Enlisted as Corporal in Company E of the Fourth Michigan Volunteer Infantry on June 20, 1861, for 3 years. Promoted to Sergeant on September 1, 1862. Mustered out at expiration of term of service on June 28, 1864, at Detroit, Michigan.
Sources: " Record of Service of Michigan Volunteers in the Civil War 1861 -1865, vol. 4", also known as the "Brown Book" and personal research from the soldier's Compiled Military Service Records and Pension Application file from the National Archives.
For Further Information See: Fourth Michigan Volunteer Infantry 1861-1866 4th Michigan Infantry http://www.4thmichigan.com/