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Elizabeth Christiane "Bess" Hervey Cavendish
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Birth: May 12, 1758
Horringer
St Edmundsbury Borough
Suffolk, England
Death: Mar. 30, 1824
Emilia-Romagna, Italy

Daughter of Frederick Augustus Hervey, 4th Earl of Bristol, and Elizabeth Davers, she was a novelist and the Dutchess of Devonshire. In 1776, while still a teenager, she married John Thomas Foster of County Louth. He was a cousin of brothers John Foster, last Speaker of th Irish House of Commons, and Bishop William Foster. The Fosters had two sons, Frederick (October 1777 – 1853) and Sir Augustus John Foster (1780 - 1849). Their only daughter, also named Elizabeth, was born prematurely on 17 November 1778, and lived only eight days. After Foster had an affair with a servant, Bess left him. Foster refused to support his own sons.

Bess inherited her father's love of antiquities and art. She was beautiful and portraits of her are numerous at both Ickworth and Chatsworth After her death, medals were struck in her honor. Ickworth Manor's Elizabeth Grove, located to the right after entering through Horringer Gate, were named for her.

Her second marriage was to William Cavendish, the 5th Duke of Devonshire. Her relationship with the Duke caused much gossip as Lady Georgiana Spencer was a heavyset, matronly woman. She encouraged the Duke to move his mistress into their home in an attempt to prevent divorce. Bess and Georgiana soon became close friends. Like her descendant Princess Diana, Georgiana was married to a man who loved his mistress. When Georgiana became pregnant by another man, the Duke divorced her and married Bess.

The Duke and Lady Elizabeth had two children, a daughter and, also in 1790 a son. After the Duke’s death, Bess lived in Piccadilly before moving to Rome in 1816. Here, Bess found a new vocation as a devoted patron of the arts, in particular, archaeology. For eleven years, she funded the excavation of the Forum, enabling the recovery of the Column of Phocas and the stones of the Via Sacra. In Rome, she also found the last love of her life - Cardinal Hercule Consalvi, secretary of state to the Vatican. 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Frederick Augustus Hervey (1730 - 1803)
  Elizabeth Davers Hervey (1730 - 1800)
 
 Spouse:
  William Cavendish (1748 - 1811)
 
 Children:
  Augustus William James Clifford (1788 - 1877)*
 
 Siblings:
  John Augustus Hervey (1757 - 1796)*
  Elizabeth Christiane Hervey Cavendish (1758 - 1824)
  Louisa Theodosia Hervey Jenkinson (1767 - 1821)*
  Frederick William Hervey (1769 - 1859)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Derby Cathedral
Derby
Derby Unitary Authority
Derbyshire, England
Plot: Cavendish vault
 
Maintained by: Bernadette
Originally Created by: K F
Record added: Dec 21, 2004
Find A Grave Memorial# 10163617
Elizabeth Christiane Bess <i>Hervey</i> Cavendish
Added by: Bernadette
 
Elizabeth Christiane Bess <i>Hervey</i> Cavendish
Added by: K F
 
Elizabeth Christiane Bess <i>Hervey</i> Cavendish
Added by: K F
 
 
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- Amanda
 Added: Nov. 15, 2014

- Amanda Martin
 Added: Dec. 10, 2012

-Anonymous
 Added: May. 16, 2012
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