|Birth: ||1665, Scotland|
|Death: ||Mar. 28, 1736|
New Jersey, USA
John Anderson was born in Fortrose, Scotland, located on the northern shore of the Moray Firth. Fortrose was originally known as Chanonry. James Anderson, the father of Col. John Anderson and Captain Kenneth Anderson, was born in the same village. James Anderson served as the village baillie (alderman-magistrate). In 1675, he moved his family to Edinburgh before finally settling in Glasgow.
James Anderson is most likely buried in the Greyfriars Burying Ground in Glasgow.
Colonel John Anderson, Jr. captained one of the ships that rescued the survivors of the "Darian Debale." The Darian Debacle was Scotland's attempt to colonize Central America in 1698. Several hunderd Scottish investors pooled several hundred thousand British Pounds together in order to colonize New Calendonia (Darian) including one John Anderson, a possible relative, who invested 1000 pounds.
The "Darian Colonists" built Fort Saint Andrew on an isthmus located in a bay in what is today Panama. The fort was located on an isthmus across from Golden Island. The isthmus was made into an island by digging a short waterway through a narrow section of land which connected the peninsula to the mainland. A stone marker was dicovered a few years ago on the spot where the settlement was established.
It has been argued by historians that the failure of the Darian Expedition led to a major disruption in the Scottish economy due to the widespread speculation and enormous amount invested by so many Scottish citizens.
This factor, they argue, led to The Bitish Act of Union in 1707 whereby Scotland relinquished its independence and joined in union with Great Britain.
The Darian settlement was a complete failure. Hundereds died within a few months from yellow fever. The leaders of the expedition determined that the remining survivors would be transported back to Scotland. Col. Anderson captained one of the rescue ships called the Unicorn. On the trip back the ship made its way to the island of Jamaica for repairs and supplies. From there it encounterd a storm and it limped its way into the harbor at Perth Amboy, NJ. After the ship landed and the surviors were put ashore, the ship was stripped down and eventually sank in the Perth Amboy, New Jersey harbor, at the foot of Fayette Street.
Colonel Anderson remained in New Jersey eventually settling in the Matawan area of Monmouth County.
Col. Anderson married Anna (Miller) Reid on December 7, 1701 at Tintern Manor in Shrewsbury, Monmouth County, NJ.
The day after his wedding John Reid granted Col. Anderson, his son-in-law, land in Manalapan, Monmouth County, NJ.
Tintern was the plantation of Gov. Lewis Morris; Find-A-Grave mm.#60755645.
Anna Reid was born on January 24, 1679 in Lawres, Perthshire, Scotland. Anna (Reid) Anderson was the dauhter of John Reid; Find-A-Grave mem.#9178791 and Margaret (Miller) Reid; Find-A_Grave mem.#9338914. John Reid, her father, was the first Surveyor General of East Jersy. He was a bookseller in Edinburgh, Scotland before he emigrated to America with his wife Margaret Miller and thier young childern aboard the ship "Exchange" captained by James Peacock on December 19, 1683. They were married on November 29, 1678 in Tillock, Scotland.
John Reid resided at Perth Amboy, NJ and encouraged the early Quaker migration to Monmouth County, NJ near the Indian settlement of Topanemus. He moved to that area in his later years.
Anna (Reid) Anderson died in Manalapan, NJ on July 6, 1723. She is buried with her husband, parents and several of their children and their descendants in the Topanemus Cemetery.
The flat ground level rectangular burial slabs of Col. John and Anna (Reid) Anderson were removed in the 1940's by Claude Anderson, a descendant. Claude Anderson carried the stone burial monuments to his home in Riverton, NJ.
Claude Anderson nicknamed his residence "Rive Gauche."
Colonel John Anderson's monument reads as follows:
Under here lyes the body of Coll. John Anderson
Once President of His Majesty's Council for the Province of New Jersey (he held that position for 18 days)
Who departed this life March the 28th Anno Domini 1736 aged 71 years.
His country's true friend, obliging to neighbors, gave no man offense, paid each for their labor, was easie [sic] at home or abroad where appeared
gave each man his due and no man did fear
the same in all stations from flattery free.
Although Col. Anderson served only eighteen days as New Jersey's chief executive, he served on the Council of New Jersey from 1713-1736 missing just four years of service.
In 1713, when he was first place on the council, an effort was made to discredit him in order to block his admission. He was charged with being a Presbyterian which would have automatically invalidated his appointment. It was also stated that he plundered the Unicorn at the time of its disablement. Both claims were proven false. He was in fact an Episcopalian. Colonel John Anderson became President of the Council of New Jersey on March 10, 1736.
The children of Colonel John and Anna (Reid) Anderson:
(1) John Anderson (b.ca.1704)
(2) James Anderson (b.July 7, 1708)
(3) Hellana Anderson, the daughter of John and Anna (Reid)
Anderson, married Thomas Hankinson. Hellana (Anderson) Hankinson, the daughter of Col. John Anderson and Anna (Reid) Anderson is Find-A-Grave Memorial number 9337624.
(4) Col. Kenneth Anderson; Find-A-Grave #12125814 married Hannah Hankinson; Find-A-Grave #9275601.
*NOTE: Hannah Hankinson and Thomas Hankinson were the children of Thomas Hankinson; Find-A-Grave #5516099.
Col. Kenneth and Hannah (Hankinson) Anderson had a daughter Lydia Anderson; Find-A-Grave #9275610 and a daughter Isabella Anderson; Find-A-Grave #11327889.
Isabella Anderson married Dr. Nathaniel Scudder; Find-A-Grave #5989072.
Dr. Nathaniel Scudder was a signer of The Articles of Confederation (America's first Constitution).
Colonel Dr. Nathaniel Scudder led a regiment at the Battle of Monmouth. He is the only member of the Continental
Congress to die in battle during the American Revolution.
(5) Johnathan Anderson
(6) Margaret Anderson
(7) Anna Anderson
(8) Elizabeth Anderson
(9) Isabella Anderson
A special thanks to Donald Lockhart for providing information about the Anderson family.
The Scottish Origin of Colonel John Anderson, The American Genealogist, 2007.
Anna Reid Anderson (1679 - 1723)*
Hellana Anderson Hankinson (1706 - 1747)*
Topanemus Episcopal Burial Ground
New Jersey, USA
Created by: Terry
Record added: Jul 31, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 55663016