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Col Juan Bautista "Lord Governor" Anza
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Birth: Jul. 7, 1736
Fronteras
Sonora, Mexico
Death: Dec. 19, 1788
Arizpe
Sonora, Mexico

Mission 2000
Book: Cuquiárachi Page Number: 96v
Baptism 07/07/1736 Cuquiárachi
On the seventh of July of the year one thousand, seven hundred and thirty-six in the Church of San Ignacio of
Cuquiárachi with license from its own parish priest, I solemnly baptized and anointed with holy oil Juan Bautista,
legitimate son of Captain Don Juan Bautista de Anza, and of Doña Maria Rosa Bezerra Nieto.
His Godfather was Don Pedro Felipe de Anza, in testimony of which I signed.
The Jesuit Carlos de Roxas, Minister of Doctrine for His Majesty.
Event Relationship
María Rosa Bezerra Nieto : Mother
Juan Bautista de Anssa : Father
Juan Bautista de Ansa : Baptized
Carlos Rojas : Priest
Pedro Felipe de Anssa : Godfather

Children of Juan Bautista De Anssa and Maria Valenzuela are:
1. Maria Gertrudis De Ansa married Tranquila
2. Maria Manuela de Ansa, b. January 01, 1717/18,
Fronteras, Sonora, New Spain.

Children of Juan Bautista De Anssa and Maria Rosa Bezerra Nietto are:
3. Captain Francisco Antonio de Ansa, b. January 17, 1724/25,
Janos, Chihuahua New, Spain
d. June 10, 1785, Santa Fe, New Mexico, New Spain
4. Maria Margarita de Anza, b. June 29, 1727, Janos,
Chihuahua, Mexico.
5. Josefa Gregoria Juachina de Ansa, b. March 30, 1732, Fronteras, Sonara, Mexico, d. May 03, 1800, Villaro, Bizkaia, Spain.
6. Juan Bautista De Anza, b. July 07, 1736, Cuquiarachi, Sonora, Mexico, d. December 19, 1788, Arizpe, Sonora, Mexico.
Maria Rafaela Bezerra Nieto Abt. 1724 wife of Juan Bautista De Anza.
English translation:
On day 20 of the month of December in the year of the Lord 1788 in this Holy Church of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción
of Arizpe, church burial was given the Lord Colonel Don Juan Bautista de Anza, who confessed and received the Holy
Sacrament of the Extreme Unction, minus the Sacred Viaticum, because he died suddenly and was entered in the
Chapel of Nuestra Señora de Loreto, for which I sign. Miguel Elias Gonsalez.
He was married to Doña María Regina Perez Serrano.
Miguel Elias Gonsalez (rubric)

Col. Juan Bautista de Anza Bezerra Nieto Lord Governor of Nuevo Spain was born July 1736 and died December 19, 1788. He was a Novo-Spanish explorer for the Spanish Empire.
Juan Bautista de Anza was born in Fronteras, Sonora (near Arizpe)(Arizona) into a military family on the northern frontier of New Spain.
He was the son of Captain Juan Bautista de Anza/Anssa who was killed by Apaches and Maria Rafaela Bezerra Nieto.
Maria Rafaela Bezerra Nieto's father was Captain Antonio Bezerra Nieto, Soldado de Janos - Capitán de la compañía, Gmarried Marido de Gregoria Gómez de Silva;
Burial Place: Janos-in the presidio chapel, in the sanctuary.
The Nieto family were major mine owners as well as connected to the Church.
In 1752 Juan Bautista de Anza enlisted in the army at the Presidio of Fronteras.Became captain by 1760. He married in 1761.
His wife was the daughter of Spanish mine owner Perez de Serrano. They had no children. His military duties consisted of forays against hostile native Apache Indian's. He explored much of what is now Arizona.
In 1772 he proposed an expedition to Alta California (A dream of his father) to the Viceroy of New Spain. This was approved by the King of Spain.
Anza paid for the expedition and on January 8, 1774 with 3 padres, 20 soldiers, 11 servants, 35 mules, 65 cattle, and 140 horses he set forth from Tubac south of present day Tucson, Arizona. The expedition took a southern route along the Rio Altar (Sonora y Sinaloa, New Spain) then paralleled the modern Mexico/California border and crossed the Colorado River at its confluence with the Gila River in the domain of the Yuma tribe with which he established good relations. He reached Mission San Gabriel Arcangel, (San Gabrial, Los Angeles County, California)near the California coast (70 miles) on March 22, 1774 and Monterey, California, Alta California's Capital April 19th. He returned to Tubac (Arizona) by late May, 1774. This expedition was closely watched by Viceroy and King and on October 2, 1774 he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel and ordered to lead a group of colonists to Alta California.
The expedition got under way in October, 1775 and arrived at Mission San Gabriel in January, 1776 the colonists having suffered greatly from the winter weather en route.
He continued on to Monterey, California with the colonists; then fulfilling his mission from the Viceroy he continued on with a small party exploring north and located the sites for the Presidio of San Francisco and Mission San Francisco de Asis in present day San Francisco, California on March 28, 1776. He did not establish the settlement; it was established later by José Joaquín Moraga. While returning to Monterey, he located the original sites for Mission Santa Clara de Asis and the town of San José de Guadalupe (modern day San Jose, CA), but again did not establish either settlement.
On his return from this successful expedition he journeyed to Mexico City with the chief of the Quechan (Yuma) tribe who requested the establishment of a mission. Shortly thereafter, on August 24, 1777, Anza was appointed Governor of the Province of New Mexico, Arizona, New Mexico, California, Colorado etc. All of the known New World.
He led a punitive expedition against the Comanche who had been repeatedly raiding Taos (New Mexico)in 1779. With his Ute and Apache allies and about 800 soldiers he went north through the San Luis Valley, entering the plains at what is now Manitou Springs, Colorado. He surprised a small force of Comanche near present day Colorado Springs. Chasing them south down Fountain Creek, he crossed the Arkansas River near present day Pueblo, Colorado. He found the main body of Comanche, returning from a raid on New Mexico, on Greenhorn Creek and inflicted a decisive defeat, killing Cuerno Verde, the chief (for whom Greenhorn Creek is named) and many other leaders of the Comanche. Severely weakened, the Comanche ceased their raids and moved to the southeast into what is now Oklahoma and Texas.
In late 1779, Anza and his party found a route from Santa Fe to Sonora. His various local military expeditions against hostile tribes were successful, but the Yuma tribe which he had establish peace with rebelled and he fell out of favor with the military commander of the northern frontier, the frontier-general. In 1783 Anza lead a campaign against the Comanche on the eastern plains and by 1784 they were suing for peace. The last Comanche chiefs acceded and a formal treaty was concluded in 1786. This paved the way for traders and the development of the Comanchero trade.
Anza stayed on as governor of New Mexico until 1787 when he returned to Sonora. He was appointed commander of the Presidio of Tucson in 1788 but died before he could take office. He died and was buried in Arizpe, Sonora and was survived by his wife.
Anza was buried in the Church of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Arispe. In 1963 he was disinterred and reburied in a marble mausoleum with the participation of delegations from the University of California and San Francisco.
Legacy
The town of Anza, California is named after Juan Bautista de Anza. The small town of roughly 7,000 people lies on highway 371 in the mountains above Palm Springs. A building named the Juan de Anza House in San Juan Bautista, California is a National Historic Landmark, but was not constructed until circa 1830, and its connection is unclear. De Anza is also the namesake of several streets, schools, and organizations in California, including De Anza Boulevards in San Mateo and Cupertino respectively, De Anza College in Cupertino, De Anza High School in Richmond, Juan De Anza K-5 in the Wiseburn Elementary School District, Hawthorne, De Anza Middle School in Ventura, De Anza Hotel in San Jose, and Juan Bautista De Anza Community Park in Calabasas. There is also Anza Street in San Francisco.
De Anza Elementary School in Baldwin Park, Los Angeles, California.
The Harbor at Dana Point California was an old Spanish port for ships landing to supply the Capistrano Mission in Capistrano, California.
There was a stair case done in the California Mission style. It climbed up about 300 feet of cliff edge.
I climbed it once. It was old and broken in many spots.
Juan Bautista De Anza stopped at the Capistrano Mission site. The Ortega Canyon River flows past and there was ample water for the livestock.
This is where the expedition turned twords San Gabriel Mission in-land away from the coast.

De Anssa, Capt Juan Bautista
b. Jun. 29, 1693 d. May, 1740 Mission at Guevavi
Tucson, Pima County, Arizona, New Spain
De Anssa, Maria Rafaela Bezerra Nieto
b. 1695 d. Oct. 4, 1760 Mission at Guevavi
Tucson,Pima County, Arizona, New Spain

Juan Bautista De Anza was dis-intered and placed in a glass and marble 2000 lbs. crypt where his bones are on display. 
 
Family links: 
 Parents:
  Juan Bautista De Anssa (1693 - 1740)
  Maria Rafaela Bezerra Nieto De Anssa (1695 - 1760)
 
 Sibling:
  Francisco De Anza (1725 - 1785)**
  Juan Bautista Anza (1736 - 1788)
 
*Calculated relationship
**Half-sibling
 
Note: Search Anssa , Arizona, for his mother's buriel: Search, Francisco Anza, New Mexico
 
Burial:
Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Arizpe
Arizpe
Sonora, Mexico
Plot: At the alter of the Church
 
Created by: John Andrew Meyer
Record added: Sep 10, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 29705304
Col Juan Bautista Lord Governor Anza
Added by: John Andrew Meyer
 
Col Juan Bautista Lord Governor Anza
Added by: John Andrew Meyer
 
Col Juan Bautista Lord Governor Anza
Added by: John Andrew Meyer
 
 
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Rest in peace, distant Great Uncle.
- Frosty
 Added: Jul. 1, 2013
Rest in Peace! Godspeed!
- billcarr
 Added: Mar. 24, 2010
REST IN PEACE UNCLE I grew up hearing about you from my grandfather Joseph Nicholas Giardina. He was very proud of his Anza family.I went to the De Anza Elementary School inBaldwin Park California. You probably crossed the Rio Hondo River close by where m...(Read more)
- John Andrew Meyer
 Added: Oct. 7, 2008
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