|Birth: ||May 14, 1907|
|Death: ||Apr. 19, 1974|
Pakistani President, Military Leader. He was commissioned in the British Indian army in 1928 and saw active service as a battalion commander in World War II. After 1947, when the state of Pakistan was created, Ayub Khan assumed command of military forces in East Pakistan (Bangladesh) and in 1951, he became commander in chief of the Pakistan army. From 1954 to 1956, he served as defense minister. In 1958, after a military coup d'etat and the abrogation of the constitution, Ayub Khan became president, which was confirmed by a referendum in February of 1960. He launched a vigorous program of land reform and economic development. Ayub Khan also inaugurated a system of what he called "basic democracies", tiers of local government councils that also served as electoral colleges. Martial law was lifted in 1962, and a new constitution of that year gave the executive enormous powers. He was reelected in 1965, defeating Fatimah Jinnah, the daughter of the founder of Pakistan. In the same year, Ayub Khan led the nation in war with India, but the conflict was ended by the Tashkent Declaration of January of 1966. Despite considerable economic growth, continuing economic and social inequalities, the disadvantaged position of East Pakistan, and limitation of civil liberties provoked increasing discontent with his regime. Early in 1969, Ayub Khan apparently bowed to the pressure of opposition in announcing that he would not seek reelection in 1970. Unrest continued, however, and in March of 1969, he resigned power to a martial law government led by General Muhammad Yahya Khan.
Created by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye
Record added: Feb 07, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 47791286