|Birth: ||Dec. 7, 1913|
Västra Götalands län, Sweden
|Death: ||Aug. 25, 2002|
Stockholms län, Sweden
Per Johan Valentin Anger was a Swedish diplomat who participated in efforts to rescue Hungarian Jews from arrest and deportation by the Nazis during World War II.
Anger originated the idea of issuing Swedish provisional passports and special certificates to protect Jews from internment and deportation. Seven hundred of these documents were issued initially. Although the legality of the documents was doubtful, the Hungarian government agreed to recognize their bearers as Swedish citizens. On July 9, Raoul Wallenberg arrived in Budapest. He immediately extended Anger's initiative, introducing colorful protective passes (Schutzpasse) and creating "safe houses" throughout the city. Anger and Wallenberg worked together, often literally snatching people from transports and death marches. After the Soviets invaded in January 1945, both Anger and Wallenberg were taken into custody. Anger was released three months later, but Wallenberg never emerged again, becoming one of the 20th Century's most famous missing persons.
After the war, Anger led efforts to learn what happened to Wallenberg, even meeting personally with Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1980s. He has been one of the leading figures in this search throughout the years, and he has also helped spread information about Wallenberg's deeds around the world.
In 1982 Anger was recognized by Yad Vashem as one of the "Righteous Among the Nations," and in 1995 he was honored with the Hungarian Republic's Order of Merit. In 2000 he was awarded honorary Israeli citizenship. In 2001, the American Swedish Historical Museum presented him the "Spirit of Raoul Wallenberg Humanitarian Award, and in April 2002 Swedish Prime Minister Göran Persson awarded Anger the "Illis Quorum Meruere Labores" for his actions during and after the war.
In 1997, the first book about Per Anger was published, "A Quiet Courage—Per Anger, Wallenberg's Co-Liberator of Hungarian Jews," written by Elisabeth R Skoglund.
Anger died in Stockholm after suffering a stroke
Created by: Dan
Record added: Apr 02, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 35440824
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