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William Davis Allison
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Birth: Jan. 26, 1861
Hamilton County
Ohio, USA
Death: Apr. 1, 1923
Gaines County
Texas, USA

William Davis "Dave" Allison (1861-1923) - A career lawman, Allison has been described as the most efficient lawman in Texas. Born in Ohio, he went to Texas when he grew up and at the age of 27, became the youngest sheriff in the Lone Star State. First elected as the Midland, Texas Sheriff in 1888, he served six terms. After so many years in Texas, Allison moved to Arizona and in 1903, joined the Arizona Rangers, where he served for two years until the organization was disbanded. During his tenure, he reportedly killed Three Finger Jack in a chase following a train robbery at Fairbank, Arizona. He was also credited with capturing the outlaw pair of the Owens brothers and Tom "Bravo Juan" Bowes. At other points in his lifetime, Allison served as a Texas Ranger; the Roswell, New Mexico chief of police; a bodyguard for former Tombstone boomtowner and mining magnate Bill Green during the vicious 1906 mine strikes at Cananea, Mexico; a West Texas constable; and a stock association detective. He is most noted for leading the posse that caught and killed Mexican revolutionary turned outlaw Pascual Orozco in 1915. Along the way, he was known to associate with and befriend such other Old West characters as John Hughes, Thomas Rynning, Frank Canton, Frank Hamer, Charles Siringo, and a young George S. Patton, who would say of Allison: "The most noted gunman here in Texas." Though known for his fearlessness, lack of bravado, and deadly aim with a gun, there were also some allegations that all was not perfect with the lawman. Having a serious gambling habit, there were claims made of misappropriation of funds at various times and Allison sometimes left his positions under a cloud of suspicion.

However, he was still working on the side of the law in 1923 when he was shot down and killed by two infamous cattle rustlers named Hill Loftis (aka Tom Ross) and Milton Paul Good. Working as a detective for the Texas Cattle Raisers Association, he and Horace Roberson, another detective, were in Seminole, Texas on April 1st to testify against the two cattle rustlers. The night before the trial, Allison and Roberson were sitting in the lobby of the Gaines Hotel when in came the two suspected cattle thieves, immediately opening fire with a pistol and a shotgun. Both men were killed. Allison's death was recognized as the end of a frontier era in the Lone Star State. His funeral was a heavily attended by numerous Texas lawmen and cattle kings.

Kathy Weiser/Legends of America, updated July, 2010. 
Family links: 
  John Pryor Allison (1832 - 1882)
  Mary Waters Allison (1837 - 1900)
  Lena Lee Johnston Allison (1871 - 1963)
  Hazel Allison Cummins (1889 - 1973)*
  William Davis Allison (1861 - 1923)
  Pattie Winston Allison Phillips (1868 - 1928)**
  Luke Pryor Allison (1871 - 1932)*
  Paul Clifton Allison (1875 - 1961)**
  John Allison (1878 - 1895)*
*Calculated relationship
South Park Cemetery
Chaves County
New Mexico, USA
Created by: Sarah M
Record added: Jan 26, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 24183364
William Davis Allison
Added by: plyce
William Davis Allison
Added by: Longwhitecarr
William Davis Allison
Added by: Longwhitecarr
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Thank you for your service to both great states of Arizona and Texas. May you rest in peace.
- Nancy E Brown
 Added: Aug. 8, 2013

- Ms. Marilyn K.
 Added: Feb. 24, 2013

- Longwhitecarr
 Added: Apr. 28, 2011
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