's Company Muster Roll records show that he was present & accounted for during his entire term of service. Some of his Company Muster Roll records were registered at Russellville, Kentucky, & others at Camp Jackson.

Years later in 1891, the Kentucky Legislature published the ROSTER OF THE VOLUNTEER OFFICERS & SOLDIERS FROM KENTUCKY IN THE WAR OF 1812 which honored the War of 1812 soldiers from Kentucky. This book lists Pvt. Jacob ALBERT as one of the soldiers serving his country from the State of Kentucky. This book also lists the military colonels, captains, majors, lieutenants, ensigns, sergeants, corporals, adjutants, quartermasters, privates, paymasters, surgeons, surgeon's mates, drum majors, fife majors, & musicians who served alongside Pvt. Jacob ALBERT.

In 1904, Zachariah Frederick Smith wrote the War of 1812 history book entitled THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS. In this book, there is a section entitled "List of Kentuckians In The Battle Of New Orleans" & Pvt. Jacob ALBERT is listed as one of the soldiers who was present at the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812. Pvt. Jacob ALBERT's name appears under Lieutenant-Colonel William Mitchusson's 14th Regiment of Kentucky Detached Militia, serving in Captain Robert Patterson's 10th Company within the 14th Regiment. There were reported to be 746 military officers and enlisted soldiers in Jacob ALBERT's regiment, with 79 officers & soldiers serving alongside Jacob ALBERT in his immediate military company. Some soldiers & fellow comrades within Jacob ALBERT's very own regiment died while in service to their country during the War of 1812.

The War of 1812 officially ended on 18 February 1815. General Andrew Jackson kept the Kentucky soldiers stationed around New Orleans for several weeks, awaiting confirmation of the U.S. Senate's ratification of the peace treaty & awaiting news that the British troops had left American shores. Pvt. Jacob "Jake" ALBERT's service lasted through these final weeks & months in the War of 1812. Historians state that the Kentucky soldiers began their homeward journey on 18 March 1815. They faced a long & fatiguing journey, with very few provisions or means of transportation for their baggage. After weeks of travel, these troops reached Kentucky in May of 1815, after having suffered tremendous hardships on their long journey home. Distance calculations reveal that these militamen journeyed over 1,000 miles in all. General Andrew Jackson praised these Kentucky militiamen and the deprivations they had faced when he stated that they were "the worst provided (for) body of men, perhaps, that ever went ... miles from home to help a sister state (Louisiana)."

Pvt. Jacob ALBERT's record of service is proven by his HONORABLE DISCHARGE certificate given to him by his military captain following his term of service. His honorable discharge certificate reads as follows: "I certify that Jacob ALBERT, a private in Captain Robert Patterson's Company of Infantry, belonging to the 14th Regiment, Kentucky Detached Militia, has faithfully performed a tour of duty of six months in said company, and is therefore HONORABLY discharged. Given under my hand at Russellville, Kentucky, the 20th day of May, 1815.(Signed) Robert PATTERSON, Captain 14th Regiment~Kentucky Detached Militia"

Returning home to Butler County, Kentucky, in 1815, Jacob ALBERT filed a Power of Attorney document in late September of 1815. This document shows that Jacob ALBERT wrote his signature with an "X", which indicates he was illiterate: "Know all men by these presents, that I, Jacob ALBERT, of Butler County & State of Kentucky, for diverse good causes to me hereunto moving, do nominate & appoint Oliver C. Porter of said County & State, my attorney in fact, for the purpose of drawing my pay from the paymaster of the 14th Regiment, for my services while in the service of the United States, under the command of Robert Patterson of Logan County, Kentucky, who was under the command of General Thomas White at New Orleans, hereby authorizing my said attorney to sign the payroll for me, & in my name, & do all other legal acts for the purpose of drawing the same that may be necessary, hereby ratifying & confirming whatsoever, my said attorney may do the same. In testimony of which I have hereunto set my hand & affixed my seal, this 26th day of September 1815. (Signed With) His Mark: Jacob ALBERT"

Descendants today can envision a homecoming & reunion with his parents & siblings as Jacob ALBERT returned home to Kentucky after his war service in the spring season of 1815. Pvt. Jacob ALBERT's return to Kentucky is echoed in this excerpt from Robert Burns' historic ballad entitled THE SOLDIER's RETURN:

When wild war's deadly blast was blown,
And gentle peace returning,
With many a sweet babe fatherless,
And many a widow mourning;
I left the lines & tented field,
Where long I'd been a lodger,
My humble knapsack all my wealth, a poor & honest soldier.
For gold the merchant ploughs the main,
The farmer ploughs the manor;
But glory is the soldier's prize,
The soldier's wealth is honor;
The brave poor soldier never despise,
Nor count him as a stranger;
Remember he's his country's stay, in day & hour of danger.
* * * * * * *
The era following the War of 1812 marked a major turning point in the history of this branch of the ALBERT family. After the War of 1812, members of this branch of the ALBERT family began to migrate from Butler County, Kentucky, to Illinois Territory in the 1810s. Shortly after his military service in the War of 1812, & the signing of his "Power of Attorney" document in late September 1815 in Butler County, Kentucky, Jacob "Jake" ALBERT migrated from Kentucky to the frontier lands of Illinois Territory.

It is believed that Jacob "Jake" ALBERT migrated to Illinois Territory with his brother William ALBERT, both of them bachelors at the time of their migration. The ALBERT brothers reached the area of Illinois Territory that would later become Marion County, Illinois, when it was eventually formed on 24 January 1823. Packing up their essential supplies, keepsakes, & provisions, Jacob ALBERT & his brother William ALBERT traveled in a north-westerly direction, covering a distance of nearly 200 miles to reach their destination. With many days of travel awaiting them in their journey from their parental home in Kentucky to Illinois Territory, the two ALBERT brothers would have forded across the mighty Ohio River, as well as dozens of smaller rivers, creeks, & streams. Among the keepsakes that Jacob ALBERT carried with him on his journey to Illinois Territory, it is known that he kept with him the official military honorable discharge certificate signed by his military captain from the War of 1812. Today, Jacob ALBERT's War of 1812 discharge certificate, yellowed with age & treasured by his descendants, is preserved in his Bounty Land File at the National Archives in Washington, D.C.

Historians relate that the journey to Illinois Territory in those days was often arduous & difficult for early frontiersmen like Jacob & William ALBERT. The journey to Illinois was described as a long, tedious, & dangerous expedition. During this time period, Illinois Territory was sparsely settled, with tall-grass prairies, native timber lands, & unsettled wilderness awaiting them. Illinois Territory experienced its first settlement "boom" following the War of 1812 & the subsequent opening of land sales. Receiving their soldier's pay from the War of 1812 & seeking new opportunities, many of these new Illinois frontiersmen were War of 1812 veterans, just like Pvt. Jacob ALBERT. Like the ALBERT brothers, a great number of the new Illinois settlers migrated from Kentucky. In fact, Illinois Territory has been described as a newfound "Promised Land" for thousands of Illinois pioneers who hailed from Kentucky. The population of Illinois Territory skyrocketed from about 12,000 settlers in the year 1810 to about 55,000 settlers by the year 1820. John Reynolds, who later became Governor of Illinois stated, "The (War of 1812)soldiers from the adjacent States as well as those from Illinois itself, saw the country & never rested in peace until they located themselves & families in it."

As Jacob & William ALBERT migrated to Illinois Territory during this booming period of pioneer settlement, James & Dolley Madison were the U.S. President & First Lady of the United States. The ALBERT brothers left Kentucky & headed north-west to the frontier lands of Illinois Territory, which beckoned to them from afar. Migrating frontiersmen like Jacob & William ALBERT rose before dawn to prepare for each day's journey & usually traveled until sundown, where they would set up camp for the night. ALBERT family descendants today can envision these early pioneers camping out on the frontier each night in the light of a campfire under starlit skies. One can only imagine the vast wilderness they saw, as each ensuing mile brought them closer & closer to their destination.

Frontiersmen Morris Birbeck & George Flower explored Illinois Territory during the 1810s & described the Illinois frontier that Jacob ALBERT would have seen as he first arrived in these words: "A small cabin & a low fence greeted our eyes A few steps more, & a beautiful prairie suddenly opened to our view. At first, we only received the impressions of its general beauty. With longer gaze, all its distinctive features were revealed, lying in profound repose under the warm light of an afternoon's summer sun ... its varied surface interspersed with clumps of oaks of centuries' growth, its tall grass, with seed stalks from six to ten feet high, like tall & slender reeds waving in a gentle breeze ... the eye wandered up a long stretch of prairie ... with our arms raised above our brows, we gazed long & steadily, drinking in the beauties of the scene which had been so long the object of our search."

In historian Solon J. Buck's book entitled ILLINOIS IN 1818, was this reflection: "A striking characteristic of these people was their love of the frontier ... they packed up their few possessions & pushed into the interior. These people were true pioneers; they had become experts in grappling with frontier conditions. They blazed the trail for the more permanent settlers who were to follow ... a part of them became permanent settlers themselves ... the real explanation is to be found in the irresistible attraction which the wilderness exerted upon these people. They were essentially frontiersmen; they preferred life in the woods ... they had a reckless hope of finding something better a little farther on ... they were always ready to take a sportsman's chance on the unknown."

After arriving in Illinois Territory, Jacob "Jake" ALBERT spent the last thirty years of his life living in Illinois, where he is recognized today as one of the very earliest settlers in what was to become Marion County, Illinois. Early county histories indicate that most of the earliest residents of Marion County simply became land squatters, without formally holding any legal titles to the land when they first arrived. Marion County, Illinois, became the home for several succeeding generations of Jacob ALBERT's family, some of whom still reside there today.

Historians from the 1800s described Marion County as an area covered with timber lands & prairie lands, sprinkled with small creeks, streams, & water springs. Early Marion County pioneers such as Jacob ALBERT found an abundance of trees as a resource for making furniture, wagons, wooden utensils, animal yokes, tools, fences, implements, barrels, fuel, & for the building of their log cabins. These early Marion County settlers like Jacob ALBERT found timber lands covered with a magnificent growth of native trees such as oak, elm, birch, sycamore, maple, buckeye, sasafrass, cottonwood, paw paw, hawthorn, ash, black cherry, locust, serviceberry, hazelnut, box elder, poplar, linden, basswood, hackberry, butternut, black walnut, willow, gum, sugar, hornbeam, hickory, beech, red cedar, haw, persimmon, tulip, bittersweet, alder, & Kentucky coffee trees, all native to Marion County. Pioneer settlers also found red mulberries, wild plums, wild cherries, crabapples, wild gooseberries, currants, chokecherries, elderberries, blackberries, summer grapes, frost grapes, black raspberries, red raspberries, wild strawberries, & prairie roses.

These early 1800s settlers recalled that some of the prairie grasses grew "as tall as a man's head, riding on horseback" when they first arrived in Marion County, Illinois. Native berries, roots, fruit, wild nuts, acorns, & bark provided additional food for the pioneer table, supplemental food for livestock, fabric dyes, home-remedy medicines, & other items useful to Marion County settlers. Marion County's 1881 history book by Brink-McDonough detailed pioneer life experiences as settlers first arrived in Marion County, Illinois: "His first labor was to fell trees & erect his unpretentious cabin, which was rudely made of logs, & into the raising of which he had the cheerful aid of his neighbors. A huge fireplace was built at one end of the house, in which fire was kindled for cooking purposes ... which furnished the needed warmth in the winter."

Professor J.H.G. Brinkerhoff described the experience of these early settlers upon their arrival in Marion County in these words: "The home of the settler was at first usually a one-room, log cabin, to which were added a room or two as necessity and opportunity required or permitted ... All lived in log houses which were very poorly provided with light, a hole in the wall serving as a window, but minus the glass. They were all provided with wide, deep fireplaces, with backs and jambs made of flat rocks placed in mortar to protect the wood from the fire. The fireplace had to be made so as to take in a large quantity of big wood to make sufficient heat to keep the family reasonably comfortable."

In 1816, Jacob "Jake" ALBERT married Miss Patsy YOUNG, a daughter of Captain Samuel YOUNG, a Revolutionary War veteran & the first pioneer settler of what eventually became Marion County, Illinois. Jacob ALBERT & Patsy YOUNG's courtship & subsequent wedding ceremony in 1816 in Illinois Territory is known as the very first wedding in the history of what eventually became Marion County, Illinois. Jacob ALBERT & Patsy YOUNG were married when James & Dolley Madison were the U.S. President & First Lady. The earliest history book of Marion County was Brink-McDonough's 1881 HISTORY OF MARION & CLINTON COUNTIES, ILLINOIS, which honored Jacob ALBERT's marriage to Miss Patsy YOUNG in these words: "The first marriage (in the history of Marion County, Illinois) occurred in 1816, the contracting parties were Jacob ALBERT & Miss Patsy YOUNG. Mr. ALBERT was a soldier of the War of 1812. The ceremony was performed by Abijah Lee, a Justice of the Peace."

Jacob ALBERT's arrival & subsequent marriage to Miss Patsy YOUNG was honored in another section of the same history book in these words: "Jacob & William ALBERT arrived in this county (Marion County) from (Kentucky) about the same time Captain Young came (to Marion County). Jacob ALBERT married Captain Young's daughter, Patsy, in 1816, the ceremony being performed by a justice of the peace named Abijah Lee."

Jacob ALBERT's wife, Patsy YOUNG Albert, had arrived in Marion County with her siblings and widowed father just previous to Jacob ALBERT's arrival after his service in the War of 1812. Their wedding ceremony being known as the first in the history of what became Marion County was honored in another passage in Brink-McDonough's 1881 history of Marion County in these words: "The first house built in the county was the log cabin erected for a residence in 1813 by Capt. Samuel YOUNG, and stood a few miles south of Salem (Illinois). It was afterward used as a stable, & at present, not a vestige of it remains. The first wedding in the county was that of Jacob ALBERT and Miss Patsy YOUNG in 1816, the ceremony being performed, as elsewhere stated, by a justice of the peace named Abijah Lee. The first white child born in the county (Marion County) was the daughter of the parties just mentioned, which birth occurred in 1817."

Some years later, Professor J.G.H. Brinkerhoff's 1909 HISTORY OF MARION COUNTY, ILLINOIS, was written & he noted the historic wedding of Jacob ALBERT & Patsy YOUNG as follows: "Shortly after Captain YOUNG (settled in Marion County) ... about that same time two brothers, Jacob & William ALBERT, followed the YOUNGS from the same neighborhood (back in Kentucky). Jacob ALBERT was married to Patsy YOUNG in 1816, by Abijah Lee, acting Justice of the Peace ... "

Professor Brinkerhoff also wrote this in regard to the historic wedding of Jacob ALBERT & Miss Patsy YOUNG: "The first marriage in the county was Samuel YOUNG's daughter, Patsy, to Jacob ALBERT, a soldier of the second war with Great Britain (The War of 1812). Abijah Lee, a Justice of the Peace, performed the ceremony. This wedding was in 1816. The first child born (in what became Marion County, Illinois) was a daughter of this couple."

Jacob ALBERT married Patsy YOUNG & his brother William ALBERT married Nancy YOUNG, both of their brides being daughters of Captain Samuel YOUNG, recognized as the original white settler of Marion County, Illinois. It is believed that the ALBERT family had become acquainted with the YOUNG family back in Kentucky, which led to the migration of the ALBERT family to the same locality as the YOUNG family in what became Marion County, Illinois. Family folklore has suggested that the courtship of the two ALBERT brothers with the two YOUNG family sisters may have begun back in Kentucky.

Early in his married years, Jacob ALBERT is shown as the head of the household for the very first time in a historic census taken in 1818, during the territorial history days of Illinois when James Monroe was the U.S. President. Living in immediate proximity to Jacob and Patsy YOUNG Albert on the Illinois frontier in 1818 were other members of the ALBERT & YOUNG families, including Patsy's father, Captain Samuel YOUNG. They were all shown to be living in rural Washington County, Illinois, which later became part of Marion County, when it formed a few years later in 1823.
This 1818 census report showing Jacob ALBERT as a young married husband with a total four members in the household, which would reflect the presence of Jacob and Patsy YOUNG Albert as a young newlywed pioneer couple & their two oldest children, Nancy & Simon, who were just infants at the time of the 1818 Illinois census.

As a young married couple starting a family of their own on the Illinois frontier, Jacob & Patsy ALBERT were already residents when the pioneer settlers of Illinois Territory marked their transition to statehood, when Illinois became an official state on 3 December 1818, becoming known as THE PRAIRIE STATE. In the early days of Illinois statehood, the 1820 U.S. Federal Census shows Jacob ALBERT as the head of a rural family household in what was then Northern Township in Jefferson County, Illinois. This historic 1820 census document hand-written with a quill feather pen during the U.S. Presidency of James Monroe, reflects that Jacob ALBERT and his wife, Patsy YOUNG Albert, had already become the parents of two young children, Nancy & Simon, by the time of the 1820 census enumeration. The 1820 census also shows that the head of this household, Jacob ALBERT, a young husband & father, was specifically "engaged in agriculture", as were the other members of the ALBERT & YOUNG families who were all living in immediate proximity to Jacob & Patsy YOUNG Albert on the sparsely populated Illinois frontier.

Historians note that this area of Illinois was commonly settled by pioneers from the South, such as this branch of the ALBERT family from Kentucky. These Southern settlers were used to outdoor agricultural life & manual farm labor & Southern settlers greatly defined this area of frontier Illinois in terms of traditions and customs & culture. Most of the pioneers who settled in this area of Illinois farmed, hunted, trapped, fished, & utilized the resources of both the prairie & the timber lands.

In his book, ILLINOIS IN 1818, Solon J. Buck included this passage from Illinois historians: "The majority of them were southerners ... As was the case with the frontiersmen, many of them had lived in Kentucky ... before locating in Illinois ... They are hospitable, kind to strangers, honest & trustworthy ... The improvements ... are usually confined to building a rude log cabin, clearing & fencing a small piece of ground for raising Indian corn. A horse, a cow, a few hogs, & some poultry, comprise his livestock ... They are the best marksmen in the world ... Many of them spent a great part of their time ... on hunting excursions, in pursuit of deer, fur, & wild fowl ... dextrous with the ax, they built all our first log-cabins ... Those who stayed at home, contented themselves with cultivating a few acres of Indian corn ... and providing a supply of prairie hay for their cattle & horses ... their little corn-patch increases to a field, their first shanty to a small log-house ... in which the loom & spinning wheel are installed. A well & a few fruit-trees after a time complete the improvement. Moderate in their aspirations, they soon arrive at the summit of their desires."

The earliest settlers of what became Marion County, Illinois, in 1823 shared reflections of what these early settlers like Jacob ALBERT encountered when they reached this area in Brink-McDonough's 1881 history book about Marion County in these words: "In the early days, the prairies & forests of this region abounded in game of all kinds. Deer, elk, panthers, wolves, & bears were as plentiful here then as the same animals are now in the wilderness of the far west. In was no uncommon sight to see fifty deer in a gang quietly grazing on the prairies, & in one case even three hundred are reported to have been counted at one time on the ridge ... The region was at that time full of wildcats, bears, wolves, elk, deer, buffalo, & many other less prominent species of wild animals ... Wolves at that time howled through the night & the scream of the panther could be heard in the surrounding woods ... the wilds of this unsettled region, where nightly the forests were made hideous with the howling of wolves, the growling of bears, & the screaming of panthers. Chasing wolves & hunting deer were at that early time the common sport & pastime of the people. Indians, too, were then numerous here. As many as seven or eight hundred could be see at one time, assembled for the purpose of hunting ... No finer hunting-grounds could be found than those included within the present limits of Marion & Clinton Counties, & consequently, here assembled from time to time, under their chosen chiefs, the Cahokias and Kaskasias from the west, & the Shawnees from the south, attracted by the bear, elk, deer, & other kinds of game that abounded in this region. It was bands of these tribes that the early white settlers of these two counties encountered when they were building their cabins or ploughing their newly-made fields."

The oldest living settlers, including Jacob ALBERT's relatives, shared reminiscences of eating thinly sliced jerked venison which they hung up around their cabins in their earliest days of settlement. They also recalled eating wild honey, bear bacon, & fresh venison in those first years of settlement in Marion County. Recorded in Brink-McDonough's 1881 history book were descriptions of present-day Marion County during the early 1800s era when Jacob ALBERT first settled there: "Wild meat was plentiful. The settlers generally brought some food with them to last till a crop could be raised. Small patches of Indian corn were raised, which in the earliest days of the settlements, was beaten into a mortar. The (corn) meal was made into a course but wholesome bread ... Johnnycake and (corn) pone were served up at dinner, while mush and milk was the favorite dish for supper ... The streams abounded in fish, which formed a healthful article of food. Many kinds of greens ... were eaten ... the (gardens) furnished roasting ears, pumpkins, beans, squashes, & potatoes, & these were used by all. For reaping-bees, log-rollings, and house-raisings, the standard dish was pot-pie. Coffee & tea were used sparingly ... maple-sugar was much used, & honey ... butter ... (and) eggs ... if one killed hogs, all shared. Chickens were to be seen in great numbers around every doorway; & the gabble of the turkey & quack of the duck were heard in the land ... wild grapes & plums were to be found in their season, along the streams ... they sat down to a ... table to eat from tin or pewter dishes; but the meat thereon spread ... the flesh of the deer or bear, or the wild duck or turkey, of the quail or squirrel ...had been won by the skill of the head of the house or of his vigorous sons. The bread they ate was of their own raising. They walked the green carpet of the grand prairie or forest that surrounded them ... "

Jacob ALBERT and Patsy YOUNG Albert became the parents of the following six children, two daughters & four sons, on the Illinois frontier: Nancy ALBERT Brawley Craig; Simon ALBERT; Mary ALBERT Moore Evans; Eli ALBERT; Levi ALBERT; & William ALBERT. Their oldest daughter, Nancy, is recognized in early history books as the very first child born to white settlers in what later became Marion County, Illinois. It should be noted that two of their sons, Eli & Levi ALBERT, were twins. It is important to note that all of Jacob & Patsy ALBERT's children were among the very first children born in the early history of what became Marion County, Illinois.

Early census records & livestock records indicate that Jacob ALBERT was involved in agriculture & owned livestock in Marion County, Illinois. When Marion County, Illinois, was first formed in 1823 during the Presidency of James Monroe, a journal of the "County Cattle Ear Mark Book" was started for early pioneers to register their personal livestock ear marks to identify their livestock. One of the first registrants on 28 June 1823 was Jacob ALBERT. His registered livestock ear mark was described as a "crop of the right ear & half crop of the left ear" in this early Marion County record. In regard to these early livestock registration records, Professor Brinkerhoff of Marion County stated, "Each family had a mark which was recorded and which no other might use. It was actually a cut or cuts, in the ear or both ears ... & stock which had not been seen for months was readily identified, & as everyone knew every other one's mark, neighbors told neighbors where they had seen their stock & these aided the other in the finding."

Shortly after the 1820 Federal Census, Jacob ALBERT's parents, John "Simon" ALBERT & Mary GREGOR Albert, settled in this same area in Marion County, Illinois, which reunited Jacob ALBERT with his parents. This phenomenon of family members migrating to an area & then encouraging other family members to settle in the same area is known as chain migration. The arrival of Jacob ALBERT's parents brought together three living generations of the ALBERT family in the very early 1820s. Early written family accounts & county records tell us that Jacob ALBERT & members of the ALBERT family clustered together in a rural area in Marion County known to the pioneer residents as "The ALBERT Settlement" in the early 1800s. This was situated in a rural area about seven miles west of Salem, Illinois, in an area known to 1800s Marion County pioneers as "White Plains".

A very early county census, filed with the Marion County Clerk on 26 November 1825, showed there were only 557 residents in Marion County in these early days. This 1825 census was taken during the time period when James Monroe was finishing his term as U.S. President & John Quincy Adams was beginning his term as the new U.S. President. Jacob ALBERT is listed as a head of household, living in the rural countryside of Marion County. Concerning this 1825 county census, Professor Brinkerhoff's history of Marion County stated,"Of the entire population ... all the rest were farmers & more or less hunters, both as a pasttime & as a means of adding to the family larder."

The 1830 Federal Census, taken during the U.S. Presidency of Andrew Jackson, shows that Jacob ALBERT was living in very close proximity to his parents, John "Simon" & Mary ALBERT, & several of his siblings, as well as members of Patsy YOUNG Albert's family in the rural areas of Marion County, Illinois. The 1830 U.S. Federal Census reflects the presence of Jacob & Patsy YOUNG Albert with their five young children named Nancy, Simon, Mary, Eli, & Levi, who were growing up in the household at that time.

During this time period, pioneer settlers flocked to Illinois during the "Land Rush Days" of the 1830s. The rural areas where Jacob & Patsy ALBERT lived & were raising their children in the 1830s pioneer era was described in James Mason Peck's historic GAZETTEER OF ILLINOIS, which was published in 1834. His book described Illinois where Jacob & Patsy ALBERT lived in these words: "No state in the 'GREAT WEST' has attracted so much attention, & elicited so many enquiries from those who desire to avail themselves of the advantages of settlement in a new & rising country, as that of Illinois; & none is filling up so rapidly with an emigrating population from all parts of the United States ... Maize (corn) is a staple production. No farmer can live without it, & hundreds raise little else. This is chiefly owing to the ease with which it is cultivated. Garden vegetables can be produced here in vast profusion, & of excellent quality ... The cultivated vegetable productions in the field are maize or Indian corn, wheat, oats, barley, buckwheat, Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes, turnips, rye for horse feed & distilleries, tobacco, cotton, hemp, flax, the castor bean, & every other production common to the middle states ... Marion County lies in the interior of the state ... & embraces the southern part of the Grand Prairie. It has considerable land ... about one-third timber, & the rest, prairie. Considerable post oak timber is found in this county. The county seat is Salem ... "

As years went by, the 1840 Federal Census taken during the U.S. Presidency of Martin Van Buren for the household of Jacob & Patsy ALBERT shows that Jacob ALBERT & his oldest sons were engaged in agriculture together in rural Marion County, Illinois. The 1840 census also reveals that members of the ALBERT & YOUNG family were still living in immediate proximity to Jacob & Patsy ALBERT's rural home, including Jacob ALBERT's parents, John "Simon" & Mary ALBERT & Patsy YOUNG Albert's widowed father, Capt. Samuel YOUNG. The 1840 U.S. Federal Census shows Jacob ALBERT as the head of the ALBERT family household, comprised of a total of nine family members. The 1840 census reflects the presence of Jacob & Patsy ALBERT, together with their four sons Simon, Eli, Levi, and William; their two daughters Nancy and Mary; and likely Jacob & Patsy's new son-in-law, William "Gov" Brawley. Three members of Jacob ALBERT's rural Marion County household were reported to be employed in agriculture, as were all of their rural neighbors in the immediate vicinity.

Historical statistics compiled from the 1840 U.S. Federal Census show that nearly every resident of Marion County was engaged in agricultural pursuits, including Jacob ALBERT. Their homes were built of wood & timber. The 1840 farmers of Marion County raised primarily corn, oats, wheat, & potatoes, along with smaller quantities of orchard crops, tobacco, cotton, & hay. Careful study of agricultural statistics from 1840 reveal that the farmers of Marion County raised livestock consisting mainly of pigs, cattle, sheep, horses, & poultry birds. As time passed, pioneers planted apple trees, cherry trees, peach trees, strawberries, gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries, & grapes in Marion County, Illinois.

Agricultural census documents reveal that members of Jacob ALBERT's family raised primarily corn in Marion County, Illinois. These agricultural census documents also reveal that the ALBERT family owned a few oxen & horses for farming, along with small flocks of sheep, small litters of pigs, & a few milk cows. One can envision the members of this Illinois pioneer family, clearing & plowing land for planting & engaged in their work tasks & daily farm chores through the spring, summer, fall, & winter seasons of the year on the Illinois prairie. Details from the Agricultural Census reports illuminate pioneer scenes of the ALBERT family using oxen & horses to assist in their field work such as breaking the prairie sod, tilling the soil, plowing, planting, & harvesting. This evokes scenes of their oxen, yoked together as a team, as they pulled the plow through the thick matted roots of the prairie grasses & sod to create furrows in the field for planting. These Agriculture Census documents also reveal that chores such as livestock feeding, the shearing of sheep, the milking of cows, the grooming of horses, the tending of oxen, the feeding of pigs, the churning of homemade butter, country butchering, & summertime gardening were all part of the daily work for the members of the ALBERT family.

Professor J.H.G. Brinkerhoff describes the appearance of early pioneer men such as Jacob ALBERT from Marion County's early days when he stated, "The men & boys wore 'jeans' & linsey-woolsey hunting shirts. The 'jeans' were colored either light blue or butternut. The men & boys, in many instances, wore pantaloons made of the dressed skin of the deer, which then swarmed the prairie in large herds."

Historians describe the meal tables of these Illinois pioneers as being filled with venison, fowl, fresh ham, chicken, turkey, duck, wild game meats, poultry, fish, coursely-grained home-baked bread, Johnnycake, hoe cake, corn pone, garden greens, roasting ears of corn, pumpkins, beans, squash, potatoes, peas, beets, cabbage, tomatoes, garden produce, salted meats, smoked meats, berries, fruits, wild nuts, mushrooms, wild plums, wild grapes, wild honey, milk, eggs, home-churned butter, & maple syrup. Marion County historian J.H.G. Brinkerhoff wrote, "The forest furnished meat & Indian corn was the staff of pioneer life."

Professor J.H.G. Brinkerhoff described the experiences of the pioneer farmers of Marion County such as Jacob ALBERT in these words: "The farmer in those days was poorly provided with teams and mostly oxen were used, consequently they could cultivate only small farms on which enough corn was grown for bran and to feed stock, with the help of prairie hay to feed cattle & horses, & to fatten their hogs, provided they failed to get fat on white oak acorns. But if the pioneer failed to have fat hogs, he could take his rifle and go to the woods & find all the fat deer he wanted, or in fact, any kind of meat he wanted. Both deer & turkey were plentiful ... "

Historians who lived during the 1800s recorded that the early Marion County settlers, hunters, & trappers found an abundance of wildlife such as the American deer, the white-tailed deer, black bear, gray wolf, bobcat, Prairie wolf, gray fox, panther, lynx, weasel, mink, otter, badger, raccoon, opossum, squirrel, woodchuck, muskrat, rabbit, & honeybees. Jacob ALBERT's children told their grandchildren that "deer, bear, & other wild game were abundant during our childhood years" in Marion County, Illinois. In those early frontier days, pioneer settlers described the creeks & rivers of Marion County that were filled with catfish, bass, sunfish, perch, buffalo fish, & carp chub fish. In Marion County, the settlers of the 1800s also found the prairie lands & timber lands inhabited by an abundance of wild turkeys, prairie hens, prairie chickens, grouse, quail, snipes, swans, geese, ducks, loons, plovers, & herons.

The 1881 Brink-McDonough history book written about Marion County stated, "Game was plentiful in pioneer times, such as deer, wolves, prairie chickens, wild turkeys ... perch & catfish were found in the streams. Honey was one of the principal articles of diet among the pioneers. Bears were occasionally found. Whatever meat was needed, the gun was taken down, & a deer was soon killed. Chasing wolves & hunting deer were at that early time the common sport & pasttime of the people. In the early days, the prairies & forest of this region abounded in game of all kinds. Deer, elk, panthers, wolves, & bears were as plentiful here then as the same animals are now in the wilderness of the far West. It was no uncommon sight to see fifty deer in a gang ... Nearly half the county is timbered land, the other somewhat larger half, prairie. Few spectacles are so inspiringly beautiful as a grand prairie at certain seasons of the year ... The bottom lands have a deep, rich soil. The prairie lands in this county are all rich & productive ... the lower & flatter prairies are well adapted to the growing of maize (corn), oats, barley, flax ... the timbered land is dotted here & there with cabins & dwellings & is being rapidly changed into farms. Farmers have entered what was once a forest, & caused it to bloom & blossom as the rose."

Starting in the early 1840s, Jacob ALBERT & Patsy YOUNG Albert became grandparents for the first time, as their oldest children began marrying & starting families of their own. With Jacob ALBERT's elderly parents, John "Simon" ALBERT and Mary GREGOR Albert still alive, Marion County became home to four living generations of the ALBERT family during the 1840s.

A description of Illinois in the 1800s, written for the time-honored UNITED STATES GAZETTEER describes what Illinois looked like during the pioneer time period: "Her wide-spread prairies, decked with flowers of every hue that can gratify the eye, and covered with waving grass, convey, besides their quiet landscape beauty, a feeling of sublimity from their vastness, similar to that created by viewing the ocean ... The prairies are not generally flat, but gracefully undulating, & profusely decked with the greatest variety of beautiful wild flowers of every hue, which ravish the beholder with delight."

As the years went by, Jacob & Patsy ALBERT would have marked thirty years of marriage together in Marion County, Illinois. Shortly after the time of their 30th Wedding Anniversary, documents on file at the National Archives in Washington, D.C., state that Jacob ALBERT & his wife, Patsy YOUNG Albert, both died in the year 1847 in Marion County, Illinois. A legal affadavit filed after their passing stated that "Jacob ALBERT died some time in the year of our Lord, 1847" & that his wife, Patsy YOUNG Albert, also "died in the year 1847".

At the time of their deaths, there were four living ALBERT generations living in Marion County, including Jacob ALBERT's elderly parents, John "Simon" ALBERT & Mary GREGOR Albert. Jacob & Patsy ALBERT were survived by their six children & some young grandchildren, with their youngest children still living at home at the time of Jacob & Patsy ALBERT's death in 1847. Years later, one of Jacob & Patsy ALBERT's younger children stated, "Both my parents died. I was on my own."

Funerals for early Marion County pioneer settlers in the 1800s were described by historian J.H.G. Brinkerhoff in these words: "Funerals were conducted by the settlers themselves, no undertakers being in the locality. The coffin was generally a plain, wooden box that some settler, handy with tools, made, & the men of the neighborhood, acted as sextons and dug the grave. The coffin was hauled to the burying place on a sled or in a farm wagon, if any distance, & after a prayer by some older man of the community, was deposited in the grave, which was then filled up by relays of the neighbors, all staying until the little mound was shaped & smoothly patted down by the spades of the works. If, as was often the case, the burial was on the land of the family, the body was carried to the grave."

The exact location of Jacob & Patsy ALBERT's gravesite has been the subject of speculation & mystery for several generations. It is strongly believed that Jacob & Patsy ALBERT are buried within the boundaries of Marion County, Illinois, where they had courted, married & raised their family together after both of them had arrived in Marion County as young people in the first wave of pioneer settlement in the 1810s. Despite years of historical research, no trace of an existing tombstone for Jacob or Patsy ALBERT has ever been found.

Born during the time when George Washington was the U.S. President, Jacob Albert lived through the presidential terms of the first eleven U.S. Presidents in our nation's history. At the time of Jacob Albert's death in 1847, President James K. Polk lived in the White House. Jacob ALBERT died during the Mexican War era in America's history. At the time of Jacob ALBERT's death in 1847, there were twenty-nine stars sewn onto the American flag. He had lived the life of a true 1800s American pioneer.

In the years following Jacob & Patsy ALBERT's deaths in 1847, their oldest son, Simon ALBERT, was appointed the legal guardian for their youngest son, William ALBERT. Using their father's Honorable Discharge certificate from the War of 1812, Jacob ALBERT's children proved their father's military service to the United States & a Bounty Land grant of 80 acres was granted in honor of the late Jacob ALBERT, based on the Bounty Land Warrant Act which was passed on 28 September 1850. This 80 acres of Military Bounty Land issued in honor of Jacob ALBERT was issued on 15 April 1853 and was located in Township 2 North, Range 2 East, of the East 1/2 of the South-West 1/4 of Section #35, located on the southern edge of rural Salem Township in Marion County, Illinois.

This military land grant was subsequently sold, & the profit from the sale of the land was used for the benefit of Jacob & Patsy's youngest child until he reached adulthood following the deaths of both Jacob & Patsy ALBERT in 1847. Handling the legal case for this Military Bounty Land Warrant for the ALBERT heirs was Isham Nicholas Haynie (1824 - 1868), who was a lawyer & judge & politician in Marion County, Illinois. It was also Mr. Haynie who subsequently purchased the 80 acres of land from the heirs of Jacob ALBERT. Years later, Isham Nicholas Haynie became well known in American history as a lawyer, judge, & also an Adjutant General of Illinois, as well as a Mexican War & Civil War veteran. Ironically, Isham Nicholas Haynie was present at the death of President Abraham Lincoln in 1865, & was part of the official delegation appointed to accompany President Lincoln's body back to Illinois after Lincoln's death.

In the years following their deaths, three of Jacob & Patsy ALBERT's sons joined the Civil War in the 1860s, continuing the record of military service in this family. Two of Jacob & Patsy Albert's sons, the twin brothers named Eli ALBERT & Levi ALBERT, served in the Union Army during the Civil War. Pvt. Levi ALBERT died after being wounded as a Union soldier & is buried in the Nashville National Cemetery in Nashville, Tennessee. Jacob & Patsy's youngest son, William ALBERT, who moved to Texas before the Civil War, joined the Confederate Army during the Civil War. This is an example of brothers from the same family serving on two different sides during the Civil War. As the years went by, direct descendants of Jacob ALBERT have served in the U.S. military, including several of his descendants who proudly served the U.S.A. during World War II.

In recent years, Pvt. Jacob ALBERT was recognized by the Illinois War of 1812 Bicentennial Commission as an official War of 1812 veteran who was buried in the State of Illinois. Today, Jacob ALBERT's War of 1812 war service record would allow any of his living descendants to join the War of 1812 Historical Society at the state or national level. Pvt. Jacob ALBERT's settlement in Illinois Territory in the 1810s & his subsequent marriage in 1816 to Miss Patsy YOUNG would entitle any of their descendants to obtain an official ILLINOIS PRAIRIE PIONEER certificate from the Illinois Genealogical Society.

Brink-McDounough's 1881 history book of Marion County, Illinois, reflected on the legacy of early settlers like Jacob ALBERT in these stirring words: "Time is fast sweeping away the pioneers of our country. Their early trials & privations will soon be forgotten, unless the pen of history records in permanent form the traditions of those yet living ... Memory, the faithful servant of history, loves to treasure up in her mysterious storehouse the reflections of the heroic struggles, the severe privations, & the final triumphs incident to the first settlers of a country. Especially is this true respecting the brave, adventurous men, who ... when westward the star of empire took its course ... & commenced to subdue the vast wilderness of this western land. Slowly rose the cabins then, where now stands the busy, bustling cities ..."

American frontiersmen & pioneers like Jacob ALBERT lived in a time when farmers cleared timber to create more farmland ... cut down trees & built log cabins, barns, and split rail fences ... chopped firewood for the family fireplace ... hand-crafted furniture for their cabins ... worked from morning sunrise to evening sunset ... tilled up the thickly matted roots of prairie grass to create cultivated farm fields ... hitched up their horses ... yoked their oxen ... tended to their livestock ... brushed & curry-combed their horses ... milked their cows ... fed their pigs ... sheared their sheep ... planted, shocked, and harvested their corn & oats by hand ... cut & stacked the hay in their hayfields ... hunted with muskets & rifles and kept their gunpowder in powder horns ... fished & trapped to help feed their families ... butchered wild game & livestock to provide meat for the family table ... tanned buckskins, coonskins, & beaver pelts into leather ... drove horse-drawn wagons ... helped neighbors with house-raising & barn-raising ... tended to their fields during the summer growing season ... mended their own tools & farming implements ... and ate home-cooked meals with their family by the fireplace in their log cabin ... as they followed the agrarian cycle of spring planting & fall harvest.

Marion County historian J.H.G. Brinkerhoff described the experience of pioneer men like Jacob ALBERT in these words, which provide a fitting tribute to his life & legacy: "They are gone. They sleep on the hilltop or in the valley where loving hands laid them, & the world moves on, & they who labored & loved & suffered & departed in the early days of Marion County, are only a fast disappearing vision of the past ... The early settlers were of a class that has now passed away forever."

The lifespan of Jacob ALBERT, the Kentucky frontier boy who became an Illinois Territory pioneer, was marked by advancements in American agriculture. In his boyhood years, farming was done primarily by hand. In those days, oxen & horses were used to pull crudely constructed wooden plows. The sowing of crop seeds was done by hand, field cultivating was done with a hoe, grain was cut with a sickle, & grain was threshed with a flail. During his boyhood years, the cradle & scythe were introduced to help with grain harvesting. During his later farming years in Illinois, Cyrus McCormick's mechanical reaper & John Deere's steel plow were introduced, allowing farmers to produce more crops.

Born the son & grandson of early American blacksmiths, Jacob ALBERT lived the life of a Kentucky frontier boy; a War of 1812 soldier; a Kentucky militiaman; an early Illinois Territory pioneer; an American frontiersman; an early Midwest settler; a farmer & livestock owner; a sod-buster; a war veteran; & an American patriot who honorably served his country in the War of 1812.

Like the hand-hewn timbers of a pioneer log cabin, this account of Jacob ALBERT's life has been carefully constructed & notched together from early American census records; Kentucky tax documents; his treasured War of 1812 military file & military bounty land file preserved at the National Archives; time-worn documents written in spidery handwriting with quill feather pens dipped in ink; the treasured Ware & Albert family journal; long-forgotten agricultural census documents; crumbling courthouse records; tattered newspapers from the early 1800s; family history retold by his grandchildren; & years of dedicated research undertaken by several generations of his descendants. Shared across the miles & through the generations, the life story of Jacob ALBERT has been notched together, piece by piece. Their discoveries continue to this very day.

The sun rises & sets each day, casting morning sunlight & evening shadows on the unknown gravesite of Pvt. Jacob ALBERT, through all the seasons of the year, where he rests in peace as one of Marion County's earliest pioneers. Today, Jacob ALBERT has hundreds of descendants living from coast to coast across this nation. They honor the life of their American ancestor and remain his living legacy. Peace to his memory. 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  Patsy Young ALBERT (____ - 1847)*
 
 Children:
  Simon ALBERT (1818 - 1857)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Unknown
 
Created by: Darin Wooters
Record added: Nov 06, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 79983953
 

JACOB IS THE FATHER-IN-LAW OF OUR 1ST COUSIN, 4X REMOVED, THRU ELI ALBERT AND SOPHIA (CHAFFIN) ALBERT.
- Charles Robin Rauch
 Added: Feb. 2, 2013
HONORABLE DISCHARGE CERTIFICATE:"I certify that Jacob ALBERT, a private in Captain Robert Patterson's company of infantry belonging to the 14th regiment of Kentucky detached militia, has faithfully performed a tour of duty of six months in said company, a...(Read more)
- The Descendants of Jacob ALBERT
 Added: Dec. 29, 2012
In tribute to Pvt. Jacob ALBERT, who honorably served the United States in Capt. Robert Patterson's Company of the 14th Regiment of the Detached Kentucky Militia during the War of 1812. We honor your memory today.
- The Descendants of Jacob ALBERT
 Added: Dec. 29, 2012
 
This page is sponsored by: Darin Wooters

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