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Jefferson Franklin Canon
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Birth: Mar. 8, 1843
Sullivan County
New York, USA
Death: Oct. 7, 1915
Thurston County
Washington, USA

Soldiers and Citizens Album, BIOGRAPHICAL RECORD, 1888, Pages 512, and 513. Jefferson F. Canon of Merrill, Wisconsin, a member of Lincoln Post, No. 131 at that place, was born March 6, 1843, in Callicoon, Sullivan Co, New York. When he was six years old his parents removed from the Empire State to Walworth Co., Wisconsin. They returned three years later to Callicoon and the next year the father died. (1853) The mother and her children came in 1857 to to Portage County, Wisconsin where Mr. Canon lived at Kilbourne City until the challenge of war echoed from the walls of Fort Sumter. In August, 1861, he enlisted in the 6th Wisconsin Infantry in Company II for three years. He was discharged June 6, 1865, after a continuous service of nearly four years during which time he was absent from his company, but four months. He was wounded in the right foot at the battle of Hatchers run and went to the general hospital in Philadelphia.
August 29th the regiment made connection with the organization known to history as the Iron Brigade. Early in September they were assigned to a position. Mr. Canon was in the actions at Gainesville, second Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chauncellorsville, Gettysburg, the battles of the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Weldon Railroad, Hatchers run and the second battle at Hatchers run in February 1865, he received his wound in the entrenchments. He passed the remainder of the time in the hospital. This is one of the most complete records of action and endurance in this volume, where those of similar character are to be counted by hundreds. Mr. Canon was also engaged in the heav y and unremitting skirmishing before the battle of Gettysburg and encountered the risks of war in every variety of service pertaining to the struggle which, in most particulars, eclipses any of ancient or modern times. Mr. Canon was 18 when he became a soldier.
After his discharge he returned to Wisconsin and located at Plainfield, where he engaged in lumbering and logging for three years. In the fall of 1874 he was elected Clerk of Clark County and held the position eight years. Prior to that time he had officiated two years as Chairman of the Board of the town of Washburn.. He was also active in the affairs of the County Agricultural Society and served one year in each of the positions of Secretary, Treasurer and President of the organization. In April, 1883, he came to Merrill, where he has been connected with municipal affairs ever since. He has acted as Supervisor from his Ward, one year, two years as member of the Common Council, and three years as City Treasurer, in which he is still officiating. He is also Deputy Postmaster under his brother, William H. Canon.
He is the son of Henry and Catherine (Schermerhorn)Canon. The former was born in Massachusetts is of Puritan descent. His father James Canon, is still living in Ohio, aged ninety-five, (De cember 1887.) He was a soldier in 1812. The mother belonged to the famous Schermerhorn family and her father was a soldier of 1812, and was wounded at Plattsburg. He was the son of a Revolutionary soldier. (Ira) Two brothers of Mr. Canon were in the late war. John R. enlisted i n Company K, 25th Wisconsin, and was promoted to 1st Lieutenant. Solomon R. was in the 6th and 8th Wisconsin Batteries, Light Artillery. Charles, George, Henry, Orlando, James and Albertis Rozell, brothers of Mrs. Canon, were soldiers in the war for the Union. The latter, after a service of two years and ten months, was killed on the field of battle.
Jefferson F. Canon and Catherine Rozell were joined in marriage April 5, 1867, and they have seven children; Mary J, Henry A., Libbie, Nellie, Frankie, Dora and Joe Jefferson. The father of Mrs. Canon was born in Brooklyn, New York and was of French descent.

From a reprint from the Wisconsin Historical Society:

J. F.. Canon, Clerk of Clark County, Neillsville. Born in New York, March 6, 1843; in 1849 came to Walworth Co., Wis.; in 1852 returned to their old home, where his father died. The family of mother, six boys and one girl, moved to Waushara Co., Wisconsin, Oct 14, 1871, and in the town of Plainfield he learned the trade of Blacksmithing. He built two shops; moved in 1869, to Exira, Audubon Co., Iowa, put up a shop, but on account of his brothers J.D.s health , returned. His brother died Sept. 14, 1870. Mr. C. then came to Neillsville, October 14, 187 1, and went to work at his trade; in the Winter of 1872 he kept a logging -camp with his brot her; in the Winter of 1873-74, he was foreman in the camp, and farmed his place in the summer . In July, 1864, he kept books for George l. Lloyd, and was elected County Clerk on January 1 , 1875, and now holds it. In April 5, 1867, he married Miss Kate C. Rozell of Wash River Coun ty. They have five children Jimmie, Henry, Libbie, Nellie and Frankie. He also has the position of chairman of the Town Board of Supervisors. (The end)

In the 19th century pioneers and entrepreneurs were drawn west by the prospects of success and a better life. The following description of the Pacific Northwest extolls its riches and endless potential:

Washington Territory has 20,000,000 acres of timber, 10,000,000 acres of prairie and 5,000,000 rich alluvial bottom open for settlement. Washington Territory has unequaled climate for comfort and healthfulness. Average temperature: Spring, 50 deg.; Summer, 69 deg., Fall, 52 deg.; Winter, 36 deg. Rate of mortality, 1 in 228. Exports of the Territory are lumber, hoop-poles, coal, wheat, flour, barley, oats, hops, fruit, horned cattle, horses, sheep, hides, wool, furs, and fish. Over 500 species of flowering plants indigenous to the Territory. Fish plentiful in its waters. It has the finest harbors in the world. It is profusely watered by rivers. Twenty navigable rivers. It has good schools and school laws, and churches of all denominations. Washington Territory wants industrious men and women, no room for loafers. (West shore, March 1878, p.109)

By the 1900 Census of Tenino, Thurston County, Washington, Jeff was a farmer. He would have moved to Washington after his last child was born in 1881, and after he filed for a government pension in 1871. He remained in Tenino until his death in 1915.
Jeffery and his wife Catharine would have 7 children all born in Wisconsin. Jefferson claimed 2 homesteads in Thurston, County of Olympia, Washington, between October 25, 1897 and May 2, 1898. On July 18,1898 in Pacific, Vancouver, Washington he homesteaded another acreage. In his later years he lived with his son Henry Arthur Canon. 
Family links: 
  Henry Canon (1815 - 1855)
  Catherine Schermerhorn Canon (1821 - 1877)
  Catherine C Rozell Canon (1843 - 1908)*
  John Roger Cannon (1839 - 1918)*
  Mary Lucinda Canon Schuster (1841 - 1920)*
  Jefferson Franklin Canon (1843 - 1915)
  Solomon Royce Canon (1845 - 1928)*
  James Knox Polk Canon (1846 - 1908)*
  William Henry Canon (1848 - 1935)*
  Jacob B. Canon (1851 - 1870)*
*Calculated relationship
Forest Grove Cemetery
Thurston County
Washington, USA
Created by: Frances Cannon Hays
Record added: Jul 11, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 39337954
Jefferson Franklin Canon
Added by: Tenalquot
Jefferson Franklin Canon
Added by: B Wernex
Jefferson Franklin Canon
Added by: Sue Broumley
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Wisconsin 6th Infantry Co H
- Gregory Park
 Added: Feb. 21, 2011

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