|Death: ||Nov. 22, 1930|
Joseph Bout, whose birth name was Joseph Bautovich, was born around 1833 at Peljesac, Dubrovnik, Croatia. After migrating to the United States Joseph enlisted as a seaman aboard the CSS "Florida" and was later a witness against one Edward Vickopuskis for mutinous conduct aboard ship on September 19, 1864. It became known as the "Prince of Privateers," was the second most successful Confederate raider after the CSS "Alabama" built in June 1861, was the Confederacy's first foreign-built commerce raider and it departed Liverpool, England on March 22, 1862; commissioned at Green Cay, Bahamas with Lieutenant John Newland Maffitt commanding. From there she sailed to Cuba and through the Federal blockade into Mobile, Alabama where she arrived on September 4, 1861. She remained in port until January 16, 1863, when she again broke through the Federal blockade to begin a lucrative seven-month cruise, during which she captured twenty-two vessels, including the Union clippers "Red Gauntlet" and the "Southern Cross"; facilitating the capture of another twenty-three, among them the Union revenue cutter "Caleb Cushing". She became the dread of all Union shipping.
After a five-month refit in Brest, France, during which the command was transferred to Lieutenant Charles M. Morris, the CSS "Florida" captured eleven more ships before putting into the neutral port of Bahia, Brazil, on October 4, 1864; a few days after the USS Wachusett had entered the neutral port. Morris swore to Brazilian officials he would observe Brazilian neutrality and refrain from any hostilities against the Union ship while in Brazilian waters, and was granted four days in which to make necessary repairs. The U.S. Consul in the port of Bahia immediately sent a letter of protest to the authorities in Bahia, Brazil, claiming that the CSS "Florida" was not entitled to privileges and immunities conceded to vessels navigating under the flag of a civilized nation. Officials in Bahia, Brazil, however, rejected the protest, advising that the Imperial Government of Brazil "recognized the Confederate States as legal belligerents", and were therefore entitled to any humanitarian assistance required; "as laid down by international law".
After the war Joseph arrived in Adelaide, South Australia aboard a windjammer and according to family oral history, jumped ship. He then married Mary Ann Satterley on October 30, 1867 at Hindmarsh, South Australia and later became a farmer.
Joseph Bout Bautovich died at 97 years of age at Tyntynder Central, Victoria, Australia on November 22, 1930, and was buried at Swan Hill Cemetery in Victoria, Australia on November 24, 1930. Descendants include Joseph Bautovich of Guilianah and David Bautovich of Irrewarra, Victoria, Australia.
See his memorial on www.acwv.info.
Swan Hill Cemetery
Created by: James Gray
Record added: Oct 04, 2009
Find A Grave Memorial# 42709600