|Birth: ||Aug. 16, 1883|
New York, USA
|Death: ||Jan. 1, 1919|
Major Charles Ferguson Cook was born on August 16, 1883 in Knoxboro, New York. He attended Cornell University and earned a degree in Civil Engineering in 1906 and went on to Princeton as a graduate student.
In 1910, he was the named the Chief Engineer in the archeological expedition at the ancient city of Sardis in Asia Minor. This ancient city is usually best known as the capital of the Lydians, who pioneered the use of coins replacing barter, as well as inventing the game of dice, and as being one of the Seven Churches prominently mentioned in St. John's book of Revelation in the New Testament. Sardis would develop into a significant trade center, serving several ancient civilizations from the Hittites to the Romans. Sardis was taken over by Cyrus the Great and became part of the Persian Empire. Later, Persian King Xerxes I launched his campaign against the Greek city-states from Sardis and fought the battle with the famed 300 Spartans. In 334 BC Alexander the Great conquered Sardis and launched his campaign against the Persians. Sardis was under Roman control when a devastating earthquake in AD 17 destroyed the city and Emperor Tiberius had it rebuilt. Sardis would be at the crossroads of empires that rose and fell until AD 1402 when Tamerlane completely razed the city. It was never rebuilt.
His expedition unearthed bronze coins and fragments of statues. They discovered the remains of the great 4th Century BC Temple of Artemis whose length measured 350 feet and had columns that once rose several stories. Many of the artifacts recovered were brought back and placed in various museums. Among the prize artifacts was a massive ionic column of the temple that once stood 46 feet high. This column in the New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art.
In 1917, he received a commission as major in the Ordinance Reserve Corp., and placed in charge of the Purchases Station, Ammunition Division. When war broke out, he volunteered his services to the government.
He survived World War I, the great war, but was struck down at the age of 35 by the most devastating epidemic in history. The influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 killed more people than World War I, somewhere between 20 and 40 million people. It has been cited as the most devastating epidemic in recorded world history. More people died of influenza in a single year than in four-years of the Black Death Bubonic Plague. The influenza of 1918-1919 was a global disaster. In the fall of 1918 the Great War in Europe was winding down and peace was on the horizon. In pockets across the globe, something erupted that seemed as benign as the common cold. The influenza of that season, however, was far more than a cold. In the two years that this scourge ravaged the earth, a fifth of the world's population was infected. The flu was most deadly for people ages 20 to 40. This pattern of morbidity was unusual for influenza which is usually a killer of the elderly and young children. It infected 28% of all Americans. An estimated 675,000 Americans died of influenza during the pandemic, ten times as many as in World War I. Of the U.S. soldiers who died in Europe, half of them fell to the influenza virus and not to the enemy. An estimated 43,000 servicemen mobilized for WWI died of influenza. It would go down as an unforgettable epidemic of suffering and death.
Maple Grove Cemetery
New York, USA
Created by: Carl Ballenas
Record added: Jun 10, 2012
Find A Grave Memorial# 91698339
Added: Feb. 4, 2014