|Birth: ||Apr. 4, 1848|
North Carolina, USA
|Death: ||Jul. 26, 1935|
Elbert Lenoir Bailey-
Hannah E. Bailey(tombstone picture)>>>>>>>
"On June 3, in Memorial Park at Erwin, Tennessee, a great crowd assembled to witness the unveiling of the memorial to The Confederate Soldiers, to the Women of the Confederacy, and to the Soldiers of the World War" [The Confederate Veteran Magazine1930, p.400]
During that unveiling, Elbert Lenoir Bailey was presented with the
Southern Cross of Honor for his service in Company B, Yancey County Home
The Southern Cross of Honor, originally known as The Southern Cross of the Legion of Honor, was created by the United Daughters of the Confederacy as a means of honoring the men who had served in Confederate military units. Only a Confederate veteran could wear this medal, and only a member of the United Daughter of the Confederacy could award it, to those who "gave an exhibition of dauntless, unyielding courage in the face of overwhelming odds...". The idea of bestowing the award was conceived during the first Confederate reunion held in Atlanta in July 1898. The design of the cross by Mrs. S. E. Gabbett, of Atlanta, was accepted in November 1899, and the first crosses were bestowed on Confederate Memorial Day April 26, 1900. [UDC Southern Cross of Honor Research]
Elbert Bailey's pension application, #15844, filed in Tennessee 15 Jul 1924, states he was born in Yancey County, North Carolina April 4, 1848 and was a resident of Erwin, Unicoi County, Tennessee.
He enlisted in the Confederate Army during the fall of 1862, in Company B of the North Carolina Home Guard, under Colonel McElroy and Captain Samuel Byrd. During that time he claims he encountered many skirmishes but sustained no wounds or disabilities of any kind.
North Carolina was the last of the Southern states to join the Confederacy. On May 20, 1861, the delegates, convening in Raleigh, voted unanimously that the state would no longer be a part of the United States.
On 7 Jul 1863, " A Bill to Amend an Act Concerning the Militia and a Guard for Home Defense", was ratified by the North Carolina General Assembly. The bill called for the immediate muster of persons to be drilled and, when ready, called into service by the Governor. The Governor had the power to use the Guards for Home Defense [Home Guard] for the purpose of arresting conscripts and deserters and to repel invasion, suppress insurrection or execute the laws of the state. The Home Guard was, in effect, the militia with a more detailed set of rules and regulations designed for issues arising during wartime. It was somewhat of an auxiliary police force that faced a different set of circumstances than that which would occur during peacetime. Soldiers were to receive the same pay rations and allowances as soldiers in the Confederate States' service and were subject to the rules and articles of war of the Confederate States.
There were those who were exempt from service such as physicians with five years of practice or more, established blacksmiths, millers, Confederate government contractors, and their employees, and whomever the Governor deemed necessary at the time.
Failure to muster companies and attend drills would result in forfeiture of pay. Fines were adjudged by regimental and company court martial and implemented during the following muster, allowing for one's excuse to be heard. [ A Bill to Amend an Act in Relation to the Militia and a Guard for Home Defence. Senate Bill, No. 35, Ses. 1863]
The Home Guard faced the most difficult task of hunting down and capturing deserters. Often hiding in the hills, deserters would attack nearby farms for provisions. As most of the men were away at war, defenseless women and children would be at their mercy. At times deserters would band together and attack soldiers returning home, other times they would attack the Home Guard patrol itself. One wonders how the Guard could continue its pursuit and defense as ammunition and supplies became exceedingly scarce during the course of the war. It would not be difficult to imagine defending the home front as formidable a task, if not more so, as fighting the war itself.
Towards the end of the war, as noted on his pension record, Elbert enlisted in
the 58th North Carolina Regiment. Upon marching to Ashville, the war ended and all were released to go home.
Elbert died 26 Jul 1935 in Erwin, Tennessee. He was the son of Jesse Bailey and Emilia Curtis, grandson of Ansel and Elizabeth Bradley Bailey.
[ see TRH. Vol. VI #49 ]
Elbert's children by Hannah E. Bailey:
1. JOANNA BAILEY GRIFFITH
2. Clayton Bailey
Vista Street m Elbert Bailey 22 Sep 1889. Their Children are as follows:
1. Effie Isabel-1893-1917
2. Nelle Pauline-b. 20 Apr 1919
3. Ralph- 1 Nov 1898 - 9 Apr 1974
-Article Submitted by Allie Nelson for Vol.VII TVH.
Jesse Bailey (1809 - 1891)
Hannah Eliza Bailey Bailey (1850 - 1889)*
Sarah Vista Street Bailey (1866 - 1940)*
Joanna Emeline Bailey Griffith (1870 - 1959)*
Curtis Clayton Bailey (1876 - 1930)*
Daisy Bailey Broyles (1881 - 1967)*
Jacob F. Bailey (1882 - 1884)*
Edgar L. Bailey (1886 - 1945)*
Ralph Burns Bailey (1898 - 1974)*
Catherine Shuford (1840 - 1882)*
Flora Bailey Hughes (1846 - 1938)*
Elbert Lenoir Bailey (1848 - 1935)
Richard McDaniel Bailey (1852 - 1938)*
Joseph W.S. Bailey (1859 - 1936)*
Martins Creek Cemetery
Created by: D. Brown Love
Record added: May 04, 2005
Find A Grave Memorial# 10913707