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Red Cloud
Original name: Makhpiya-Luta Red Cloud
Birth: 1822
Lincoln County
Nebraska, USA
Death: Dec. 10, 1909
Pine Ridge
Oglala Lakota County
South Dakota, USA

Red Cloud, chief of the Oglala Lakota, for years frustrated efforts of the United States government to open up the West. From 1859 on he and his warriors, living near Fort Laramie, Wyoming attacked whites encroaching on Indian Territory along the North Platte River. By 1865 he was effectively discouraging white intrusion by way of the Bozeman trail. Red Cloud led the 1866 massacre of 80 troops from Fort Kearney, one of the posts built to protect the trail, an event that led to the abandonment of the trail by the whites in 1868. A peace treaty, which Red Cloud signed, seems to have been a turning point for the war chief. After visiting Washington, D.C., he agreed to settle down as a reservation chief. According to Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, he sold out to the whites, permitting corrupt and inadequate conditions on Sioux reservations. He lost his status as head chief in 1881. After the Wounded Knee massacre (1890) he lived quietly on Pine Ridge Reservation. 
Family links: 
  Jackson Red Cloud (1858 - 1918)*
*Calculated relationship
Red Cloud Cemetery
Pine Ridge
Oglala Lakota County
South Dakota, USA
Maintained by: Find A Grave
Originally Created by: Michael Sadaj
Record added: Oct 25, 2002
Find A Grave Memorial# 6878358
Red Cloud
Added by: Larry Usry, Sr.
Red Cloud
Added by: Längenberger Familien
Red Cloud
Added by: Andrea Trampe
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