|Birth: ||Mar. 23, 1847|
|Death: ||Jul. 29, 1925|
James Burridge, son of gardener John Burridge, and his wife Mary, claimed to have been born at Crediton, in the county of Devon, England, on March 23, 1847. There is some doubt that this is his correct date of birth, despite it being claimed by James himself, in his pension application forms. The indices of the General Register Office, of the United Kingdom, clearly show that no person of this name was born in the first quarter (January to March) of 1847 at Crediton, but that James Burridge was born at Crediton in the June quarter, of that year. At some point in time he moved to the United States, and, prior to entering the Army, he had been employed as a shoemaker, and his place of residence, before enlisting was shown as Buffalo, New York.
His military service in the United States covered one period as a volunteer during the Civil War, and then three terms in the United States regular army. It commenced with his enlistment as a private in the 33rd Independent Battery of New York Light Artillery, which unit was organized at Elmira, New York, on August 31, 1863, for three years service. Burridge himself states that he enrolled on July 15, 1863, but he may not have recalled the exact date, or else he may have been unassigned from the date of his enrolment, until he actually entered the unit, at the end of August. He does, however, correctly give the name of his commanding officer as Captain Alger M. Wheeler. His personal description, at the time of enlistment is shown as standing at a height of five feet, three and three quarter inches, fair complexion, hazel eyes and sandy hair. In his statement, made at the time of his application for a United States government pension, years later, Burridge did indicate that he had contracted the fever and ague, and rheumatism, while at Jamestown, Virginia, about December, 1863. However, he states that, because of the constant movement of the unit, he was not able to be treated in a hospital, and obviously had to put up with these ailments. He was honorably discharged at Petersburg, Virginia, on June 25, 1865. On a separate page he gives his date and place of discharge as June 18, 1865, at Buffalo, New York.
On August 7, 1865, he enlisted in the regular army, at Buffalo, for three years service in the 16th United States Infantry, but deserted just four days later, on August 11, as an unassigned recruit (a separate source shows the date of desertion as August 8). However, the very next day, on August 12th, 1865, he enlisted again, at Rochester, New York, for three years, and was assigned to company C of the 14th United States Infantry. Burridge states that, while serving in this particular unit, he was severely wounded in the muscles, and this is verified by an extensive report in the volume, Circular No. 3. War Department, Surgeon General's Office, Washington, August 17, 1871 - A Report of Surgical Cases Treated In The Army of the United States From 1865 To 1871, published by the Government Printing Office, Washington, 1871, page 155, which notes, in full – "ARROW WOUNDS: "CCCCLXXIX – Report of an Arrow Wound of the Arm, followed by Aneurism. By J.N. McChandless, M.D. Acting Assistant Surgeon. Private James Burridge, Co. C, 14th Infantry, aged 22 years, was wounded near Bower's Ranche, Arizona Territory, November 11, 1867, by an arrow, which struck the arm about two inches above the elbow. Traumatic aneurism followed, and on January 3d, digital compression was employed, and continued for twenty four hours. Before compression, the tumor was about the size of a pigeon's egg, soft and pulsating. One week after the compression, it was reduced to half the size. On January 15th, the compression was repeated for twenty four hours, and on January 18th, the tumor was almost imperceptible. The patient was returned to duty January 20, 1868."
Although a War Department report of March 26, 1903, states, quite clearly, that Burridge was "not reported sick on any rolls," the medical publication clearly shows that he had indeed been wounded by an arrow. However, he continued to serve his full term, and was discharged, at the expiration of his term of service, at Camp Lincoln, Arizona Territory, on August 12, 1868, as a private. Then, while at San Francisco, California, he re-enlisted, for a further three years, as a private in the regular army and was this time assigned first to company D of the 9th United States Infantry, and, on May 7, 1869, he was transferred to company D of the 12th United States Infantry. Once again, he completed his full term of service, and was discharged at Fort Yuma, California, as a private, on November 6, 1871.
After his military service, he made his way back to his home at Crediton, in England, and was married, on March 23, 1874, to twenty-two year old Eliza Mogridge, at the Crediton Parish Church, by the Vicar C. Felton Smith. The couple were to have eight children, two of whom were born in England, and the rest in Australia. With his wife and two children, James left England, from Plymouth, on December 17, 1875, aboard the Golden Sea, arriving in Adelaide on March 30, 1876. However, some five years later, James was charged, in the Police Court of Adelaide, of having left his wife and three children without adequate means of support, and was ordered, on Friday, November 12, 1880, to pay the sum of 15 shillings a week. A report in the South Australian Advertiser newspaper of Monday, July 31, 1911, indicates that, on the Saturday before, James Burridge, who was then living on the corner of Robert and Angas Streets, Adelaide, was knocked down by a horse attached to a spring cart while crossing Angas Street, and was taken to hospital in a cab and detained there for treatment. Later that year, the Adelaide Advertiser newspaper of Thursday, 14 September, 1911, made the following report, on page 11: "At the Local Court on Wednesday (13 September, 1911) before Mr. Commissioner Russell, James Burridge, of Angas Street, bootmaker, sued Robert Poole, of Cowandilla, farmer, for 18 pounds damages for injuries sustained in a collision alleged to have been caused by the negligence of the defendant, in driving a vehicle………Mr. Muirhead said the plaintiff was a colonist of 36 years. He was an old age pensioner, and, with his wife conducted a small vegetable shop in Angas street. On Saturday evening, July 29, he was crossing from the north side to the south side of that street. The night was dark, but the street was well lighted. When he was about 9 ft. from the kerbstone he heard somebody call out, and the next moment a horse and trap, driven by the defendant, ran over him. His collarbone was fractured, and he received injuries to his back and side. He was removed to the hospital, where he was detained for five days. He contended that the driver of the vehicle was guilty of gross negligence. There was no other traffic passing at the time. Mrs. Burridge and Frank Wilkins gave evidence in support of counsel's statement. Robert Poole, the defendant, said his wife and children were in the trap, and the horse was driven by a boy named Garrett. Alfred Garrett told Mr. Gordon that he saw the plaintiff and called out, "Go back." But he continued to go on. Had the plaintiff stopped he would not have been run over, for the witness pulled up sharply. Verdict for the defendant." James died at his residence, at 21 Little Sturt Street, Adelaide, on July 29, 1925, with the probable cause of his death listed as heart failure. He was buried at the West Terrace Cemetery.
Adelaide Advertiser dated Monday, 31 July 1911, page 8, and Thursday, September 14, 1911, page 11.
Death certificate of James Burridge, district of Adelaide, South Australia, 1925.
Marriage certificate of James Burridge, parish of Crediton, county of Devon, England, 1874.
Pension record of James Burridge, certificate no. 1074220.
Register of Enlistments, United States Army, for James Burridge, August 7, 1865, August 12, 1865, and November 6, 1868.
South Australian Advertiser (Adelaide), dated Saturday, 13 November, 1880, page 7.
South Australian Register (Adelaide) dated Friday, 31 March, 1876, page 5.
Original research of the late Roy Parker, Barry Crompton, Bob Simpson, Len Traynor and Terry Foenander, and published in the volume, CIVIL WAR VETERANS IN AUSTRALIA, edited by Mrs. Virginia Crocker, 2000.
West Terrace Cemetery
South Australia, Australia
Created by: Terry Foenander
Record added: May 15, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 19392104