|Birth: ||Mar. 27, 1884|
|Death: ||Feb. 7, 1967|
Arthur W. Sampson
The USDA, Forest Service established its first range experiment stations in the Great Basin with A. W. Sampson as director. Before becoming the director of the initial research station, Sampson had conducted research on restoring degraded subalpine sheep ranges in northeastern Oregon.
Sampson was the most prolific range scientist of the first 2 decades of the 20th century, communicating through USDA bulletins, popular articles and an occasional scientific journal article as his medium of communication (Young 2000). He left the USDA, Forest Service during the early 1920s and became a professor of range management in the School of Forestry at the University of California at Berkeley. A major publication of his Forest Service research, Grazing Periods and Forage Production on the National Forest, did not appear until the mid 1920s (Sampson and Malsten 1926). His trilogy of text books were: Range and Pasture Management (1923), Native American Forage Plants (1924), and Livestock Husbandry on Range and Pasture (1928). His forte was the ability to apply knowledge of the plants and animals to manage an agricultural production system based on rangeland resources.
In succeeding decades, as range management grew to encompass all aspects of multiple use management from agronomy to wildlife, the basic goal of the science has become somewhat ill defined and fuzzy. In the founding days of the 1920s, the purpose of range management was to enhance meat and wool production systems based on rangelands.
Sampson's text books on plants and range management were natural outgrowths of his numerous previous publications while he was a scientist with the Forest Service. Because the Forest Service did not conduct research on livestock production, the third text book on livestock production was somewhat a venture into a new field, but obviously a venture that he thought was necessary for the education of future range resource managers. The lack of direct experimental experience with livestock was apparently true in Sampson's case, but not for all early Forest Service range scientists. The Great Basin station was followed by the Jornada and Santa Rita experimental ranges in the southwest. The Jornada Grazing Reserve was established in May 1912 by Presidential Executive Order. In 1915 it became a non-Forest (not located on a National Forest), Forest Service Experiment Station and conducted, in cooperation with the grazing permittee, animal husbandry research (Jardine and Hurtt 1917). Forest Service scientists such as Jardine, Fleming, Chapline, and Forsling, who all spent time at the Jornada, were exposed to animal breeding and nutritional research.
During the 1920s, students in range man-agement classes were primarily forestry majors. In Sampson's obituary, published in the Journal of Range Management, the story was related of how Sampson had to challenge unruly forestry majors, who were un-willing participants in his range management class, to a fist fight in order to get their attention (Anon. 1968).
Specifically: body cryogenically preserved
Created by: MissKitty
Record added: Jan 24, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 83942680
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