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James Smith
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Birth: 1775
City of Edinburgh, Scotland
Death: Jun. 12, 1844
Ontario, Canada

James Smith, one of three brothers, was born near Edinburgh, Scotland.
James married Patience Austin at the church of Marylebone in London in 1808.
After they were married, James and Patience lived at Aberdeen until their departure for Canada at the end of March 1835. Six children were baptised there. On the baptism records of his first five children, i.e. between the years 1809 and 1818, James Smith is said to be "Gardener to P. Milne Esq, Union Street, [Aberdeen]". Who exactly P. Milne was, is not at this point known, but a good candidate is Patrick Milne Esq. of Crimonmogate, a wealthy businessman and politician, who died on 16 May 1820, i.e. about the time that James Smith started his own business.
The baptism record of James' sixth child, James, in 1821, however describes his father James as "Nurseryman, Frog Hall, Aberdeen," i.e. it appears that sometime around 1819/20 James Smith started his own nursery business (Frog Hall was at that time on the outskirts of Aberdeen, somewhat to the north of the city centre). James Smith and family lived at Froghall until their departure for Canada in March 1835.
James and his family left the port of Aberdeen for Canada on the afternoon of Monday 30 March 1835 on the Arkwright, captain James Birnie. After a voyage of one month and four days, they arrived at New York on 4 May 1835.
James Smith and family would most likely then have travelled from New York to Albany by steamboat on the Hudson River (154 miles - 1 day), and from there either by canal boat or stage coach passing through Utica and Syracuse to Oswego on Lake Ontario (211 miles), a total journey of about a week. There were regular lake steamers from Oswego calling at Kingston, Cobourg, Toronto (140 miles) and Niagara. As James Smith purchased land in Woolwich township from the Honourable William Allen of Toronto, and as settlers were strongly advised not to buy land sight unseen, he may have left his family at Toronto and gone first to inspect the land he eventually bought from Allen on 17 July. The trip from Toronto to Woolwich township may have been by lake steamer from Toronto to Hamilton (60 miles) and then stage coach from Hamilton via Galt or Preston to Winterbourne (where conditions were often terrible due to the primitive nature of the roads).
James Smith bought 106 acres of land (Broken Front Concession, lot 4) in Woolwich township (near the centre of the town of Winterbourne) on 17 July 1835 for 120 Pounds. He is described in the deed as "James Smith, late of the City of Aberdeen, now of the Township of Woolwich in the County of Halton ... Gardiner, Seedsman and Horticulturist"
James Smith of Woolwich Township purchased 100 acres of Crown Land (Concession II, lot 28, Brantford Township) and was awarded a patent for the property from the Lieutenant Governor dated 31st Oct 1836.
As the 1838 census for Woolwich township no longer shows the name James Smith, he must have left Woolwich some time during 1837.
The Smith family establish the Brantford Nursery at their farm (Newington Farm) located at Concession II, lot 28.
In March 1841 James Smith purchased from Hugh Mulholland of Brantford township the right to buy a further 100 acres of Crown Land (Concession II, lot 23, Brantford Township) and was awarded a patent for this property from the Lieutenant Governor dated 30th July 1841. At some point his son William Smith moved to this property to claim the land and to begin clearing it and building a house.
James the youngest son of James and Patience died on 20 Apr 1841 and was buried at Grace Anglican church, Brantford.
In 1844 James Smith was in poor health. He made his will on the 13th of May and died at the Brantford Nursery on the 12th of June 1844, aged 69 years.
Family links: 
  Martha Smith Randall (1809 - 1884)*
  William Austin Smith (1811 - 1881)*
  George Smith (1814 - 1895)*
  Sarah Smith Walkinshaw (1818 - 1887)*
  James Smith (1821 - 1841)*
*Calculated relationship
Non-Cemetery Burial
Specifically: Buried at his farm (Newington Farm) in Brantford township, what was once the Brantford Nursery, located at Concession II, lot 28. His gravestone is now next to what was once the house of his son William, located at Concession II, lot 23.
Created by: SmithPM
Record added: Apr 04, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 107794957
James Smith
Added by: SmithPM
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- Glenda Barry
 Added: Oct. 15, 2014

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