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CPT Nicolas Martiau
Birth: Apr. 2, 1591
Saint-Martin-de-Re
Departement de la Charente-Maritime
Poitou-Charentes, France
Death: Apr. 16, 1657
Yorktown
York County
Virginia, USA

Legal representative in Virginia of Henry Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon. Married 1st Elizabeth, 2nd Jane widow of Lieut. Edward Berkeley, 3rd Isabella widow of Robert Felgete and George Beech.(Submitted by Daniel Estefano, 9/27/2012)

Martiau appeared in the first Virginia census of 1623 and became a member of the House of Burgesses, the oldest continuous legislative body in the western hemisphere. His marriage to the widow of a prominent settler further established his position, and the prominence of his descendent, George Washington, affirmed his intellect and acumen.(Celebrate Yorktown Committee notes 2/17/2013)

Strangely the muster of January 1624-25, reveals that Nicholas Martiau came to the colony aboard the "Francis Bona Venture", a 240-ton ship. Captain Martiau went to Virginia as the legal representative of the fifth Earl of Huntington. On October 8, 1630, the Virginia Council passed a decree granting 50 acres of land to every person who would settle within a year or two on the York in the Chiskiake (Yorktown) area. Captain Martiau moved onto the York peninsula, settling at the Yorktown on the York River. The Captain had 600 acres confirmed to him for moving to Chiskiake the first year, plus 700 more acres for paying for the adventure of other headrights, in March 1639. This total of 1,300 acres had the chief commodity of tobacco. Years later, Captain Martiau was granted letters-patent for 2,000 acres on the south side of the Potomac River (1654); he gave this tract to his son-in-law, Colonel George Reade, who had patent on it dated March 1657. He would buy and sell other minor properties over the years.
(Ref: Extracted from Jonathan Kennon Smith notes on Captain Nicolas Martiau, Lib of Wm & Mary College)

In 1931, an 11 foot Vermont granite monument, with comemorative bronze plaque was erected near the site of Martiau's home and graveyard on Ballard and Buckner Streets, in the village of Yorktown. The monument was erected by the Huguenot Society of Pennsyvania, in cooperation with the National (Federation of) Huguenot Societies and the Yorktown Sesquicentennial Commission.(Ref: Jonathan K. Smith notes as above.)

The National Park Service (NPS) exhumed his body in May 1936 from the original grave on Buckner Street in the family cemetery. The NPS concluded the body as in grave number 6 was likely at of Nicolas Martiau. (Ref: The Huguenot Publication No. 12, 1943-45)

Nicolas Martiau had another daughter, Mary was born in Virginia to his 2nd wife Jane (MNU) Barkeley about 1627. Jane was also the mother of Sarah (Martiau) Fuller. Mary Martiau married Lt. Col. John Scasbrook, York Justice. See source: ADVENTURERS OF PURSE AND PERSON VIRGINIA 1607-1624/5, 4th Ed., 2005, Vol Two, p 506, by John Frederick Dorman. (Paragraph was submitted by Janelle Via-McKown #47298598)

Specific place of birth and date of death provided by E&GRay (member# 47124929)

See Martiau Family Cemetery in FIND A GRAVE for additional details on the original burial site. 
 
Family links: 
 Spouse:
  Elizabeth Jane Page Martiau (1593 - 1640)
 
 Children:
  Elizabeth Martiau Read (1615 - 1686)*
  Sarah Martiau Fuller (1625 - 1694)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Inscription:
NICOLAS MARTIAU AND 16 OF HIS FAMILY MEMBERS
WERE REINTERRED FROM THE FAMILY BURIAL SITE
ON BUCKNER STREET TO THIS SITE IN 1936.
THIS MARKER IS DEDICATED TO
NICOLAS MARTIAU. 1591-1657
UPON WHOSE LAND THE TOWN OF YORKE
WAS FOUNDED IN 1691.
HE WAS THE EARLIEST AMERICAN ANCESTOR OF
GENERAL GEORGE WASHINGTON AND
GOVERNOR THOMAS NELSON
DEDICATED MAY 22,1993
 
Note: Reinterments actually was held in a ceremony on May 30, 1941. The skeletal remains were found in 1936.
 
Burial:
Grace Episcopal Churchyard
Yorktown
York County
Virginia, USA
Plot: E13
GPS (lat/lon): 37.23582, -76.50771
 
Maintained by: Thomas
Originally Created by: Kenneth Williams
Record added: Sep 03, 2003
Find A Grave Memorial# 7831230
CPT Nicolas Martiau
Added by: Daniel Estefano
 
CPT Nicolas Martiau
Added by: Dawn Stewart
 
CPT Nicolas Martiau
Added by: Thomas
 
 
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- Remembered
 Added: Sep. 12, 2016
To my 12th Great-Grandfather you were in my thoughts today.
- Carolyn from Charleston, SC
 Added: Sep. 1, 2016
In Honor of My 11th Great Grandfather who is also My husband's 12th Great Grandfather. Isn't genealogy wonderful!!
- Margaret Ogilvie Hamby
 Added: Aug. 31, 2016
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