|Death: ||Oct. 27, 1864|
The Battle of Albany Monument is located at the battlefield near the present town of Orrick, Missouri and honors the eleven Missouri Partisan Rangers that died there. On October 26,1864, a company of Missouri Partisan Rangers CSA led by Captain William T. "Bill" Anderson were camped at this spot. Three hundred men of the Fifty-first and Third-third Missouri Militia Mounted Infantry U.S. led by Major Samuel P. Cox of Gallatin, Missouri were camped several miles the other side of Albany. A union women rode in to Major Cox's camp and told him where Captain Anderson's Company was camped and what they were doing. Major Cox led his men to a tree line next to the battlefield and they dismounted. Then Lieutenant Baker, with a squad of cavalry, was sent to attack Captain Anderson's Company and bring on the fight. Captain Anderson and about twenty of his men mounted their horses and chased them across the field and through the federal line. Three hundred federal men were hidden in the tree line and opened fire. Eight of Captain Anderson's men died at the first volley. Captain Anderson and two of his men rode through the federal line and would have escaped except one of them went down and Captain Anderson and the other went back to help their friend and were both shot down. Adolph Vogel's, the bugler for Major Cox, version, "I saw the body of a man in front of me who looked like he might be an officer. He was dressed well and in his big wide brimmed hat there was a long feather. I told Major Cox about him and he ordered me to take everything off him. We took his pistols, his hat and his papers he had on him that told who he was. The hat was just what I wanted and I took It. We took the body of Anderson to Richmond and I held it up while they took a picture of it." James S. Hackley remembered seeing Anderson's body after he was killed. His mother was a cousin of Bill Anderson. "We drove to Richmond and when my mother saw the blood on Anderson's face and his clotted hair, she pleaded that the picture not be taken until she had washed his face and combed his hair. Her plea was refused by Captain Cox, who was present and claimed to have killed Anderson." On Captain Anderson's body was found his likeness and that of his wife,a small Confederate flag, letters from his wife from Texas, a lock of her hair and orders from Major General Price. Captain Anderson was buried in the southwest corner of the Richmond Cemetery. June 8, 1908, Cole Younger came to Richmond as manager of a street carnival. Cole soon found old friends and while at a dinner in his honor, the subject of Bill Anderson came up and his being buried without "benefit of clergy". Cole expressed regret that Bill had not received "proper respect". In attendence at this dinner was noted lawyer J.L. Farris, Jr. Farris said that he would give the oration and Maurice Roberts , who was then chairman of the board of police commissioners of St Louis, Mo, said that he would secure the services of Elder J.E. Dunn, a widely know minister, for the prayer. The next morning the funeral procession marched across to the cemetery and formed a hollow square around the grave. The minister opened the Bible and began reading: "Remember thy creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them; while the sun or the light, or the moon, or the stars be not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain". He closed the Bible , bowed his head and offered a prayer for God's mercy upon the guerilla leader. Then J.L. Farris, Jr. delivered his "eulogy", which many said equaled the oration of Robert G. Ingersall at the tomb of Napoleon. The pain and anguish of loosing a father, sister, uncle, and numerous friends was over for this young man of 24 years. Can anyone say for certain, that under the same circumstances that they would have acted any different. When justice is aligned against you, your friends and family, denied you by force of arms, you either find your own, die trying or bow and surrender. Bill Anderson and his brothers and sisters were born in Missouri. In 1857, Bill's father, William, moved his family to Breckinridge County, Kansas. Bill and his father each had 160 acres they were farming. Until March 11, 1862, Bill Anderson had been content to take care of his farm and his family. "On March 7, 1862, Quantrill and his men sacked and plundered Aubrey, Kansas. Three days later, Colonel Graham of the Union forces detached Lieutenant Greelish and his compny from their assignment at Olathe, Kansas, and sent them to Aubry to establish order and investigate. The names of Bill Anderson's father and uncle were among those furnished on a list of Southern sympathizers. Bill and his little brother, Jim, were on a trip to Fort Leavenworth to deliver fifteen head of prime beef to the commissary officer when the questioners arrived at the Anderson farm on the afternoon of March 11. When the brothers arrived home about noon on the 12th, they were shocked to discover that both their father and uncle had been hanged by a squad of Union solders." (M.W. McCarter in an article that appeared in the winter of 1961, Frontier Times magazine) By July, 1862, Bill had joined Captain William Quantrill and his partisan rangers to protect his family and to get even with the union that had murdered his father. Bill Anderson's three sisters, Josephine 14, Mary 16 and Jennie 10 were captured south of Kansas City. Col Thomas Ewing ordered a Col Fletcher to select fourteen men to go and arrest the Anderson girls. The girls were put behind three of the soldiers on horseback to protect the soldiers from Bill Anderson. The girls were taken to Kansas City with other children and women and placed in a prison. The prison was at 1409 Grand Avenue, Kansas City. The building was a three story business building in a block long row of connected buildings. The buildings were six years old and in very good condition. They had been rented by the U.S. Army for this purpose. The buildings had eighteen inch thick brick outer walls and thirteen inch inner walls. Each building shared a partition wall with the building next to it. The ceiling joists were attached to the partition walls and rested on a sixty feet long girder or beam that ran from the front to the back of the building. The beam was supported by columns or wooden posts. The building next to the prison was used by the U.S. Army as a soldier's guard house. The soldiers in the guard house deliberately sawed out all of the support columns in the guard house. When they did this, the guard house fell in and pulled the brick partition wall down. When this happened, the three story prison building fell over on top of the guard house. There are several sworn expert witness statements to this affect.(The sworn statements are all listed in Donald R. Hale's book,"They Called Him Bloody Bill". When the prison collapsed, Bill Anderson's 14 year old sister, Josephine was killed, 10 year old Jennie was injured and 16 year old Mary was badly wounded. Also killed were Mrs. Susan Vandiver, Mrs. Armenia Whitsett Gilvey and Christie McCorkle Kerr. The ones with serious injuries were Miss Mollie Granstaff, Miss Sue Mundy and Mrs Nan Harris McCorkle. They were all family of Captain Quantrill's men. His men were so outraged that they started planning their attack of Lawrence, Kansas.
Note: This monument is next to the Old Albany Cemetery
Created by: Gary and Nancy Clampitt
Record added: Feb 13, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 65585966