|Birth: ||Jul. 31, 1838|
|Death: ||Apr. 19, 1906|
Residence Pownal VT;
Enlisted on 6/2/1862 as a Private.
On 6/2/1862 he mustered into "E" Co. VT 10th Infantry
He was discharged for promotion on 12/31/1864
On 12/31/1864 he was commissioned into: US Volunteers Adjutant Genl Dept
He was Mustered Out on 9/19/1865
(Subsequent service in US Army, Brig-General 04/26/1901)
1st Lieut 8/7/1862
Major 10/19/1864 by Brevet (For gallantry in every action)
Capt 12/31/1864 (Captain & Asst Adjutant General)
Capt 3/2/1867 by Brevet (For Wilderness, VA)
Major 3/2/1867 by Brevet (For Cedar Creek, VA)
Merritt Barber, son of Benjamin S. and Caroline Wright Barber, was born at Pownal, Bennington County, Vermont, on July 31, 1838. He received his early education at North Pownal Academy, under the tutelage of two future Presidents, Chester Arthur and James Garfield. In 1850, Merrit, age 15, was living in Pownal, Vermont, with his parents and siblings Andrew (age 17), Sarah (16) and Benjamin O. (1). He graduated from Williams College, in western Massachusetts, in 1857.
After studying law for a period of time in the officer of A. B. Gardner at Bennington, he graduated from the State and Union Law college, Cleveland, Ohio, in 1859. He was admitted to the bar in Bennington county in June that year, and started a practice in his native town.
He was married first to Catherine E. Roberts, of Bennington, June 20, 1858; one daughter was born of this union, Sarah, who later became Mrs. Sarah B. Boyle, of Cincinnati, Ohio. Catherine died, and he married his second wife, Delilah Winne, of Troy, New York, on May 15, 1867. No children were born of this union.
He was also Assistant Clerk of the House of Representatives of Vermont during the 1860 and 1861 sessions, which included the special session that provided troops to suppress the southern rebellion.
In June, 1862, he enlisted in Company E, Tenth Vermont Infantry, and was commissioned 1st Lieutenant, Company B, on August 30 1862, and subsequently promoted to Captain of the company on July 11 1864, two days after being wounded at the battle of Monocacy. He was wounded again, at Fisher's Hill, on September 21, 1864.
On October 19, 1864, he was breveted Major for "gallantry in every action since May 5 1864, particularly at the battle of Cedar Creek. On Tuesday, December 24, 1864, he turned over On December 31, 1864, he was promoted to Captain, Assistant Adjutant-General, U.S. Volunteers. He mustered out of volunteer service on September 19, 1865, having served in the following campaigns: Antietam, Gettysburg, Mine Run, Wilderness, Shenandoah and the storming of Petersburg on April 2, 1865..
Five months later, he was appointed 2nd Lieutenant, 16th U.S. Infantry, as of February 23, 1866, and was promoted to 1st Lieutenant on the same day, thanks to a nomination by Vermont Congressman F. E. Woodbridge. On September 21, he transferred to the 34th U.S. Infantry, and served as regimental adjutant and quartermaster from February 15, 1868 to April 14, 1869.
On May 15 1867, Merrit married Delilah Winne Fowler, of New York. Their 34 year union produced no children. In 1870, Merrit, simply listed as a soldier, and his wife Delilah, were living in the town of Grenada, Mississippi, where the regimental headquarters and Companies D and L were stationed. He received brevets to Captain and Major on March 2, 1867 for gallant and meritorious services in the battle of the Wilderness, and Cedar Creek, respectively.
On April 14, 1869, he was transferred to the 16th U.S. Infantry, and served as regimental adjutant until April 30, 1872. In 1870, Merrit, simply listed as a soldier, and his wife Delilah, were living in the town of Grenada, Mississippi.
Promotions followed slowly after that, as was typical of the post-war army. He was promoted Captain on March 4, 1879, major and Assistant Adjutant-General on June 29, 1882, lieutenant colonel on August 2, 1890 and colonel on November 15, 1862. He was promoted Brigadier-General, U.S. Volunteers, April 26, 1901, discharged from the volunteers on 30 June 1901, and retired from the regular army on the same date.
d. April 19, 1906
Arlington National Cemetery
Maintained by: Ancestral Sleuth
Originally Created by: Bev
Record added: Sep 28, 2006
Find A Grave Memorial# 15916163