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 • Adelaide
 • South Australia
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Joseph Gottlieb
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Birth: Nov. 3, 1836, Germany
Death: Aug. 9, 1923
Adelaide
South Australia, Australia

It is not known exactly when Gottlieb arrived in America, but he was a resident, in 1861, at Foxboro, Massachusetts; pre-war occupation as a watchmaker; enlisted as a private in company F, 4th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia (Warren Light Guards), a three month unit, on April 16, 1861, and which unit had the honor of being the first regiment to leave the state of Massachusetts, entraining for Fall River en route for Fort Monroe on the afternoon of April 17; served under general Benjamin Butler at Fortress Monroe, where, for a month, it was part of the garrison; it was then sent, on May 27, to Newport News, employed there, most of the time until its return to Massachusetts, in fortifying Camp Butler; mustered out of the unit on July 22, 1861, at Long Island (in Boston Harbor); later enlisted , on June 10, 1862, and was mustered in on August 16, 1862, as a sergeant in company D, 35th Massachusetts Infantry; credited to Boston, Massachusetts; involved in the engagements at South Mountain, Antietam (where he, as a sergeant, commanded the company), and in the December, 1862 battle of Fredericksburg; Gottleib, in his later years, described an incident at the battle of Antietam: "Asked whether these engagements had provided any memorable incidents the veteran replied that at Antietam he was commanding a company which was without a commissioned officer, and as he gave the word to charge a man named Read was standing close at hand when he was struck in the chest by a shell. The shot passed through him, and disemboweled him, but he remained for several seconds leaning forward on his rifle before he fell. ‘At the South Mountain fight,' he continued, ‘when we were charging the rise the men were very tired, but we had to maintain our front, and as it was growing dark we halted. The men then dropped in their tracks from exhaustion. I remember that I slept soundly through the night, and when I woke in the morning at the round of reveille I found I had a dead man for a pillow.'"; the regimental history of the 35th Massachusetts Infantry and roster does confirm that a private named Luther F. Read, of Westford, and aged 24 in 1862, and also a member of company D, was killed in action at Antietam on September 17, 1862, and is buried at the Antietam National Cemetery, Maryland; Gottlieb was promoted 1st sergeant, and later appointed 2nd lieutenant in the same unit, on December 15, 1862; sent with his unit to the western theatre of operations, and was at Knoxville, Tennessee, during the siege; promoted 1st lieutenant, April 30, 1863; attached to the general staff as Ordnance Officer of the 2nd Division in general Parks' Army Corps; returned with his regiment to Virginia, and was in the battle of the Wilderness, in 1864; commissioned as captain on September 6, 1864, and was mustered in on September 20, 1864; stated that he had witnessed the hanging execution of seven deserters who had murdered teamsters to secure some supplies; Gottlieb indicated that he was in the siege of Petersburg during 1864 and 1865; transferred, on June 9, 1865 to the 29th Massachusetts Volunteers; discharged August 9, 1865; brevetted as a major to date from May 29, 1865, "for meritorious services, and especially for gallant conduct in the assault [at Petersburg, Virginia] of April 2, 1865"; Gottlieb stated that he had been twice wounded during the Petersburg campaign; naturalized as a citizen of the United States on September 14, 1867, at the United States District Court at Boston, where he was then resident; arrived in Australia about 1870; he was later appointed a mine manager, and was on the Teetulpa Goldfields in 1888 (this goldfield was situated in east South Australia, some 310 kilometres north-northeast of Adelaide); one of the mines he managed was named Petersburg, after the city in Virginia; he was also indicated to have been manager of the Homeward Bound Mine, in 1905; applied for the United States government pension for his service during the Civil War, which pension was commenced in 1908; on August 31, 1909, he was appointed manager of the Homeward Bound and Klondyke Gold Mines at Mannahill; Gottlieb was interviewed for a newspaper article in November, 1912, in which he was described as being under 5 feet 6 inches in height, and was "burnt like a berry from exposure to the sun and winds of the North"; resided, in his final years, with Mrs. Mary Kronke, and Mrs. Ruby Mary Stutley, both of Henley Beach, South, Adelaide, South Australia, and with whom he was not related; died at Fullarton, an inner suburb of Adelaide, on August 9, 1923; buried, August 10, 1923, at the West Terrace Cemetery, section – road A extension, row number 3W, site number 1; in the notice of his death, made out by the American Consular Service at Adelaide, it was shown that Gottlieb had been married in Boston, his wife's name being Amelia, and they had had one daughter, Margaret, born in 1870, and in which same year he had divorced his wife; however, prior to his death, Gottlieb had told the Consul that he had no interest in his daughter or divorced wife; Gottlieb had bequeathed all his belongings and savings to both Mrs. Kronke and Mrs. Stutley; Mrs. Kronke and Mrs. Stutley also indicated, to the Consul, that they had been given the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds, by Gottlieb, before his death, and they offered to return this sum to the Consul, after his death, but which offer was kindly declined.

SOURCES:

Massachusetts Births, 1841 – 1915, Births Registered in the town of Foxborough, [Norfolk county, Massachusetts] for the Year 1861, at www.familysearch.org

Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors and Marines in the Civil War, volumes 1 and 3;

History of the Thirty-Fifth Regiment Massachusetts;

War of the Rebellion: Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, series 1, volume 46, part 1, page 1025;

United States, New England Naturalization Index, 1791 – 1906, at www.familysearch.org;

Adelaide Register (South Australia) dated Wednesday, 1 September, 1909, page 4, and 27 November, 1912 and 10 August, 1923;

Examiner (Launceston, Tasmania) dated Thursday, 6 April, 1905, page 2;

pension index card for Joseph Gottlieb;

Report of the Death of An American Citizen at Ancestry.com. 
 
Burial:
West Terrace Cemetery
Adelaide
South Australia, Australia
 
Created by: Terry Foenander
Record added: May 21, 2014
Find A Grave Memorial# 130153057
Joseph Gottlieb
Added by: Terry Foenander
 
Joseph Gottlieb
Added by: Terry Foenander
 
 
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