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Lluís María Xirinachs
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Birth: Aug. 6, 1932
Cataluna, Spain
Death: Aug. 11, 2007
Cataluna, Spain

Was a Catalan politician writer religious and advocator for the independence of the Catalan Countries. He was born in Barcelona in 1932, and he became priest when he was 22. In the 1960s and 1970s, he made several hunger strikes, a first long one against the entailment of Churh and State during Francoism. The Spanish regime imprisoned him twice (1972 and 1974-1975). He declared himself as follower of Gandhi theses and practiced the fight from within the non-violence. As example, he spent twelve hours a day for a year and nine months standing in front a prison of Barcelona until the approval of an amnesty law for political prisoners. For all these actions, he was proposed 3 years (1975, 1976, 1977) as a candidate for the Peace Nobel Prize. In 1977, in the first Spanish elections after Franco dictatorship, he became senator for Barcelona as a independent candidate. In 1979, he led a candidature for the Spanis Congress of Deputies in a coalition known as Left Block of National Freedom (Bloc d'Esquerra d'Alliberament Nacional or BEAN). That reivindicated the spirit of the former Assembly of Catalonia, of which he also was one of its main promoters. Later on, BEAN also presented in 1980 Catalan Parliament elections; but, in both cases, it did not obtain any representation. By 1980, he left active party politics. In 1984 he founded along with Agustí Chalaux the Centre d'Estudis Joan Bardina, where he wanted to deepen in a new economical, political and social model. In 1990, he abandoned his priesthood vows. In 2000, he started to protest again, sitting in Sant Jaume square daily for the independence of the Catalan Countries. When he was 65, he became PhD in Philosophy. On September 11, 2002, within the National Day of Catalonia reivindicative speeches in Fossar de les Moreres. When he was 74, on October 25, 2005, he was arrested by Spanish Police when he visited Ciutat Vella commissary in order to renew his identity document. Two days later, he was sent to prison, but in the very afternoon, the Attorney General decided to free him invoking humanitarian reasons because of his age. In 2004, Catalan Summer University awarded him the Canigó prize. During that time, he continued his political commitment within Fundació Randa.
On August 11, 2007, he was found dead in the woods of Ogassá, Ripollès. Even if some media quickly spoke about suicide, there is not yet any verifiable confirmation. He let a note in his workplace explaining his decision, where he criticized the cowardice of Catalan politicians and noticed that Catalonia is occupied by France and Spain.

Rocas Blancas
Provincia de Barcelona
Cataluna, Spain
Created by: Marina
Record added: Aug 16, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial# 20970874
Lluís María Xirinachs
Added by: Marina
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 Added: Mar. 22, 2009

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