County Londonderry, Northern Ireland
IRISH ANDREW CULBERTSON, SR. (ca. 1694-1746)
Andrew Culbertson (Irish Andrew) came to America from Londonderry, Ireland, before 1726. He was among the first to come to the Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, area in 1729. Irish Andrew was born about 1694 and died in about 1746. The location of the Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, area was in Chester County in the 1726 to 1729. With the creation of Lancaster County out of Chester County, Shippensburg fell into Lancaster County, and then when Cumberland and Franklin Counties were formed, Shippensburg was in Cumberland County, very near the border with Franklin County.
Andrew Culbertson, Sr., (ca. 1694-1746) is one of the Culbertson immigrants from Ireland. Dr. Lewis R. Culbertson is perhaps known as the foremost authority on the Culbertson families. On pages 43 and 44 of his book, Genealogy of the Culbertson and Culberson Families, Lewis R. Culbertson, M.D., The Courier Co, Zanesvillie, Ohio, 1923, he relates the following information:
"Andrew Culbertson emigrated to America from Londonderry Co., Ireland, and settled in Kennett Tp., Chester Co., Pa., before 1726. He is on tax records of this county until 1728, but left Chester Co. in 1728-29 and settled in Hopewell Tp., Lancaster Co. (now Cumberland Co.), Pa., in 1729, being one of the very first permanent settlers of the present Cumberland Co., Pa. There is little doubt but that he was with the first party of Benjamin Chambers that went to Cumberland Co., Pa. Benjamin Chambers was the first white man who made a settlement in what is now known as Franklin County.
‘He (Irish Andrew) lived but a short distance from the Row and his descendants have always been regarded as belonging to the Row, but they did not, as that term was applied to the settlement of the three Irish brothers, Alex., Robert and Samuel and cousin Joseph. He was an uncle of the three "Pa. Row" brothers. Alex., Joseph and Samuel were named as his bondsmen in the administration of his estate, filed in 1746, and his (Andrew's) son, Samuel, was his administrator. An inventory of his estate was filed in 1747, of which I have a copy. On it his name is written Colbertson. It is quite interesting and shows that he was one of the wealthiest men of the Cumberland Valley. The total value of the inventory was about $4000, a very large sum for those days. Division of his estate was made in Cumberland Co., in 1750, from which I obtained names of his children, the last five being minors at that date. I should suppose from this that he must have been born before 1700. His land was assessed in inventory at £280. About this date the Proprietaries were receiving for land in Pa. £15, 10 shillings per 100 acres. The names of his children are derived from inventory and division of his estate. In May 1748 his widow Janet took out a warrant for 50 acres in Hopewell Tp., Lancaster Co., Pa. Patent not returned on this until Jan. 18, 1775. This patent was returned with 33 acres which evidently was allowed or purchased by her from her first husband's estate. Order of resurvey was given Mar. 5, 1767, and in this plat is 83 acres. Janet Culbertson by deed Jan. 13, 1775, granted said land to Robert Culbertson." This was her son. Land was in Shippensburg. The appraisers of his estate were John Miller, Allen Killough and Robert Dwining and they filed inventory at Lancaster, Pa., in March 1747. Janet Culbertson took out a warrant for land in what was then Lancaster Co., Pa., in 1748. This was Andrew's widow. She later married John Miller.
‘Andrew (Irish) is first found on tax records of Chester Co., Pa., in 1726. He is not on the records of 1713. The records for intervening years between 1713-1726 are missing so we do not know just when he began paying taxes and when he was of age, or exactly when he came to America. Five of his children were of age in 1750. He was probably married about 1720 as several of his children were married in 1740. He was an uncle, some say a cousin, of the three brothers of the "Culbertson Row." He received a Warrant from Gov. Edward Shippen for 240 acres of land in Hopewell Tp., Lancaster Co., Pa., in 1740. This was partly outside and partly inside Shippensburg.
‘Andrew's widow, several years after his death, married John Miller. He was one of the appraisers of Andrew's estate in March, 1747. In 1751, James Culbertson of Hopewell Tp., Wm. Carr and Elizabeth, his wife; Andrew Culbertson and wife, Esther, made a quit claim to their brother Samuel. Jane conveyed by her g'd'n N. Wilson, 1751. In Nov., 1753, Samuel Culbertson, of Hopewell Tp., and wife, Mary, deeded this property to Francis Campble (275 acres), said Andrew having died intestate, 98 acres of said tract fell to the share of the heirs Samuel, James, Elizabeth and Andrew and Jane."
ANDREW CULBERTSON has been listed as being married to JANET BRECKENRIDGE (?) CALDWELL, possibly the daughter of Alexander Breckenridge and Elizabeth Jane Preston. However, research by accomplished researcher, Evelyn Avery, indicates that Janet was a widow named JANET CALDWELL. In 2004, Evelyn made an extensive research trip to the areas where Andrew Culbertson, Sr. (Irish Andrew) lived in Pennsylvania.
Evelyn Avery states: “Janet was Mrs. Robert Caldwell when she married Andrew Culbertson, and that she was his widow is clearly stated in Andrew's land division papers. Robert Caldwell died in 1735/6. Since the year was written in that form, I assume it was Jan or Feb of the year ending in 1735. Thus it has been estimated that Janet Caldwell and Andrew Culbertson married about 1736."
She thinks that Janet’s maiden name could be Breckenridge (Brackenridge) and indicates Dr. Culbertson indicated this in his book, but that there is no proof that her maiden name was Breckenridge. Andrew Culbertson, Sr. and Janet married in about 1736. Janet Breckenridge was born in about 1696 in Antrim County, Ireland. After the death of Irish Andrew Culbertson in 1746, Janet Culbertson married John Miller. Janet (Culbertson Miller), 2nd wife of Irish Andrew Culbertson, wrote her will as Janet Miller, left a legacy to Sarah's daughter and the rest of her possessions to Sarah (her daughter by Andrew Culbertson), written in 1792 probated 1793, Southampton twp, Franklin Co PA. She is identifed as "now the wife of John Miller" in one deed.
Janet (Culbertson) Miller, widow, Southampton, Franklin Co., PA, wrote her will on 15 Sep 1792, pro. 22 Aug 1793, naming Jane Johnston, eldest dau. of John Brackenridge; dau. Sarah Brackenridge. Exec: John Brackenridge. Wits: Andrew Brackenridge, Robert Scott. (Abstract, Will Book A, pg. 279) She has been reported as having died on 22 April 1793. Naming of a John Brackenridge as executor of her estate would indicate that her maiden name was likely Brackenridge (Breckenridge.)
Andrew and the family is said to have moved to Augusta County, Virginia (near present day Staunton, Virginia), and later returned to Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, where he died in 1746. This move has not been proven.
CHILDREN OF IRISH ANDREW CULBERTSON AND SPOUSE (NAME NOT KNOWN) WERE:
1- SAMUEL CULBERTSON (ca.1717/1722, Ireland -1799, Washington Co, TN) He married Mary Duncan, daughter of James Duncan and Elizabeth.
2- JAMES CULBERTSON (ca.1718/1724, Ireland – 1763, Chester Co, PA)
3- ANDREW CULBERTSON (ca. 1719/1726, PA – 1779, Augusta Co, VA) He married Ester Arbuckle, daughter of Matthew Arbuckle and wife, unknown, about 1743 in Franklin Co., PA. She was born in about 1726 in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania.
4- ELIZABETH CULBERTSON (ca.1720/1728, PA – 1759, Lancaster Co., PA) She married William Carr, son of Michael Carr and wife, unknown, in 1748 in Cumberland Co., PA.
5- JANE CULBERTSON (ca. 1722/1730, PA – d: Westmoreland Co, PA) She married Oliver Culbertson, son of John Culbertson and Jean Unknown in about 1745.
CHILDREN OF IRISH ANDREW CULBERTSON AND JANET BRECKENRIDGE (?) CALDWELL:
6- MARTHA CULBERTSON (ca. 1737, PA - ?, Allegheny Co., PA) She married GIDEON MILLER.
7- MARGARET CULBERTSON (ca.1733/1738, PA – 1750). She married Gideon Miller
8- SARAH CULBERTSON (ca. 1739, PA – 24 Dec 1833, PA). She married John Breckenridge, son of James Breckenridge and Martha Culbertson, in about 1749.
9- ROBERT CULBERTSON (ca. 1740, PA – 1820, Fairfield Co, OH). He married (1st) Elizabeth Davis and (2nd) Elizabeth Jamison
10- REBECCA CULBERTSON (ca. 1741/1742, PA – 11 May 1811, Franklin Co., OH). She married (1st) George Cravenstine and (2nd) Arthur Parks.
Culbertson family information indicates that Irish Andrew Culbertson was buried in Rocky Spring Presbyterian Church Cemetery. The church was formed in 1734. In later years, Andrew Culbertson and his family were recorded as members of Middle Spring Presbyterian Church, which was formed in 1738. Since his land was located on both sides of Middle Spring it would be logical that he would join a church closer to his home. Research indicates that there is no Andrew Culbertson on the list of burials at the Middle Spring church cemetery. It is possible that Andrew acquired lots in Rocky Spring Church Cemetery prior to the time Middle Spring Church was formed. There are numerous unmarked graves in the Rocky Spring Church cemetery.
Andrew Culbertson (1726 - 1779)*
Rocky Spring Churchyard
Created by: Couch Genealogy
Record added: Oct 13, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 118650297
Added: Apr. 15, 2014
To my Ancestors, I salute you for what you did to pave the way we have today in America, Thank You!|
David M Wilkins
Added: Mar. 20, 2014