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Henry W Lett
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Birth: Jan. 27, 1842
Chambers County
Alabama, USA
Death: Nov. 29, 1877
Chambers County
Alabama, USA

Henry Lett was the son of Wyatt Collier Lett and Rebecca Ann Walls Lett. He was murdered and the following notice appeared in a newspaper of the day.

The LaFayette Clipper

LaFayette, Chambers County, Alabama, Thursday, January 3, 1878

"The People, their voice shall be heard and their rights vindicated"

$200 Reward!!

A Proclamation by the Governor.

State of Alabama, Executive Department

Whereas, authentic information has reached this Department, that on the 29th, day of November 1877, in the County of Chambers, in said State, Henry Lett was murdered, and whereas it is formerly charged that one Zacheus H. Kimbrough perpetrated said murder, and is now at large.

Now, therefore, I, Geo. S. Houston , by virtue of the power and authority in me vested, as Governor of Alabama do issue this my proclamation offering a reward of two hundred ($200) dollars for the arrest and delivery of the said Zacheus H. Kimbrough to the Sheriff of Chambers County, Alabama. The reward to be paid to the person, or persons, that the said Sheriff may certify to be entitled thereto.

Given under my hand, and the Great Seal of State, this the 13th day of December, A. D., 1877, and of the Independence of the United States of America the 102nd year.

Geo. S. Houston

By the Governor, Rufus K. Boyd , Secretary of State

Description

The said Kimbrough is about 22 years old, about 5 feet 8 or 10 inches high, hair is of dark auburn and inclined to curl, high forehead, rather high cheek bone, chin sharp, shows his teeth in talking, slow spoken, has Roman nose, broad shoulders, narrow hips and drops his shoulders in walking, beard red, has downcast countenance and will weigh about 145 or 150 pounds.
(Note: Per "Survey of Cemeteries in Chambers County Alabama" there is a tombstone in Ebenezer United Methodist Church Cemetery that reads: Henry Lett , Jan. 27, 1842 Nov. 29, 1877.)

The following is more information from the Court Case

248 SUPREME COURT [Dec Term,

[Kimbrough v. The State.]


Indictment for Murder.

1. Jury ; what properly organized. The fact that one or more of the persons
on the venue served on a prisoner, charged with a capital offense, were on the
regular juries for the week, and could not be obtained as jurors for the pris-
oner's trial, because then engaged on the trial of another cause, gives the
prisoner no right to delay the impanneling of the jury for his own trial, until
such persons are discharged as jurors on the other case, or to otherwise delay
the trial.

2. Killing ; what cannot he set up to excuse. A slayer cannot urge, in his own
justification, a necessity produced by his own wrongful and unlawful act, as a
valid reason for killing his assailant.

Appeal from Chambers Circuit Court.

Tried before Hon. James E. Cobb.

The appellant was indicted for the murder of one Henry
Lett, and the list of jurors for his trial, which was duly
served on him, contained the regular jurors for the week.
In drawing the jury for his trial, the third name and others
were those on a regular jury then engaged in the trial of
another cause. The judge ordered the names of these
jurors, as they were drawn, laid aside, and that others be
drawn in their stead. The defendant objected, and insisted
that they should be called from the jury room and put upon
the parties for acceptance or rejection, which the court
refused to do, and defendant excepted. The list served
upon the prisoner having been exhausted before a jury for
his trial was obtained, and those on the list which were in
the jury room not having returned, it was ordered that an
additional number be summoned, according to the statute,
to complete the jury. To this action the defendant duly
excepted.

There was evidence, in this cause, from two witnesses who
were present at the killing, to the effect that they were
attracted by loud talking, and, on going to the place whence
it proceeded, found the deceased and defendant engaged in
a controversy about a note. One of these witnesses testified
that soon afterward the deceased, in turning or stepping
backward, struck his feet against some obstacle, and fell to
the ground. When the deceased fell, the defendant rushed
upon him, and cut him in the neck with a knife. There was
evidence tending to show that this witness had made state-

VOL. T.Ttn.



1878.1 OF ALABAMA. 249

[Kimbrough v. The State,]

ments to the effect that the deceased was stooping to pick
up a rock when the defendant cut him.

Another witness for the State, who was a brother of
deceased, testified that the defendant, with his left hand
against the shoulder and his knee against the thigh of
deceased, pushed him backward, when the foot of deceased
striking some object, he fell, and, as he was falling, the
defendant struck him with a knife in the neck ; that witness
attempted to arrest the defendant, after the cutting, but
defendant cut witness with the knife and ran ; that witness
followed the defendant a short distance, and threw a rock at
him, and returned to his brother, who died almost imme-
diately.

One Joe Smith, a witness for the defendant, testified that
he was passing along the road near where the deceased and
defendant were standing, some fifteen steps from them ; that
he heard them quarreling, and heard the deceased say to the
defendant, "put up your knife, and fight a fair fight," and
heard the defendant say, in reply, "that he would not do it;
that his finger was sore, and he could not fight."

After the general charge had been given, the counsel for
the defense orally asked the court to instruct the jury, as
part of the law of self defense, "that the law does not
require a party to retreat before taking life, if by so doing
he increases his peril." This charge, the court refused to
give; but, instead, instructed the jury that if a person
willingly engage in a fight, and, in the fight so willingly
engaged in by him, kills his opponent, he cannot invoke the
doctrine of self defense to his entire justification unless it
appears that he had done all he could reasonably do to
avoid the combat, even to a retreat, though, by so doing, he
increased his peril. To this charge, the defendant excepted.

The jury found the defendant guilty of murder in the
second degree, and assessed his punishment at forty years'
imprisonment in the penitentiary; and judgment was rendered accordingly.

No counsel for appellant.

Henry C. Tompkins, Attorney-General, contra.

MANNING, J. Appellant was charged with the murder
of one Henry Lett, and among the persons of the venue
summoned to compose a jury to try him, of which a list had
been duly served, were, as the statute directs, those who
belonged to the regular juries of the week ; and, in drawing
out the names, the third and others were some of these, who



250 SUPREME COURT IDec Term,

[Kimbrough v. The State.]

were then in a room in the court-house engaged, as members
of a jury, in the consideration of another criminal case,
which had been committed to them, under their oath, to
render a true verdict therein. The Judge, therefore, ordered
their names, as they were respectively drawn, laid aside, and
that others be drawn in their stead. To this course, the
defendant objected, and insisted that they should be called
from the jury room as their names were drawn, and put
upon the parties for acceptance or rejection ; which being
refused, defendant excepted. And the names of all who
were originally summoned having been exhausted before the
jury was complete, and those who were in the jury room not
having yet returned, it was ordered that an additional num-
ber be summoned from the bystanders, or others, according
to the statute, for the completion of the jury ; to which, also,
defendant duly reserved an exception. And it is insisted
that tlie objection of defendant should have been allowed,
and the business of the court suspended until the jury then
out returned into court, and were discharged of the case
committed to them.

The constitution gives to the person indicted the right to
a trial "by an impartial jury." How this shall be consti-
tuted, it is left to the legislature to provide. To this end, it
was enacted, among other things, that for the trial of a cap-
ital case, there shall be summoned to select from "not less
than fifty nor more than one hundred persons, including
those summoned on the regular juries for the week." Code
of 1876, 4874. A list of these is to be delivered to de-
fendant, if he is in confinement, one entire day before the
trial. 4872. If the persons summoned as jurors fail to
appear, or if the panel is exhausted by challenges, neither
the defendant nor his counsel is entitled to a list of the per-
sons summoned to supply their places." 4873. "A mis-
take in the name of any person summoned as a juror for the
trial of a capital offense, either in the venire, or in the list of
jurors delivered to the defendant, is not sufficient to quash
the venire, or to delay or continue the trial, unless the court, in
its discretion, is of the opinion that the ends of justice so
require. Others are to be " forthwith summoned to supply
their places." 4876. And " any person who appears to
the court to be unfit to serve on the jury, may be excused
on his own motion, or at the instance of either party."
4885. If all the slips of paper containing the names of
those first summoned are drawn, "and the jury is not made
up,^ the court must direct the sheriff to summon at least
twice the number of jurors required to complete the jury,

Vol. Lxn.



1878.] OF ALABAMA. 251

[Kimbrough v. The State.]

whose names are also to be written on slips of paper, de-
posited and drawn." 4878.

These enactments manifest a desire to favor the accused
in the circumstances provided for, so far as the due admin-
istration of the law will permit, but not to such an extent as
" to delay or continue the trial," or obstruct the business of
the court. It is presumable that when the legislature
authorized the summoning of " the regular jurors in at-
tendance " among the number, not less than fifty nor more
than one hundred, above mentioned, it contemplated that
some of those regular jurors might, at some time when their
names were called, be engaged in the trial or consideration
of another cause, from which they could not, without a vio-
lation of law and of the rights of other parties, be dis-
charged or brought into court, or voluntarily come them-
selves. 1 Bish. Cr. Pr. S95. See, also, Clark's Man. of
Cr. Law, pp. 450-5L Being thus kept away, the contin-
gency has happened, when other persons should be sum-
moned to supply their places.

Any other construction than this of the statutes would
often produce the stoppage, in such conjunctures, of all the
important remaining business of the court. For, if it must
idly wait until the jury out shall agree on a verdict and
bring it in, the term during which the court may lawfully
remain in session might expire, or so much of it be wasted
that other causes could not be tried, and those interested
in them, perhaps innocent persons impatient for a trial, be
consequently kept in prison six months longer, until the
court shall again be holden. Consequences so oppressive
could not have been intended by the legislature; and its
enactments should not be so construed as to produce them.
It is a case in which the maxim, augumentum ab inconvenieniti
plurimum valet, is applicable. 11 Meeson & W. 928-9 ;
10 id. 434.

The judge did not err in ordering the drawing for jurors
to proceed.

Nor was there any error in the refusal to charge, in this
case, as requested, or in the charge given which was ex-
cepted to.

A slayer cannot urge, in justification, a necessity produced
by his own unlawful and wrongful act, as a valid reason why
he may lawfully kill his adversarv. Eiland v. State. 52 Ala.
332 ; Leivis v. State, 51 Ala. 1 ; Clark's Man. of Cr. Law,
377 et seq., and cases there cited.

Let the judgment of the circuit court be affirmed. 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Rebecca Ann Walls Lett (1813 - 1860)
 
 Siblings:
  Nancy Ann Lett Parker (1832 - 1910)*
  John H. Lett (1834 - 1863)*
  Henry W Lett (1842 - 1877)
  Thomas Jefferson Lett (1847 - 1921)*
  James H Lett (1864 - 1940)*
 
*Calculated relationship
 
Burial:
Ebenezer Methodist Church Cemetery
Bosworth
Chambers County
Alabama, USA
 
Created by: Jason Sanders
Record added: Feb 22, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 34104972
Henry W Lett
Added by: Jason Sanders
 
Henry W Lett
Cemetery Photo
Added by: Tim McDaniel
 
 
Photos may be scaled.
Click on image for full size.

Co B 47th AL
- Anne Wyatt
 Added: Mar. 31, 2014

- D McK S
 Added: Jul. 29, 2010

-Anonymous
 Added: Aug. 30, 2009
 
 
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